Local food environments

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Local food environments

  1. 1. What About Local Food Environments and BMI?<br />Zick et al., 2009<br />
  2. 2. Research Goal<br />Develop a more complete picture of the linkages between neighborhood characteristics and residents’ risk of obesity<br />Using data from the Utah Population Database<br />
  3. 3. The Sample<br />Licensed drivers age 25-64<br />Living in Salt Lake County<br />Excluded underweight (BMI<18.5)<br />296,806 females<br />240,541 males<br />
  4. 4. Measures of Local Food Environment Diversity (BG)<br />
  5. 5. The Impact of Having Only Healthy Grocery Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese <br />
  6. 6. The Impact of Having Only Convenience Store Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese <br />
  7. 7. The Impact of Having Only Full Service Restaurant Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese<br />
  8. 8. The Impact of Having Only Fast Food Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese<br />
  9. 9. The Impact of Having Multiple Types of Food Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese<br />
  10. 10. Conclusions?<br />Neighborhood diversity is associated with overweight/obesity risk and may be a particularly important factor for individuals living in poor neighborhoods<br />Implications for…<br />New urbanism<br />Public policies directed at increasing neighborhood diversity<br />

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