Renewable Nc


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Presentation to State, Federal agenices, small businesses and such to discuss transmisson and the reliability of the grid.

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  • Renewable Nc

    1. 1. “ Making Energy Work” Renewable Energy Portfolio & Reliability Panel North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association February 3, 2009 Julia A. Souder
    2. 2. About NERC: Mission <ul><li>Develop & enforce reliability standards </li></ul><ul><li>Assess current and future reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze system events & recommend improved practices </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage active participation by all stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Pursue mandatory standards across North America </li></ul>To ensure the reliability of the North American bulk power system
    3. 3. 2007 & 2008 Emerging Issue Recap
    4. 4. Current Climate Initiatives <ul><li>40 U.S. States and all Canadian Provinces are involved in some form of climate change initiative. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Key Objective: Address Fuel Switching <ul><li>Early retirements & environmental dispatching of coal plants reduces available capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Gas delivery concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Gas as base load generation </li></ul>Past Capacity Announcements vs. Actual Implementation U.S. Coal-Fired Generation
    6. 6. Key Objective: Support Transmission <ul><li>Climate objectives cannot be fulfilled without focus on transmission </li></ul><ul><li>“Clean Energy Superhighway” needed </li></ul><ul><li>System planning must take a “continental” view </li></ul>Source: EPRI & NREL <ul><li>Wind Availability Compared to Demand Centers </li></ul><ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Blue indicates areas with high wind potential, </li></ul><ul><li>Brown indicates large demand centers, and </li></ul><ul><li>Green indicates areas with little wind potential and </li></ul><ul><li>smaller demand centers </li></ul>
    7. 7. Transmission Needed NERC-Wide Total Existing & Planned Lines: MVA-1000 Miles
    8. 8. Key Objective: Demand-Side Resources <ul><li>Manage Demand Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of Variable Generation </li></ul>U.S. peak demand projected to grow by 17% by 2018
    9. 9. Key Objective: Decision on U.S. Policy <ul><li>Regulatory certainty needed to enable resource development </li></ul><ul><li>Can result in great improvements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New generation technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversified fuel mix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthened & “smarter” grid </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Wind Projected to Grow <ul><li>145,000 MW of wind to be added in coming 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forecasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transmission </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. 2008/09 Winter Wind Generation Grows <ul><li>Capacity available on peak ranges from 8.7% to 26% </li></ul>
    12. 12. Modernized Grid – Integration Key <ul><li>“ Smart Grids” can support reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Variable Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Demand response </li></ul><ul><li>Large deployment of sensor & automation technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative applications of electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber-Security vital </li></ul>
    13. 13. Components to the Intelligent Network – Many are focused in vertical silos Circuit Transformers AMI Load Management <ul><li>Capacitor Bank Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Predictive Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Security (Video/Audio) </li></ul><ul><li>Load Management </li></ul><ul><li>OMS/DMS </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband over Power Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced SCADA </li></ul><ul><li>Mesh networks </li></ul><ul><li>Voltage Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Outage Detection </li></ul><ul><li>Theft Detection </li></ul><ul><li>Asset Failure Alarms </li></ul><ul><li>Smart substation </li></ul><ul><li>High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Cables </li></ul><ul><li>Underground Transmission </li></ul><ul><li>HTS Transformers </li></ul><ul><li>Real-Time Metering </li></ul><ul><li>TOU/CPP Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Outage Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Voltage Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Smart switch </li></ul><ul><li>Smart thermostat </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time DLC management and verification </li></ul><ul><li>Load profiling </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregation of curtailed load </li></ul>Generation <ul><li>Wind </li></ul><ul><li>Solar </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass </li></ul><ul><li>Biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon capture </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon cap and trade </li></ul><ul><li>Storage technology </li></ul><ul><li>Capacitors </li></ul>Consumer Portal
    14. 14. Integration of Variable Generation Task Force (IVGTF) Scope <ul><li>Task Force will prepare: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concepts document: philosophical & technical considerations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations: practices, requirements & reliability standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Document will include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning timeframe issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational Planning and Real-time Operating timeframe issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review NERC Standards for gaps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of future developments: i.e. storage, EHV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusions and recommendations </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Smart, Modern Grids and Reliability <ul><li>Planners can </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain Future Bulk Power System Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change how they design grids </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operators can </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage variability/uncertainty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-position systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulators can </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement formulas for cost allocation/cost recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide certainty & support transmission infrastructure siting, planning, construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible on innovative planning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educators/policy makers can </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote reliability as incorporating all components “fis” flexibility- integration- smart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell story with all pieces </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Emerging Issues <ul><ul><li>Greenhouse Gas Reductions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel Storage & Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rising Global Demand for Energy & Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased Demand-Side & Distributed Generation Resources </li></ul></ul>Transmission of the 21 st Century Limited Water Availability Mercury Regulation 1-5 Years 6-10 Years
    17. 17. Reliability Themes <ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart and Flexible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory Certainty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diverse Fuel Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Demand Side Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Interconnectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewables and Transmission </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Thank you [email_address] North American Electric Reliability Coordination Director, Inter-Governmental Relations, 202-393-3998