Jw Crusades

1,807 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,807
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
174
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
32
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Jw Crusades

  1. 1. THE CRUSADES
  2. 2. THE CONCEPT OF A UNITED CHRISTENDOM MEANT THAT LOYALTY TO THE ________ CAME BEFORE LOYALTY TO THE GOVERNMENT. Catholic Church
  3. 3. EUROPE 1000-1100
  4. 4. NOVEMBER 18, 1095-CLERMONT FRANCE <ul><li>“ You Common people who have been miserable sinners, become soldiers of Christ! </li></ul><ul><li>You nobles, do not [quarrel] with one another. </li></ul><ul><li>Use your arms in a just war! Labor for everlasting reward.” </li></ul>Pope Urban II calls the crusades
  5. 6. CRUSADE <ul><li>The word “crusade” is from the Latin word for cross “crux”. </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the name of these battles originate from the word for cross? </li></ul><ul><li>It was supposed to be a religious battle </li></ul>
  6. 7. WHO ARE THE SELJUKS? <ul><li>The Seljuks were a group of Turks who became Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>Originating in Central Asia, they moved into Southwest Asia. </li></ul>
  7. 8. QUESTIONS <ul><li>What is Southwest Asia better known as? </li></ul><ul><li>The Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>What is located in The Middle East? </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Lands of the Islamic, Christian and Jewish Religion </li></ul>
  8. 9. WHAT CITIES ARE HOLY TO ISLAM? <ul><li>Mecca </li></ul>
  9. 10. WHAT CITIES ARE HOLY TO ISLAM? <ul><li>Medina </li></ul>
  10. 11. WHAT CITIES ARE HOLY TO ISLAM? <ul><li>Jerusalem </li></ul>
  11. 12. WHAT MIDDLE EASTERN CITY IS HOLY TO CHRISTIANITY? <ul><li>Jerusalem </li></ul>
  12. 13. WHAT MIDDLE EASTERN CITY IS HOLY TO JUDAISM <ul><li>Jerusalem </li></ul>
  13. 14. WHY MIGHT THERE BE CONFLICT HERE? <ul><li>This picture shows holy sites of three of the world’s </li></ul><ul><li>Major religions. This picture is of an area .35 square miles </li></ul><ul><li>In comparison, Hackensack is 4.1 square miles. </li></ul>
  14. 15. PILGRIMAGES <ul><li>In Chapter one we talked about The Hajj, the pillar of Islam that commands Muslims to visit Mecca at least once in their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Other religions have pilgrimages as well </li></ul>
  15. 16. CHRISTIAN PILGRIMAGES <ul><li>Christians of the 11 th Century wanted to make a pilgrimage to The Church of The Holy Sepulcher, the spot which they believed that Jesus was buried. </li></ul>
  16. 17. TURKS ATTACK PILGRIMS
  17. 18. TURKS BEGIN TO ATTACK PILGRIMS <ul><li>European Christian Pilgrims on their way to Jerusalem begin to be attacked by Turks. </li></ul><ul><li>This is in direct violation with Muslim beliefs about Christianity. </li></ul>
  18. 19. ISLAMIC TEACHING <ul><li>How does Islam regard Christianity? </li></ul><ul><li>Islam regards Christians and Jews as “People of The Book” meaning that they all worshipped similarly </li></ul>
  19. 20. URBAN II LAUNCHES CRUSADES
  20. 21. WAS RELIGION THE ONLY REASON FOR CRUSADES? <ul><li>No, Europeans wanted control of the key trade routes between Africa, Asia and Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>The church also wanted the riches of the Byzantine Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Where does the divide between The Church and The Byzantine Empire from? </li></ul><ul><li>The divide between The Church and The Byzantines comes from the split in The Roman Empire. The Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Empire and The Church was from the Western Empire. </li></ul>
  21. 23. THE PEOPLE’S CRUSADE <ul><li>Before Urban II’s First Crusade, a group of peasants made an unorganized attempt to take Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>Their disorganization and lack of preparation meant that few survived. </li></ul><ul><li>At left, Peter the Hermit, organizer of The People’s Crusade </li></ul>
  22. 24. CRUSADES BEGIN <ul><li>Knights reach Constantinople and treat The Byzantines badly. They then turn their attention to Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>The First Crusade takes Jerusalem killing 10,000. </li></ul>
  23. 25. MANY GO OFF TO JOIN THE CRUSADES <ul><li>Included in those who join The Crusades are Richard The Lionhearted, King of England. </li></ul><ul><li>In Richard’s place, his brother John rules England. </li></ul><ul><li>What famous story takes place while King Richard is off at The Crusades? </li></ul>
  24. 26. CONTROL OF JERUSALEM GOES BACK AND FORTH <ul><li>The later crusades had control of Jerusalem going back and forth between The Muslims and The Christians . </li></ul>
  25. 27. SALADIN CAPTURES JERUSALEM <ul><li>The Great Muslim Leader, Saladin captures Jerusalem for good in 1187. </li></ul><ul><li>King Richard of England asks Saladin to return Jerusalem to the Christians, he refuses saying… </li></ul>
  26. 28. SALADIN’S RESPONSE TO RICHARD I <ul><li>“ To us Jerusalem is as precious…as it is to you, because it is the place where our Prophet [Muhammad] made his journey by night to heaven…Do not dream that we will give it up to you.” </li></ul>
  27. 29. SALADIN ALLOWS CHRISTIANS TO VISIT JERUSALEM AND THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY SEPULCHER <ul><li>Saladin entrusts 2 families to open The Church of The Holy Sepulcher every day so that Christians may visit </li></ul><ul><li>The Joudeh family was entrusted with the key and the Nussiebeh family was entrusted with unlocking the door. </li></ul><ul><li>Members of these families have unlocked the doors every day since 1192 </li></ul><ul><li>How many years is that? </li></ul><ul><li>816 </li></ul>
  28. 30. EVALUATE THE CRUSADES <ul><li>Were they a success? </li></ul><ul><li>YES </li></ul><ul><li>Christians were given access to The Holy Land, even if they did not control it </li></ul><ul><li>Christians also gained new products and sources of trade </li></ul><ul><li>NO </li></ul><ul><li>The Crusades did not accomplish their goal of capturing and controlling the Holy City of Jerusalem </li></ul>
  29. 31. WHY JOIN THE CRUSADE? <ul><li>What types of things do you think people were told to get them to join The Crusades? </li></ul><ul><li>What reasons do you think people used for joining The Crusades? </li></ul><ul><li>What could get you to join a Crusade, religious or otherwise? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think you could get people to join a Crusade? </li></ul>
  30. 32. CREATE YOUR OWN CRUSADE <ul><li>Working with a partner, use the materials provided by Mr. Wexler to create a poster convincing people to join a crusade. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the examples given on the board, or your own idea on what you want people to join you on a crusade for. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember, be persuasive. You are trying to get people to give something up in order to join you on this crusade </li></ul>

×