Introduction to Production Planning by Jasmin Dalal

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Production Management or Planning Controlling and Scheduling

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Introduction to Production Planning by Jasmin Dalal

  1. 1. PRODUCTION MANAGEMENTOR PRODUCTION PLANNING,CONTROLLING AND SCHEDULING<br />INTRODUCTION BY : <br /> JASMIN DALAL<br /> CLEAN ROOM EXECUTIVE<br />N.S.REMEDIES PRIVET LIMITED<br />
  2. 2. Definition of Production Management<br />Production Management deals with decision making related to Production Process so that the resulting goals or services are produced according to specification in amount and by the schedule demand at minimum cost.<br />Production Management is concerned with those process, which Convert INPUT into OUTPUT.<br />It is a process of effective planning and regulating the operations of that section of enterprise, which is responsible for the actual TRANSFORMATION of MATERIALS into FINISHED PRODUCTS.<br />
  3. 3. Objective of Production Management<br />Production is an organized activity of a Manufacturing Organization.<br />Produce Quality product at a minimum unit cost.<br />Strictly maintain the time schedule.<br />Acquire, Utilize and maintain machinery and equipment and keep in to good order.<br />Obtain the best Quality of Raw Materials at cheaper prices and store in the most economical way.<br />Select Chain Supply and maintain motivated manpower.<br />Provide proper and adequate services so as to keep the flow of production smooth and efficient.<br />Produced quality products.<br />
  4. 4. Scope of Production Management<br />The scope of manufacturing Management is vast and expending on account of increasing complexity of the production process and the competitive conduction.<br />Selecting and designing the products.<br />Selecting and planning the process.<br />Providing for Material and Handling.<br />Capacity Planning.<br />Purchasing and Storing the Raw Materials.<br />Converting the Raw Materials into Finished Goods.<br />Providing for Quality Management.<br />Arranging for Production PLANNING and CONTROLLING.<br />Conducting the WORK-STUDY. <br />
  5. 5. Importance of Manufacturing Management<br />Production activates are promoting the economic development.<br />Factories that are production centers are described as the temples of modern India.<br />Factories promote industrialization and also provide employment directly and indirectly to a large number of people.<br />The productivity in the industrial sector is higher than that in any sector.<br />Production units play role in bringing about the SOCIO-ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION. <br />The production Structure of the economy affects the life style of the people.<br />
  6. 6. Functions of Manufacturing Management<br />Designing and Developing Production Process.<br />Carrying out production Planning and Control more efficiently and effectively.<br />Implementing production plans and related activities in order to produce Quality Output at minimum cost per unit.<br />Administrating and Coordinating the various activities of different departments so as to run the whole production process smoothly and deliver goods or time.<br />Promoting the research and development activities in organization with a view to develop the products to match the changing tastes and preferences of the consumers.<br />
  7. 7. Method of Production<br />PROJECT PRODUCTION<br />JOB PRODUCTION<br />BATCH PRODUCTION<br />PROCESS PRODUCTION<br />MASS OR FLOW PRODUCTION<br />
  8. 8. Job Production (characteristics)<br />When JOB PRODUCTION carried out according to the specifications of the customers order, it is known as “JOB LOT”<br /><ul><li>Small Production.
  9. 9. Production Cycle Time.
  10. 10. Discontinuous Flow of Materials and Components.
  11. 11. Nature of Supervisions.
  12. 12. In Process work Inventory.</li></li></ul><li>BATCH Production (characteristics)<br />Batch production schedule of production is based on specific orders received or the demand for cast.<br />In case of Batch production a product is divided into various part or operations for the Batch as a whole before the next operation is undertaken.<br />The items under Batch production are produced to meet specific orders of the customers.<br /><ul><li>Short Production.
  13. 13. High Skilled Employees Force.
  14. 14. Nature of Supervisors.
  15. 15. Smaller Material Handling.
  16. 16. Equipment.
  17. 17. In-Process Work.</li></li></ul><li>CONTINOUS Production(characteristics)<br />There should be continuity in demand.<br />The product is standardized.<br />All the operational stages in the process have to be balanced.<br />The material should be according to specifications and be made available in time.<br />Appropriate plant and equipment should be provided.<br />Work should be carried out according to the Quality Standards.<br />Proper maintenance of machinery and equipment is necessary.<br />Inspection must be in time with production.<br />
  18. 18. MASS OR FOLW Production<br />Continues flow of materials takes place at any stage of processing and there is no queuing at all.<br />Special purpose machines are to be used and the plant assembly is based on product layout system.<br />There is no need to have highly skilled workers.<br />Material handling tends to be less as materials move over short distances between different stages and material handling is mostly mechanized.<br />The manufacturing cycle time tends to be of shorter duration.<br />The supervision is easier on account of the standardization and hence very few instructions are required.<br />The in-process work tends to be less.<br />
  19. 19. PROCESS Production<br />Special purpose machinery and equipment with built in controls regulate in the INPUT and measure the OUTPUT.<br />A higher level of mechanization in material handling is common.<br />The manufacturing cycle time is nearer to zero because in flow of raw material at one end and the production of finished goods at the other end are such that the whole plan is like one big machine.<br />The in-process work tends to be very small on account of continuous flow of materials.<br />A high Quality of supervision is required.<br />Semiskilled workman and skilled technicians are employed. <br />
  20. 20. Explained <br />about <br />PRODUCTION PLANNING, <br />CONTROLLING <br />AND <br />SCHEDULING.<br />
  21. 21. Definition<br />Production planning and control involves generally, the organization and the planning of MANUFACTURING PROCESS.<br />Specifically it consists of planning of MATERIALS, METHODS, MACHINES, TOOLING and OPERATING TIMES.<br />Production planning is essentially a pre-production activity associated with the design of the production system.<br />It is adopting as business principal the old saying<br />“ PLAN YOUR WORK AND WORK YOUR PLAN”<br />
  22. 22. Objectives<br />Attain the maximum utilization of resources.<br />Produced Quality products.<br />Minimize manufacturing cycle time.<br />Maintain optimum inventory levels.<br />Maintain flexibility on operation.<br />Achieve coordination between employees, machines and other supporting departments.<br />Remove the bottleneck at all levels of production.<br />Achieve cost reduction and cost control.<br />Prepare and maintain the production schedule.<br />Achieve the goals at minimum cost.<br />
  23. 23. Scope <br />Procuring raw materials, components and spare parts in the right quantities at the right time from the right source and the right prices.<br />Selecting the best method of processing and finding out the best sequences of operation.<br />Selecting the best method of processing and finding out the best sequence of operation.<br />Preparing and maintaining the time schedule.<br />Ensuring a continuous inspection over products produced.<br />Imposing controls over the costs and to get work done according to the plan. <br />
  24. 24. ROUTINE<br />ESTIMATING<br />SCHEDULING<br />LOADING<br />PRODUCTION PLANNING <br />PRODUCTION CONTROLLING<br />EVALUATION<br />INSPECTION<br />EXPEDITING<br />DISPATCHING<br />
  25. 25. Importance<br />It coordinates all phases of the production/operation system.<br />An efficient system or production planning and controlling results in to better Quality, Level of Inventory, Reduction in production cycle time, Faster delivery, More efficient customer services, Lower cost of production, etc…..<br />As a results of systematic planning and control, Machinery breakdowns are minimized, Maintenance is improved, Excess capacity and idle time is minimized and Steady flow of goods is maintained.<br />It contribute significantly increasing the goodwill and image of the organization.<br />
  26. 26. Limitation<br />Production planning and control is based upon certain assumptions or forecasts about the level of demand, Availability of Materials, Technological Progress, Government Policies, etc…<br />If these assumptions go wrong the production planning and control function may turn out to be ineffective.<br />It is costly and time-consuming exercise.<br />It becomes a difficult exercise especially when external environmental factors change very rapidly.<br />The employees may resist change involves several changes. <br />
  27. 27. Comparison Between Production Planning And Controlling.<br />PRODUCTION PLANING<br />PRODUCTION CONTROLING<br />It deals with implementing the plan.<br />Control involves utilization of Data, Reporting about Output, Efficiency of Employees and Machines, Inventory Control, Quality Control, etc…<br />Control involves actual use of forms for Reporting about production Activities to Higher Authorities.<br />Control is basically involves looking backwards and taking steps to maintain time schedule.<br />Control is DECENTRALIZE activities taking place in Organization.<br />It deals with Planning the Work.<br />Planning involves collection of data on materials, Machines, Tools and Equipments, etc…<br />Planning is basically a thinking process, hence, it involves lots of paper work, preparing necessary forms etc…<br />Planning needs feedback so as to know whether the actual performance is taking place according to the plan or not.<br />Planning is CENTRALIZED Activities , Controlled by the TOP MANAGEMENT.<br />
  28. 28. THUS PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROLLING ARE NOT ONLY COMPLEMENTARY TO EACH OTHER BUT THEY ARE INTERALETED, HEANCE OFTEN CONSIDERED AS BEING ONE FUNCTION<br />NEXT <br />TO <br />PRODUCTION SCHEDULING<br />
  29. 29. Definition<br />Scheduling is defined as “ The determination of time is required to perform each operation and also the time required to perform the entire series as routed.”<br />Scheduling is the process of preparing a time target for all production operation including set up and other preparation time in executing a production order in manufacturing organization.<br />
  30. 30. Objectives<br />Plan the work sequence to meet the delivery date.<br />Have a minimum throughput time with better utilization of resources.<br />Minimize idle time of machines and Employees and to make maximize use of plan and to reduce wage cost.<br />Prevent unbalanced allocation of time amongst various departments and work centers.<br />Minimize storage cost.<br />Minimize the working capital investment in inventories of semi processed materials.<br />
  31. 31. Scope<br />Assign a job to a particular work Centre or Machine.<br />Fix the time of assignment of job and its complection.<br />Allocate necessary resources such as Materials Manpower etc….<br />Decide about the time sequence of operations.<br />Carry out the feedback and control functions to take care of deviations.<br />
  32. 32. Types of Scheduling<br />OPERATION SCHEDULE: It determines the total time required to do a pieces of work with a given process or machine.<br />MASTER SCHEDULE: It is a list indicating the Quantity of each item to be manufactured in a given period of time in the future.<br />SEQUENTIAL SCHEDULE: It defines the sequence for a multi product plan, which passes through a number of departments.<br />
  33. 33. QUALITY CONTROL(definition)<br />Quality is the sum of attributes or properties of a product, which are expressed in terms of Quality criteria.<br />The quality of a product may be defined as a sum of related characteristics such as shape, DIMENSION, COMPOSITION, STRENGTH WORKSHIP, ADJUSTMENT, FINISH.<br />Control implies the comparison of the actual results or finished products with the predetermination standards and specifications.<br />
  34. 34. Objective of QC<br />Assess the Quality of Raw materials, Semi Finished and Finished Goods at different stages during the process of Production.<br />Check whether the product conforms to the predetermination standards and specifications, and also whether it satisfies the customers or not.<br />Suggest improvements in the Quality of Goods through new methods, use of machinery, etc…<br />Develop Quality consciousness in various section of production department.<br />Assess various Techniques of Quality Control, Method and Process of Production and suggest improvements in them to make them more effective.<br />
  35. 35. Advantages or Importance of QC<br />QUALITY CONTROL generates both for the organization and consumers.<br />A quality product helps the consumers to maximize their satisfaction; so that the demand for such products increase rapidly.<br />This increases the Goodwill, Profitability, and Market of the Company.<br />It helps in reducing the cost of production.<br />It aims at maximum utilization of the resources most economically.<br />It contributes towards increasing the moral of Employees.<br />It maximizes consumers satisfaction.<br />
  36. 36. Thanking You<br />INTRODUCTION BY<br />JASMIN DALAL <br />CLEAN ROOM EXECUTIVE<br />N.S.REMEDIES PRIVATE LIMITED.<br />

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