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A Health, a ringing health...' with reference to I. A. Richards


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A Health, a ringing health...' with reference to I. A. Richards

  1. 1. ‘A Health, a ringing health…’ with reference to I.A.Richards Name: Vaishali Hareshbhai Jasoliya Class: M.A.Sem.- 2 Roll No.: 28 Paper No.: 07 (Literary Theory & Criticism) Enrolment No.: 14101028 Email ID: Year: 2015-16 Submitted to: Department of English Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University
  2. 2. Introduction of I.A.Richards He was born in 1893. He was educated at Cambridge. His career both as teacher and Critic. His full name was Ivor Armstrong Richards. He was pioneer in the domain of New criticism.
  3. 3. Four Sources of Misunderstanding in Poetry
  4. 4. Poem : ‘A Health, a ringing health’  In the poem in which the poet celebrates the eightieth birthday of George Meredith.  In Figurative Language we find that words are centre. (1).The only concrete simile in the octave is the likening of the sea to a harp-surely a little- extravagant.
  5. 5. (2).The imagery is bad. The sea may sound like an organ but it never bad the sound of a harp.  The harp-image is justified because its use leads to the realization of effects aimed at by the poet. (3).One wonders if the poet has correctly grasped the idea conywed in the description of the harp. (4). A far-fetched metaphor in which the sea is pictured Harp and each string, besides being mirthful, is made up of the lightning of spring nights.
  6. 6. (5). The first definite clue to the poem’s true character is the word ‘woven’. Ex. – Since strings are spun or twisted, ‘woven’ must have been brought in for its higher potency in releasing vague emotion. (6). Common sense suggests that if the Dawn were present the lightning of spring nights would be inevitably absent. (7). Since Dawn does not come into being till the end of night, the strings and listener could not exist contemporaneously.
  7. 7. Nature’s first green is gold Nature’s first green is gold Her hardest hue to hold, Her early so an hour. Then leaf subsides to leaf. So Eden sank to grief, So down goes down to day. Nothing gold can stay. -Robert Frost
  8. 8. • "Nature's first green is gold" ......................Nothing Gold Can Stay by Robert Frost • Frost's poem contains the perfect image of Vermont's spring landscape. The hardwoods lose their leaves in autumn and stay bare through the winter. In spring, the first green to appear is really gold as the buds break open. The willows and maples have this temporary gold hue. In only a few days, the leaves mature to green
  9. 9. Figurative Language in Robert Frost’s poem  “Nature’s first green is gold” and “Her early leaf’s a flower”  Metaphor – Comparison something with another indirectly. “Her hardest hue to hold” and “So dawn goes down to day”  Alliteration – Repetition of initial letters or sound. “So Eden sank to grief” Hyperbole – Dramatic Exaggeration.