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  1. 1. BarangayFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, searchThis article is about the political administrative division. For the pre-hispanic village system ofthe Philippines, see Barangay (pre-colonial). Philippines This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Philippines Government • Constitution Legislature • Congress (15th Congress) • Senate o Senate President o Current senators • House of Representatives o Speaker o Legislative districts o Sectoral representation Executive • President (list) o Benigno Aquino III • Vice President (list) o Jejomar Binay • Cabinet • Executive departments Judiciary
  2. 2. • Supreme Court o Chief Justice  Renato Corona • Court of Appeals • Court of Tax Appeals • Sandiganbayan • Ombudsman Elections • Commission on Elections o Chairman: Sixto Brillantes • Elections: o 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | All Political parties • Liberal • Lakas-Kampi • NPC • Nacionalista • PMP • PDP-Laban • LDP • KBL • Others Subdivisions • Local government o Capital o Regions o Provinces o Cities o Municipalities o Barangays Related topics • Foreign relations • Human rights Other countries · Atlas Philippine Government Portal view · talk · editA barangay (Filipino: baranggay, [baɾaŋˈɡaj]) is the smallest administrative division in thePhilippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. Barangays are further
  3. 3. subdivided into smaller areas called Puroks (English: Zone). A sitio is a territorial enclave insidea barangay, especially in rural areas. Municipalities and cities are composed of barangays. Inplace names barangay is sometimes abbreviated as "Brgy." or "Bgy.". As of June 28, 2011 thereare a total of 42,026 barangays throughout the Philippines.[1]Contents • 1 History • 2 Organization • 3 Other uses • 4 See also • 5 Bibliography • 6 Notes • 7 External links[edit] HistoryFurther information: History of the Barangay before HispanizationWhen the first Spaniards arrived in the 16th century, they found the Filipinos having acivilization of their own and some living in well-organized independent villages calledbarangays. The name barangay originated from balangay, a Malay word meaning "sailboat".[2]The term barangay was adopted and barangay structure defined in the modern context during theadministration of President Ferdinand Marcos, replacing the old barrios and municipal councils.The barangays were eventually codified under the 1991 Local Government Code. The word"barangay" was derived from an ancient Malayo-Polynesian boat called a balangay.Historically, the first barangays started as relatively small communities of around 50 to 100families. By the time of contact with Spaniards, many barangays have developed into largecommunties. The encomienda of 1604 shows that many affluent and powerful coastal barangaysin Sulu, Butuan, Panay,[3] Leyte and Cebu, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Pasig, Laguna, and CagayanRiver were flourishing trading centers. Some of these barangays had large populations. In Panay,some barangays had 20,000 inhabitants; in Leyte (Baybay), 15,000 inhabitants; in Cebu, 3,500residents; in Vitis (Pampanga), 7,000 inhabitants; Pangsinan, 4,000 residents. There were smallerbarangays with less number of people. But these were generally inland communities; or if theywere coastal, they were not located in areas which were good for business pursuits.[4] Thesesmaller barangays had around thirty to one hundred houses only, and the population varies fromone hundred to five hundred persons. According to Legazpi, he found communities with twentyto thirty people only.Theories, as well as local oral traditions,[5] say that the original “barangays” were coastalsettlements formed as a result of the migration of these Malayo-Polynesian people (who came tothe archipelago) by boat from other places in Southeast Asia (see chiefdom). Most of the ancient
  4. 4. barangays were coastal or riverine in nature. This is because most of the people were relying onfishing for supply of protein and for their livelihood. They also travelled mostly by water up anddown rivers, and along the coasts. Trails always followed river systems, which were also a majorsource of water for bathing, washing, and drinking.A golden belt found in Butuan Archeological Digs - a testimony of the wealth and power of theprecolonial civilization in Butuan.The coastal barangays were more accessible to trade with foreigners. These were ideal places foreconomic activity to develop. Business with traders from other Countries also meant contact withother cultures and civilizations, such as those of Japan, Han Chinese, Indian people, and Arabpeople.[6] These coastal communities acquired more cosmopolitan cultures, with developed socialstructures (sovereign principalities), ruled by established royalties and nobilities.During the Spanish rule in the Archipelga, smaller ancient barangays were combined to formtowns. Every barangay within a town was headed by the cabeza de barangay (barangay chief),who formed part of the Principalía - the elite ruling class of the municipalities of the SpanishPhilippines. This position was inherited from the first datus, and came to be known as suchduring the Spanish regime. The Spanish Monarch ruled each barangay through the Cabeza, whoalso collected taxes (called tribute) from the residents for the Spanish Crown.When the Americans arrived, the term barrio went into prominence, as the barangays werecalled by that name. The term was kept for much of the twentieth century until PresidentFerdinand Marcos ordered the renaming of barrios back to barangays. The name has stuck eversince, though some people still use the old term. The Municipal Council was abolished upontransfer of powers to the barangay system. Marcos used to call the barangay part of Philippineparticipatory democracy. Most of his writings involving the New Society which he envisioned,praised the role of baranganic democracy in nation-building.After the EDSA Revolution and the drafting of the 1987 Constitution, the Municipal Councilwas restored, making the barangay the smallest unit of government in Philippine politics.[edit] Organization
  5. 5. The modern barangay is headed by an elected official, the Punong Barangay (barangaychairman/captain), who is aided by Sangguniang Barangay (Barangay Council) members(barangay kagawads or councilors), also elected. Barangay elections, while non-partisan onpaper, are typically hotly contested. The barangay captain is via simple plurality (no runoffvoting) while the councilors are elected via plurality-at-large voting with the entire barangay as asingle at-large district: each voter can vote up to seven candidates, with the seven candidateswith the most number of votes being elected. Typically, a ticket usually consists of one candidatefor barangay captain and seven candidates for the councilors. Elections for the post of PunongBarangay and barangay kagawads are usually held every three years starting from 2007, unlesssuspended or postponed by Congress.The barangay is governed from the barangay hall. A barangay tanod/barangay police(watchman) forms policing functions within the barangay. The number of barangay tanods differfrom one barangay to another; they help maintain law and order in the neighborhoods throughoutthe Philippines.Barangays are led and governed by its barangay officials. The "barangay officials" areconsidered to be Local Government Unit (LGU), similarly to the Provincial and the MunicipalGovernment. Barangays are composed of a Punong Barangay, seven (7) Barangay Councilors orBarangay Kagawad, and a Youth Council or Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Chairman which isconsidered as a member of the Council. Thus, there are eight (8) members of the LegislativeCouncil in a barangay.[7] Each member has its own respective committee where they areChairmen of those committees. The Committees are the following: (1) Education Committee, (2)Peace and Order Committee, (3) Appropriations, Finance and Ways and Means Committee, (4)Health Committee, (5) Agriculture Committee, (6) Tourism Committee, (7) InfrastructureCommittee, and (8) Youth and Sports Committee. There are three (3) appointed members of eachcommittee. The Barangay Justice System is composed of members commonly known as "LuponTagapamayapa" (Justice of the peace) which function to conciliate and mediate disputes at theBarangay level so as to avoid legal action and relieve the courts of docket congestion.[edit] Other uses • There exists a union of barangays in the Philippines: the Liga ng mga Barangay (English: League of Barangays), more commonly referred to by its previous name, Association of Barangay Captains (ABC). Representing all 41,995 barangays, it is the largest grassroots organization in the Philippines. Its current president is Rico Judge "RJ" Echiverri, son of current Caloocan City Mayor Enrico Echiverri. • The term "barangay" may also refer to a very large number or group of people. An example is the name given to the supporters of the Ginebra San Miguel basketball team, Barangay Ginebra. In 1999, the team was renamed Barangay Ginebra Kings in homage to its fans.[edit] See also
  6. 6. • Barangay Health Volunteers • Balangay • Purok • Sitio[edit] Bibliography • Constantino, Renato. (1975) The Philippines: A Past Revisited (volume 1). ISBN 971-8958-00-2 • Mamuel Merino, O.S.A., ed., Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas (1565–1615), Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 1975.[edit] Notes 1. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code Summary. Accessed on March 22, 2007. 2. ^ Zaide, Sonia M. (1999), The Philippines: A Unique Nation, All-Nations Publishing, pp. 62, 420, ISBN 9716420714, citing Plasencia, Fray Juan de (1589), Customs of the Tagalogs, Nagcarlin, Laguna, %20Plasencia,%20Juan%20de ^ Junker, Laura Lee (2000), Raiding, Trading, and Feasting: The Political Economy of Philippine Chiefdoms, Ateneo de Manila University Press, pp. 74, 130, ISBN 9789715503471, ISBN 9715503470, ISBN 9789715503471. 3. ^ During the early part of the Spanish colonization of the Philippines the Spanish Augustinian Friar, Gaspar de San Agustín, O.S.A., describes Iloilo and Panay as one of the most populated islands in the archipelago and the most fertile of all the islands of the Philippines. He also talks about Iloilo, particularly the ancient settlement of Halaur, as site of a progressive trading post and a court of illustrious nobilities. The friar says: Es la isla de Panay muy parecida a la de Sicilia, así por su forma triangular come por su fertilidad y abundancia de bastimentos... Es la isla más poblada, después de Manila y Mindanao, y una de las mayores, por bojear más de cien leguas. En fertilidad y abundancia es en todas la primera... El otro corre al oeste con el nombre de Alaguer [Halaur], desembocando en el mar a dos leguas de distancia de Dumangas...Es el pueblo muy hermoso, ameno y muy lleno de palmares de cocos. Antiguamente era el emporio y corte de la más lucida nobleza de toda aquella isla...Mamuel Merino, O.S.A., ed., Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas (1565-1615), Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 1975, pp. 374-376. 4. ^ Cf. F. Landa Jocano, Filipino Prehistory: Rediscovering Precolonial Heritage (1998), pp. 157-158, 164 5. ^ Cf. Maragtas (book) 6. ^ The Cultural Influences of India, China, Arabia, and Japan 7. ^ "Local Government Code of the Philippines". Chan Robles Law Library.[edit] External links
  7. 7. • Katarungang Pambarangay Handbook• Liga ng mga Barangay (League of Barangays)• Liga ng mga Barangay NCR / Barangay Congress
  8. 8. v · d · ePolitical divisions of the PhilippinesCapitalManila • National Capital RegionAutonomous regionAutonomous Region in Muslim MindanaoProvincesA (Abra • Agusan del Norte • Agusan del Sur • Aklan • Albay • Antique • Apayao • Aurora) • B(Basilan • Bataan • Batanes • Batangas • Benguet • Biliran • Bohol • Bukidnon • Bulacan) • C(Cagayan • Camarines Norte • Camarines Sur • Camiguin • Capiz • Catanduanes • Cavite •Cebu • Compostela Valley • Cotabato) • D (Davao del Norte • Davao del Sur • Davao Oriental •Dinagat Islands) • E (Eastern Samar) • G (Guimaras) • I (Ifugao • Ilocos Norte • Ilocos Sur •Iloilo • Isabela) • K (Kalinga) • L (La Union • Laguna • Lanao del Norte • Lanao del Sur •Leyte) • M (Maguindanao • Marinduque • Masbate • Misamis Occidental • Misamis Oriental •Mountain Province) • N (Negros Occidental • Negros Oriental • Northern Samar • Nueva Ecija •Nueva Vizcaya) • O (Occidental Mindoro • Oriental Mindoro) • P (Palawan • Pampanga •Pangasinan) • Q (Quezon • Quirino) • R (Rizal • Romblon) • S (Samar • Sarangani • Siquijor •Sorsogon • South Cotabato • Southern Leyte • Sultan Kudarat • Sulu • Surigao del Norte •Surigao del Sur) • T (Tarlac • Tawi-Tawi) • Z (Zambales • Zamboanga del Norte • Zamboangadel Sur • Zamboanga Sibugay)Other subdivisionsIsland groups (Luzon • Visayas • Mindanao) • Regions • Cities • Municipalities • Barangays •Legislative districts
  9. 9. v · d · eTypes of administrative country subdivisionsSMALLCAPS indicate a type used by ten or more countries.Current English termsAlpine resort · Area (Insular area · Local government area · Special area · Urban (urbanized)area) · Bailiwick · Banner (Autonomous banner) · Block · BOROUGH (County borough ·Metropolitan borough) · CANTON · CAPITAL (Federal capital) · Circle · Circuit · CITY (Autonomouscity · Chartered city · Independent city · Rural city) · Colony · COMMUNE · Community(Autonomous community · Residential community) · Condominium · Constituency · COUNTY(Administrative county · Autonomous county · Metropolitan county) · DEPARTMENT · DISTRICT(Autonomous district · CAPITAL DISTRICT · City district · Federal district · Metropolitan district ·Municipal district · Subdistrict · Regional district) · Division (Cadastral division) · Duchy ·Eldership · Federal dependency · GOVERNORATE · Hamlet · MUNICIPALITY (Direct-controlledmunicipality · District municipality · Regional municipality · Regional county municipality ·Rural municipality · Specialized municipality) · Neighbourhood · PARISH (Civil parish) ·Periphery · Prefecture (Autonomous prefecture · Subprefecture · Super-prefecture) · Principality(Co-principality) · Protectorate · PROVINCE (Autonomous province) · Quarter · Regency · REGION(Autonomous region · CAPITAL REGION · Special administrative region) · Republic (Autonomousrepublic) · Reservation (Reserve) · Riding · Sector · Shire · STATE · Suzerainty · TERRITORY(Capital territory · Dependent territory · National territory · Union Territory) · Unit (Autonomousterritorial unit · Local administrative unit) · TOWN · Townland · TOWNSHIP (Civil township) ·VILLAGE (Summer village) · WARDCurrent non-Englishand loanword termsAmt · ARRONDISSEMENT · Bairro · Bakhsh · Baladiyah · Barangay · Bezirk / Regierungsbezirk ·Comarca · Comune · Daïra · Deme · Frazione · Freguesia · Gmina · Gemeinde · İl · Județ ·Kelurahan · Kommun · Kunta · Località · Mahalle · Megye · Muban · Nome · Oblast · Okrug(Autonomous okrug) · Ostān · Poblacion · Powiat · Purok · Raion · Ranchería · Shabiyah ·Shahr · Shahrestān · Sitio · Sýsla · Taluka · Tehsil · Vingtaine · Voivodeship · Wilayah · WoredaDefunct and historicalEnglish termsAgency · Barony · Burgh · Diocese · Exarchate · Free imperial city · Hide · Hundred · Imperial
  10. 10. v · d · eArticles on fourth-level administrative divisions of countriesBelgium · Peoples Republic of China · Democratic Republic of the Congo · France · Germany ·Greece · Indonesia · Japan · Kenya · Mali · Peru · Philippines · Senegal · Thailand · Ukraine ·United KingdomTable of administrative country subdivisions by country
  11. 11. v·d·e Philippines topicsHistoryPrehistory · Spanish colonial period · Battle of Mactan · Manila Galleon · Spanish East Indies ·Philippine revolts against Spain · Philippine Revolution · Philippine Declaration ofIndependence · First Republic · Philippine-American War · American colonial period · Tydings-McDuffie Act · Commonwealth of the Philippines · World War II · Second Republic · ThirdRepublic · Marcos era · 1986 People Power Revolution · 2001 EDSA Revolution · EDSA III ·Fifth RepublicGeographyIsland groups · Administrative divisions · Regions · Provinces · Cities · Municipalities ·Barangays · Bays · Islands · Lakes · Mountains · Peninsulas · Rivers · Volcanoes ·Environmental issues · Water supply and sanitation · Tourism · LandmarksGovernanceConstitution · President (Cabinet) · Vice President · Executive departments · Congress (Senate ·House) · Supreme Court · Military · Law enforcement · Foreign relationsPoliticsPolitical parties · Elections · Liberalism · Human rightsEconomyCompanies · Central Bank · Philippine peso · Stock Exchange · Transportation ·Communications · Fiscal policy
  12. 12. Retrieved from ""Categories: • Types of country subdivisions • Barangays of the Philippines • Subdivisions of the Philippines • Philippine culture • Philippine society • Human habitats • Tagalog words and phrasesPersonal tools • Log in / create accountNamespaces • Article • DiscussionVariantsViews • Read • Edit • View historyActionsSearchNavigation • Main page • Contents • Featured content • Current events • Random article • Donate to WikipediaInteraction • Help
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