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  1. 1. VIDEO<br />In the post war years reconstruction of the city soon began. The city is quite avant-garde concerning its industries and it leads the development of the whole country. The great waves of immigration from the south to the north and mass production mark the development especially of the automobile industry, but also other sectors. Turin is not only an industrial city, but also a social workshop and the city soon becomes the productive heart of the whole country. <br />In the sixties great architects like Nervi or Mollino start giving a new aspect to the city. In 1961 Turin has more than 1,000,000 inhabitants and on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Italian Unification they project all the area along the banks of the river Po with modern buildings which still stand today. In the late sixties the struggles of workers and students cause some conflicts and at the same time important changes both in the factories and in social behaviour.<br />The seventies see the beginning of a new industrial era linked to the new dynamics of world economy, concerning new technology and production in the factories. <br />In the eighties the crisis of the industrial process hits Turin. The Lingotto plant, heart of FIAT industry which was opened in 1923, closes in 1982. <br />The city starts wondering about its identity. Once again its future will depend on its reshaping. Starting in the nineties Turin is involved in a new reconstruction aiming at a new position on both a national and international level because of changes due to the globalization of markets and new information technologies. In 1994 Lingotto, redesigned by Renzo Piano, becomes a new venue for congresses and concerts as well as the cultural symbol of the new Torino hosting the major international events of the city.<br />In the last 10 years Turin is the Italian city which has undergone more radical changes and in this way its urban planning has been upgraded. It has also created new centres of activity. Moreover it has lost the plain colour which previously characterized its buildings in the last century and it has developed a new system of roles and functions. It still remains the city of car production and technology, but it has a more attractive multi-face role thanks to the combined efforts of its industrial and service systems. Moreover its human resources are richer and more varied and are favoured by the cultural offer and an improved quality of life.<br />The 2006 Winter Olympics disclosed a surprising city to the world, not only to the ones who didn’t know where Turin was, but also to those who already knew it and its success was the first important step of its radical transformation. <br />Thanks to the promotion of the city’s historical and cultural heritage, Turin has become a tourist destination able to mix both its cultural offer and its organizational and welcoming skills. Reaching a new position in the international tourist circuit, in 2008 Turin was awarded the three Michelin stars, becoming a not-to-be-missed tourist destination in Northern Italy according to the world-famous green guidebook. This is the present..<br />These are the elements of today’s Turin, part of a plan called “Torino Internazionale”, which since 2000 has been identifying the developing vision and the action to be taken to make Turin a really international city again.<br />At the moment our city is hosting both the European Youth Forum and the exhibition of the Holy Shroud which will last until late May. Two million pilgrims are expected to visit the city in this period and Turin will have to face problems of sustainable tourism connected to the presence of so many people. <br />