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HKBU POLS 3620 Contemporary Europe and Asia 2010 Gambling in China and France

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Gambling in China and France

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HKBU POLS 3620 Contemporary Europe and Asia 2010 Gambling in China and France

  1. 1. Gambling in China and France Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120)
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Gambling occurred in every society </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Development in19 th and 20 th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Phenomenon despite its universality </li></ul><ul><li>The East and The West </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarities and Differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Gambling Games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Gambling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The New Ways to Gamble </li></ul></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120)
  3. 3. What is Gambling? <ul><li>“ Gambling is one of the few social activities that occurs in nearly all cultures and in every period of time: in this respect it can be said to be virtually a universal phenomenon in human societies.” </li></ul><ul><li>McMillen 1996 </li></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523)
  4. 4. Historical Development in China <ul><li>Started in the 18 century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Ban of gambling during the Han </li></ul><ul><li>Dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) </li></ul><ul><li>The Tang Dynasty, 589 AD, the </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Age of Chinese History </li></ul><ul><li>In 1860, the Qing government </li></ul><ul><li>started to tax from gambling </li></ul><ul><li>In 1884 , the Guandong government </li></ul><ul><li>legalized gambling </li></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523)
  5. 5. Historical Development in France <ul><li>Banned by the authority </li></ul><ul><li>Francis I ( 1494 –1547) created the Royal lottery </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Golden Age’ : between the Renaissance and 1789 Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon: the R oyal lottery  the I mperial lottery </li></ul>Elize So Kit Ling (07020120) Royal lottey I mperial lottery Francis I Napoleon
  6. 6. Similarities <ul><li>Monopoly: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong: Jockey Club </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France: La Fran çaise des Jeux (FDJ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pari Mutuel Urbain (P.M.U.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (0820523) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120)
  7. 7. Similarities <ul><li>Increasing number of casinos </li></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120) in France
  8. 8. Cultural differences Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120) Most common gambling games Chinese French Emphasis Process Result Theory involved Psychology Possibility Goal Money Other
  9. 9. Different Gambling Games <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mah Jong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pai Gow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sic Bo (hi-lo) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fan Tan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slot machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse racing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gambling on Sport events </li></ul></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120)
  10. 10. Interaction between East and West <ul><li>Gambling is a worldwide activities </li></ul><ul><li>Horse Racing, the earliest western </li></ul><ul><li>gambling activities spread to China </li></ul><ul><li>Madiao (East) Vs. Poker (West) </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Six (Hong Kong) Vs. Lottery (Europe) </li></ul><ul><li>Dog Racing (Macau) imported from America </li></ul><ul><li>Roulette and Three-reel Machine </li></ul><ul><li>were exported to China </li></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523)
  11. 11. Problem Gambling among the Chinese <ul><li>Social gambling is widespread among </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese communities as it is a preferred form of entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence estimates for Problem Gambling have increased over the years and currently ranged from 2.5% to 4.0%. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese problem gamblers consistently </li></ul><ul><li>have difficulty admitting their issue </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences exist in patterns of gambling </li></ul><ul><li>when compared with Western samples. </li></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523)
  12. 12. Problem Gambling among the French <ul><li>Problem gambling among youngsters > adults </li></ul><ul><li>Problem gamblers are most likely to be </li></ul><ul><li>electronic gaming machine players </li></ul><ul><li>Only 50% of the French Problem Gamblers </li></ul><ul><li>seek help. </li></ul><ul><li>20% of problem gamblers: criminal offenses. </li></ul><ul><li>The gambling policy of the French government: </li></ul><ul><li>I. More risky games  in casinos </li></ul><ul><li>II. Less risky games  accessible to everyone </li></ul>Elize So Kit Ling (07020120)
  13. 13. The New Ways to Gamble <ul><li>Phone Betting </li></ul><ul><li>High Tech Gambling Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Online Betting </li></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120)
  14. 14. La Fran çaise des Jeux (FDJ) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120)
  15. 15. The Hong Kong Jockey Club Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523)
  16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Similarities in gambling in both countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy access to gambling websites. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem gambling </li></ul>Jason Wong Ching Kwok (08020523) Elize So Kit Ling (07020120)

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