HARD LIGHT• This photograph shows hard light. –This is where there is no real naturallight so detail is lost in the face.• To create this photo I usedsomeones face so you can clearlysee how detail is lost in the face asthe skin appears dark and clearer.• I took this photo in a place wherethe sun was blocked creating ashadow on the face and taking.
SOFT LIGHT• This image is soft light. – this iswhere there is natural light so detailcan be seen in the face.• I created this image by taking aphotograph when the sun was outusing natural light that shows detailin the face and no shadows.
WHITE BALANCE • This photo shows white balance. – white balance is when you change the settings on the camera to create a different balance of light that gives a different effect on the final photograph. • The top photo is set on auto, which is the default setting. • The middle photo is set on shade – in this photo you can see it is similar to the top photo however it is darker and has shadows in it. • The bottom photo is set on tungsten – this setting gives the image a blue tint.
RULE OF THIRDS • This photo shows the rule of thirds. The rule of thirds is a way to balance the picture to give more interesting shots. • In this photo I used the rule of thirds grid to balance the photo so that the main subject of the image, the band stand, is in the centre of the photograph. • To take this photo I used my iPhone as you can change the settings so a grid appears.
RULE OF TRIANGLES• This image shows therule of triangles. Where inan image a naturaltriangle is created.• In this image I had twopeople kneeling downwith one person standingbehind them created anatural triangle betweenthe 3 heads which givesan image a more naturallook.• This image also appliesto the rule of odds.
THE RULE OF EVENS• This photo shows the ruleof evens. – a photo with aneven number of peoplecreates a less natural lookas it is just two people satnext to each other at thesame level.• I have created this imageby photographing twopeople sat down at thesame level.
THE RULE OF ODDS• This image shows the rule ofodds - with an odd number ofpeople in a photo it createsmore of a natural look.• I have created this image byhaving two people knelt downat a lower level, with oneperson standing up in themiddle.• This creates a triangle lookand appears more naturaland relaxed.
RULE OF SPACE• This photograph shows the rule ofspace.• I created this by going down to theseafront, where it has a good view, andtook a photo of someone standinglooking into the distance, with a widespace in most of the picture.• In the bottom photograph I used thelandscape of the countryside and hadthe subject looking into the space.
Symmetry• This photo shows symmetryas the picture is consistentlythe same on both sides.• I took this image byphotographing a flower bedthat is symmetrical throughout as the patterns are thesame on both sides of theimage. There are other thingsin this picture that make theimage not identicalsymmetry, like the van in thebackground, however theflower bed is identicallysymmetrical.• I also chose to take thisphoto as the path ways andbenches either side of theflower beds also becomespart of the symmetry.
DEPTH OF FIELD• This photo shows a small or shallow depth offield. – this is where one part if the photo is infocus with the rest of it out of focus.• I created this photo by changing the settingson my camera to focus on the barbed wire tomake the background out of focus.• With the barbed wire being in focus attentionis drawn to it immediately and you can see thedetail in it.• This photo shows large depth of field – thisis when the whole photograph is in focuswith no one main object.• I created this by keeping the normalsettings on the camera to take the photo soit doesnt focus in on one particular object.• For this photo you can see that thebackground is in focus as well as the barbedwire so there is not main subject in it.
PORTRAIT• This is a portrait photograph.– A portrait photo is an imageof person either on their own orin a group that focused on theirface and expresses somethingabout the subject.• I created this photo by againusing a persons head andshoulders to show that it isportrait and to also have theperson smiling to expresshappiness and staring into thedistance to give the image ameaning.
IMAGE MANIPULATION • Above is the original image and below is the image I have manipulated using Photoshop. • On Photoshop I cropped the image so that the image becomes mainly focused on the flowers and the symmetry. • I also changed the colour and balance of colours in this image to make the colours stand put and make the overall picture look brighter.
CREATIVE PHOTOSHOP To create the new image I used Photoshop. First of all I changed the brightness and contrast to make the face lighter to take out the defects in the face. Then I changed the camera filter and used the posterize tool to give the image a more cartoon effect. Then I deleted the background and put the image on top of a black background to make the image stand out.
HEALTH AND SAFETYHealth and safety is important in everything and even though their are not manydangers in a digital photography studio there are still things that need to belooked out for.• The wires – in a photography studio there is usually a lot of wires that could bea potential hazard for someone to trip over or spill water on that could cause anelectrical malfunction. This can be solved by the wires being taped to the floorand liquids being kept away from plug sockets.• The heat of the lights – as the lights are very bright and powerful and could beleft on for a while they can become hot. This potential hazard could be avoidedby simply warning everyone in the studio not to touch the lights directly as theycould be hot.• The flash of the camera – the camera flash can be very bright and coulddamage yours eyes if you look directly at it. This can be avoided by using theumbrellas to cover the flash.• Sharp Umbrellas – the ends of the umbrellas are sometimes sharp and if thescrews are loos the umbrella could potential fall on someone. This can beavoided by making sure the umbrella head is properly screwed in.• The camera stands and other stands being wobbly – the stands need to be on aflat surface or need to be taped down to avoid them falling over and onto
STUDIO LIGHTING SET UP The studio lighting set up in a photography set is very important to get the best possible photograph. There are a number of different lights that need to be set up correctly to ensure the correct photograph taking environment. The different types of lights are: • The Key light – this is the main source of light that is directed at the subject. • The Fill light – this light is to the side of the subject to balance out the key light and to balance out shadows. • The Hair light – this light is up high and points down on the subject separating it from the background and giving the photo a more 3D effect. • The umbrella – this defuses light.