Instructional approaches

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Instructional approaches

  1. 1. Listening and SpeakingInstructional Approaches Prepared by: Anne Jasmin S. Padilla Camille O. Rico
  2. 2. What isListening?
  3. 3. Listening...Give ones attention to a soundTake notice of and act on what someone says; respond to advice or a requestThe active process of receiving and responding to spoken (and sometimes unspoken) messages.
  4. 4. What makes listening difficult?ClusteringRedundancyReduced formsPerformance VariablesRate of DeliveryStress, rhythm and intonationInteraction
  5. 5. Principles for Teaching Listening1. Expose students to different ways of processing information: bottom-up vs. top-down.2. Expose students to different types of listening.3. Teach a variety of tasks.4. Consider text, difficulty, and authenticity.5. Teach listening strategies.
  6. 6. Types of classroom listening (Brown2001)  Reactive  Intensive  Responsive  Selective  Extensive  Interactive
  7. 7. Listening Strategies Look for keywords Predicting a speaker’s purpose by the context of the spoken discourse Associating information with one’s existing background knowledge Guessing meanings Seeking clarification
  8. 8. What isSpeaking?
  9. 9. Speaking...The action of conveying information or expressing ones thoughts and feelings in spoken language.Used in, suited to, or involving speaking o r talking.
  10. 10. What makes speaking difficult?  Clustering  Redundancy  Reduced forms  Performance Variables  Colloquial language  Stress, rhythm and intonation  Interaction
  11. 11. Principles of Teaching Speaking Pr ovi de som hi ng f or t he l ear ner s t o t al k et about . C eat e oppor t uni t i es f or t he st udent s t o r i nt er act by usi ng gr oup w k or pai r w k. or or Pl an speaki ng t asks t hat i nvol ve negot i at i on f or meani ng. Encour age l ear ner s t o t ake r easonabl e r i sks when speaki ng.
  12. 12. Activities to enhance Speaking Monologue Role play Reciting a poem Story telling Reporting
  13. 13.  Min paki insert dito nung mga words na popronounce ng mga students tapos yung stories kaw na bahala magedit ng mga animations effects chuchu na yun. Basta yan na yung rereport naten.. Text mo ko kung may problem.

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