Cognitive Learning Theory EME 2040

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Cognitive Learning Theory EME 2040

  1. 1. Cognitive Learning Theory By: Jashira Lopez
  2. 2. What is the Cognitive Learning Theory?  It argues that the “black box” of the mind should be opened and understood.  We as the learners are viewed as an information processor, which is similar to a computer.  It started in the 1960s, replacing Behaviorism as the dominant paradigm.
  3. 3. Key People associated with Cognitive Learning Theory  • • Some of the originators and contributors: Gagne: Identified 5 major categories of learning: 1Verbal Information, 2Intellectual Skills, 3Cognitive Strategies, 4Attitudes and 5Motor Skills Benjamin Bloom: Bloom’s Taxonomy Simple way to classify goals/objectives of curriculum that included six levels which are: 1knowledge, 2comprehension, 3application, 4analysis, 5synthesis and 6evaluation
  4. 4. Key People associated with Cognitive Learning Theory   Allan Paivio: information presented visually and verbally=enhances recall and recognition. Dual Coding Theory: people process information in two ways by processing of 1images and 2language. Gardner: multiple intelligences. The original eight intelligences are used to figure out the type of technology and instruction that works best for students. They are: 1Linguistic-verbal, 2Logical-mathematical, 3Spatial-visual, 4Body-kinesthetic, 5Musical, 6Interpersonal, 7Intrapersonal, and 8Naturalist.
  5. 5. Key Points of the Theory  Thinking, memory, knowing, as well as problem-solving need to be explored.  We can view knowledge as a schema (symbolic mental construction).  Learning: change in a learner’s schemata.  People need active participation, that is how we learn, and our actions are a consequence of thinking.
  6. 6. Key Points of the Theory  Our mind is like a computer in that we have: a) Information come in b) The information is processed which c) Leads to certain outcomes
  7. 7. What the teacher does under this theory    The teacher needs to give more attention toward what is to be learned, so write key ideas on the board, highlight the important points in the textbooks. Use examples, images, elaborations, and meaningful connections to prior knowledge, so it can be more meaningful to the students; bridge the gap so to speak between the new information and old information. Give the students time to see if they understand what they are learning.
  8. 8. What the teacher does under this theory With Technology    By concept maps, or multimedia, give organized instruction. Show videos, visual content like movies or audio content. Use PowerPoint, make tutorials and gives students the freedom for them to make their own ideas, and discussions online. Without Technology    Bridge the gap between new information and what the students know. Verbal and imaginary encoding to help students remember. Give demonstrations and examples.
  9. 9. What the students do under this theory     It helps the students to know which way is the best way that they learn. It helps them to determine how they can study. Since the teachers spend more time on what is important and are more informed, it gives the students a better environment setting for them to learn their information. They can highlight main points and ideas in their books.
  10. 10. What the students do under this theory With Technology     They can make their projects through PowerPoint, Moviemaker. They can use Microsoft Word in order to write reports. They can use blogs or a wiki page to have discussions online. Or they can have video chat to debate certain topics. Without Technology     They can write reports, display their projects on display boards. They can bring projects that are made by them. They can have group activities. They can use poster boards or display boards.
  11. 11. My opinion on the Cognitive Learning Theory  As we learned, Behaviorism was replaced by the Cognitive Learning Theory as the dominant paradigm. The reason being was that not everything was a stimulus-response. You see Behaviorism was stuck on the idea that all behavior could be explained without considering internal mental states or consciousness. Yet we see that there was a need for that. Therefore, in the 1960s, the Cognitive Learning Theory came about. I like the fact that it is a theory showing that we are humans not robots. That our thinking, memory, knowledge, and problem-solving need to be explored. I also agree with the statement that our actions are consequences of thinking. For instance, when you are thinking you are hungry, you go get food. Reason? You thought you were hungry, therefore you went and got food-action. I think this is also a good tool to use in classrooms because when teaching, you can focus on what is necessarily important, they key points, and by focusing and repeating what is key, the students will learn it more quickly!
  12. 12. Credits     Cognitive Information Processing (CIP). N.d. Photograph. Cognitive Design SolutionWeb. 15 Nov 2013.<http://www.cog nitivedesignsolutions.com/Instruction/Instru ctionalDesign.htm>. 2007. Photograph. The Daily GalaxyWeb. 15 Nov 2013.<http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my _weblog/2007/08/the-cognitive-r.html>. "Cognitivism." Learning-Theories. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov 2013. <http://www.learning theories.com/cognitivism.html>. N.d. Photograph. The Centre for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, London. Web. 15 Nov 2013.<http:/ /www.centreforcbtcounselling.co.uk/depression.php>.

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