Listening...Give ones attention to a soundTake notice of and act on what someone says; respond to advice or a requestThe active process of receiving and responding to spoken (and sometimes unspoken) messages.
What makes listening difficult?ClusteringRedundancyReduced formsPerformance VariablesRate of DeliveryStress, rhythm and intonationInteraction
Principles for Teaching Listening1. Expose students to different ways of processing information: bottom-up vs. top-down.2. Expose students to different types of listening.3. Teach a variety of tasks.4. Consider text, difficulty, and authenticity.5. Teach listening strategies.
Listening Strategies Look for keywords Predicting a speaker’s purpose by the context of the spoken discourse Associating information with one’s existing background knowledge Guessing meanings Seeking clarification
Speaking...The action of conveying information or expressing ones thoughts and feelings in spoken language.Used in, suited to, or involving speaking o r talking.
What makes speaking difficult? Clustering Redundancy Reduced forms Performance Variables Colloquial language Stress, rhythm and intonation Interaction
Principles of Teaching Speaking Pr ovi de som hi ng f or t he l ear ner s t o t al k et about . C eat e oppor t uni t i es f or t he st udent s t o r i nt er act by usi ng gr oup w k or pai r w k. or or Pl an speaki ng t asks t hat i nvol ve negot i at i on f or meani ng. Encour age l ear ner s t o t ake r easonabl e r i sks when speaki ng.
Activities to enhance Speaking Monologue Role play Reciting a poem Story telling Reporting
Min paki insert dito nung mga words na popronounce ng mga students tapos yung stories kaw na bahala magedit ng mga animations effects chuchu na yun. Basta yan na yung rereport naten.. Text mo ko kung may problem.