Romania history


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Romania history

  1. 1. Romania in Europe
  2. 2. Summary Geography History Politics and Administration A Charming Country
  3. 3. Romania in Europe <ul><li>Romania is situated in the South-East of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>43-37'07&quot; and 48-15'06&quot; Northern latitude </li></ul><ul><li>20-15'44&quot; and 29-41'24&quot; Eastern latitude </li></ul><ul><li>It occupies 237.500 km²,having a population of over 23 millions </li></ul>Next
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Carpathians form a mountainous arch in the center of the country, bordered both inwards and outwards with hills and plateaus. </li></ul><ul><li>Over one quarter of the country is forested, and the fauna here is one of the richest in Europe including wolves, bears, deer, lynx and chamois. </li></ul><ul><li>The majestic Danube, which forms the Southern border of the country, flows into the Black Sea making a delta . The Delta is a paradise with many species of birds. </li></ul><ul><li>Romania has borders with Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine. </li></ul>
  5. 5. History <ul><li>The Romanian territory has been inhabited since the Paleolithic. </li></ul><ul><li>The ancient Romans are the Dacians, fierce warriors, who defeated the </li></ul><ul><li>Romans under the Emperor Traian, after two particularly </li></ul><ul><li>difficult campaigns at the beginning of the 2 nd century AD. Although the Roman occupation was relatively short-term (165 years), it </li></ul><ul><li>left a century-old heritage: the Latin language which survived </li></ul><ul><li>numerous invasions of migratory peoples. </li></ul><ul><li>Over time the Romans developed national identity, leading to </li></ul><ul><li>the formation of the Romanian feudal states-Valahia and </li></ul><ul><li>Moldova, in the 13 th - 14 th centuries. In both countries centuries of struggle against the Turks followed. During this time, </li></ul><ul><li>Transylvania was successively occupied by the Ottoman Empire and the </li></ul><ul><li>Austro-Hungarian Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, Moldova and Valahia unified in 1859, leading to the country’s independence in 1877, and the union with Transylvania in 1918. </li></ul><ul><li>The communist regime after the World War II lasted 45 years and was overthrown by the Revolution of December 1989. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Politics and Public Administration <ul><li>According to the constitution adopted in 1991, Romania </li></ul><ul><li>is a republic with a bicameral parliament. The Senators and Deputies are elected once every four years by universal secret ballot. </li></ul><ul><li>The national flag is red, yellow and blue. Romania's </li></ul><ul><li>national holiday is December the 1 st when, in 1918 the </li></ul><ul><li>Romanian national unitary state was founded. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romanian territory is divided into 40 counties </li></ul><ul><li>administered by prefects, mayors of municipalities, the towns </li></ul><ul><li>and villages being under the administration of the county. Bucharest, the capital, has its own administration, </li></ul><ul><li>similar to the counties. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A charming country <ul><li> Legends like that of Count Dracula, </li></ul><ul><li>or the authentic history of Romania are many fascinating relics of the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Such evidence can be found in </li></ul><ul><li>Transylvanian wooden churches with pointed roofs. </li></ul>Romanian Natural Beauties
  8. 8. The Danube Delta <ul><li>This amazing land of water shelters more </li></ul><ul><li>than three hundred species of birds and </li></ul><ul><li>countless fish species, from sturgeon to carp </li></ul><ul><li>and perch, while the 1150 variety of plant </li></ul><ul><li>species range from lianas on tree trunks, </li></ul><ul><li>woven in oak forests to water lilies. </li></ul><ul><li>It is no wonder that UNESCO designated </li></ul><ul><li>the Danube Delta as a &quot;Biosphere Reservation&quot;. </li></ul>Our Mountains
  9. 9. Romanian Mountains Nera Creek Balea Lake Ochiul Beului Lake The Frozen Lake, Parang The Fagaras Mountains You can find adventure, wildness, silence…