Chapter 5, Section 4 Kings and Popes
KEY TERMS <ul><li>Chapter 5.4 </li></ul>
<ul><li>Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Where have you heard the term nation? </li></ul><ul><li>… one  nation  under god, with li...
Magna Carta
<ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Pronounced </li></ul><ul><li>Par </li></ul><ul><li>La </li></ul><ul><li>ment </li></ul>
Kings gain Power <ul><li>As feudalism declines, power shifts from feudal lords, to kings. </li></ul><ul><li>Kings become m...
NATION <ul><li>Your book defines a  nation   as a community that shares a government. </li></ul><ul><li>A more in-depth de...
England’s Government  - Monarchy King John of England (1155-1216)
King John <ul><li>King John was one of the villains in Robin Hood.  </li></ul><ul><li>He is referred to as Prince John in ...
The nobles revolted
YOU NEED TO KNOW THIS DATE <ul><li>1215 </li></ul><ul><li>I WILL NOT REQUIRE YOU TO KNOW THE MONTH AND DAY BUT FOR THE FIR...
In 1215, Nobles demand a meeting with the King <ul><li>Never before had anyone successfully demanded anything of the King....
King John Is Unpopular
MAGNA CARTA <ul><li>King John is forced to sign  The Magna Carta. </li></ul><ul><li>The Magna Carta  (Great Document) is t...
Magna Carta <ul><li>The Magna Carta is the first document which states the rights of the people </li></ul><ul><li>These ri...
Parliament <ul><li>The Magna Carta paved the way for a new form of government,  Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>For the firs...
How Does The Magna Carta effect us today?
Basis of English and United States law as well as the Bill of Rights
Hundred Years’ War
I.  1337-1453  – War between France and England over control of each others throne  -  Fought mainly in France
How long did the Hundred Years War Last? <ul><li>Started 1338 </li></ul><ul><li>Ended 1453 </li></ul><ul><li>115 YEARS </l...
1.  Joan of Arc  – 1429 – a French peasant girl believed God had told her free France from England
A.  Joan of Arc led the French army into battle and won the Battle at Orleans, freeing France from England
B.  Later she was captured in battle and tried for being a heretic (someone whose beliefs went against those of the Cathol...
A.  RESULT  – Weakened church even further C.  She was condemned as a witch and a heretic (she claimed to hear voices).  S...
2.  French knights were helpless against the longbow during the Hundred Years’ War.  This brought an end to the power/pres...
<ul><li>Results of the Hundred Years’ War  –  •decrease in chivalry and   knighthood due to   longbow </li></ul>
<ul><li>Results of the Hundred Years’ War  –  •increase in French power –   monarchy </li></ul>
<ul><li>Results of the Hundred Years’ War  –  •Created a feeling of   nationalism (a sense of   loyalty and pride in one’s...
The end of the Hundred Years’ War (1453)  is considered the end of the Middle Ages.  It is the end of: Age of Chivalry Age...
Three-Field System Fallow Fallow Fallow
CAUSE EFFECT Invention of the Longbow
Early Middle Ages (500-1000) Later Middle Ages (1000-1500) 7 Characteristics 7 Characteristics
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Magna Carta

4,611 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,611
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
21
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
44
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Magna Carta

  1. 1. Chapter 5, Section 4 Kings and Popes
  2. 2. KEY TERMS <ul><li>Chapter 5.4 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Where have you heard the term nation? </li></ul><ul><li>… one nation under god, with liberty and justice for all </li></ul>
  4. 4. Magna Carta
  5. 5. <ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Pronounced </li></ul><ul><li>Par </li></ul><ul><li>La </li></ul><ul><li>ment </li></ul>
  6. 6. Kings gain Power <ul><li>As feudalism declines, power shifts from feudal lords, to kings. </li></ul><ul><li>Kings become main authority in their kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Common language and culture gives rise to Nations </li></ul>
  7. 7. NATION <ul><li>Your book defines a nation as a community that shares a government. </li></ul><ul><li>A more in-depth definition would be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation : A relatively large group of people organized under a single, usually independent government; a country </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. England’s Government - Monarchy King John of England (1155-1216)
  9. 9. King John <ul><li>King John was one of the villains in Robin Hood. </li></ul><ul><li>He is referred to as Prince John in many versions including Disney’s Robin Hood. </li></ul><ul><li>Something King John did affects our lives still today. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The nobles revolted
  11. 11. YOU NEED TO KNOW THIS DATE <ul><li>1215 </li></ul><ul><li>I WILL NOT REQUIRE YOU TO KNOW THE MONTH AND DAY BUT FOR THE FIRST TIME THIS YEAR </li></ul><ul><li>YOU MUST KNOW THE YEAR </li></ul>
  12. 12. In 1215, Nobles demand a meeting with the King <ul><li>Never before had anyone successfully demanded anything of the King. </li></ul><ul><li>As in Robin Hood, King John taxes the people heavily, takes church property and is very harsh to his people </li></ul>
  13. 13. King John Is Unpopular
  14. 14. MAGNA CARTA <ul><li>King John is forced to sign The Magna Carta. </li></ul><ul><li>The Magna Carta (Great Document) is the first time a King’s powers have been limited by the law of the land. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Magna Carta <ul><li>The Magna Carta is the first document which states the rights of the people </li></ul><ul><li>These rights include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles cannot be jailed without cause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles cannot be taxed without consent or representation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of a council of advisors ( Parliament) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Parliament <ul><li>The Magna Carta paved the way for a new form of government, Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>For the first time, people had a say in the government besides the King. </li></ul><ul><li>England (Great Britain/United Kingdom) still has a monarch today (Queen Elizabeth) but their power has been limited since the Magna Carta. </li></ul>
  17. 17. How Does The Magna Carta effect us today?
  18. 18. Basis of English and United States law as well as the Bill of Rights
  19. 19. Hundred Years’ War
  20. 20. I. 1337-1453 – War between France and England over control of each others throne - Fought mainly in France
  21. 21. How long did the Hundred Years War Last? <ul><li>Started 1338 </li></ul><ul><li>Ended 1453 </li></ul><ul><li>115 YEARS </li></ul>
  22. 22. 1. Joan of Arc – 1429 – a French peasant girl believed God had told her free France from England
  23. 23. A. Joan of Arc led the French army into battle and won the Battle at Orleans, freeing France from England
  24. 24. B. Later she was captured in battle and tried for being a heretic (someone whose beliefs went against those of the Catholic Church)
  25. 25. A. RESULT – Weakened church even further C. She was condemned as a witch and a heretic (she claimed to hear voices). She was tied to a stake and burned to death.
  26. 26. 2. French knights were helpless against the longbow during the Hundred Years’ War. This brought an end to the power/prestige of knights and the Age of Chivalry
  27. 27. <ul><li>Results of the Hundred Years’ War – •decrease in chivalry and knighthood due to longbow </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Results of the Hundred Years’ War – •increase in French power – monarchy </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Results of the Hundred Years’ War – •Created a feeling of nationalism (a sense of loyalty and pride in one’s country) in France </li></ul>
  30. 30. The end of the Hundred Years’ War (1453) is considered the end of the Middle Ages. It is the end of: Age of Chivalry Age of Faith Age of Feudalism
  31. 31. Three-Field System Fallow Fallow Fallow
  32. 32. CAUSE EFFECT Invention of the Longbow
  33. 33. Early Middle Ages (500-1000) Later Middle Ages (1000-1500) 7 Characteristics 7 Characteristics

×