Experiments conducted History Medical issuesProcess World viewReligious issues Pros and Cons Federal and governmental regulations
History of Cloning: South Korean scientists create several Robert Briggs and Thomas J. Robert Briggs and Thomas J. cloned human embryos which they only allowed to develop for a short while – just King successfully King successfully long enough to extract embryonic stem cloned tadpoles by nuclear transfer. cloned tadpoles by nuclear transfer. cells which could be used in the treatment of disease. .The worlds first ever successful animal cloning The worlds first ever cloned The worlds first ever cloned experiment. mammal. human embryo. 1952 1996 2004
Experiments conducted: Failed Experiments 1999 Dec. 2002 A company called Clonaid announced that they Scientists secretly placed successfully cloned the a human cloned embryo first human. Experts say into a pig. The cell only it is impossible for the lived to be 32 days old. company to clone a human due to inadequate technology.
Human cloning experiments in 2009 Wednesday, 22 April 2009 Fertility expert: I can clone a human being Panayiotis Zavos, a fertility doctor, claimed he has cloned 14 human embryos and implanted 11 of them into four women. The experiment was conducted in a secret laboratory most likely in th Middle East. He personally owns fertility clinics in Kentucky and Cyprus. None of the women became pregnant but the doctor indicated that this was just the “first chapter” for his ongoing attempts to produce a cloned baby from parent’s skin cells.
Future of Human Cloning No one truly knows the future of human cloning, but many believe models will be cloned to make designer babies. It is highly probable that a cloned human being lives among us now. You might read breaking headlines about cloning but most of those are A few years behind. Some say they just discovered a new process to human cloning in 2010, but in reality it was completed in 2005. In 2001, there was such a stir in the human cloning idea that hundreds of scientist did their work with out anyone knowing. Thousands of dollars, eggs, adult cells ect. have been donated to human cloning research. As citizens of the world we can not ignore scientific research, but instead regulate it. “Either we control gene technology today, or technology will redesign us by tomorrow.”
Remove nucleus Process of Cloning: Human egg donor Donor eggRemove cells from person Egg fused to be cloned Cell with cell Fuse cell and enucleated Embryo egg with electricity Implant embryo Surrogate into mother surrogate with mother cloned baby
Religious issues "God is the Creator of all life. Period." “Playing God” “Not Unique” Some people believe that cloning People believe human cloning takes is similar to playing God. away from an They believe that God should be the Individual being unique and stressescreator of all living and natural things. "Creating human life is Gods job, and His development Psychological and social alone" “Reverence for life” “No Soul” "We are not the creator, only the creation." It is believed that a human has the right for the full human development in a natural Some religious people believe that if you clone environment and that the human embryo a human being it has no soul. should be left alone after the 14th day of fertilization."The breath of life is given to us by God - not by scientists splicing genes in a lab." "As a Christian, I feel that cloning is morally wrong. The only person who should grant a life is God."
Medical issues •Possible miscarriage or still birth •Deformities •Unforeseen deaths in later life of the clone •Health risks from mutated genes •Developmental delays •Lung problems •Heart defects •Neurological disorders •Unstable immune system
Some State Cloning Laws Arizona Arkansas Iowa Michigan MissouriBans the use of Prohibits Prohibits any Prohibits any Prohibits state public monies reproductive type of cloning. type of cloning. funds to be for and therapeutic used for cloningreproductive or cloning on embryos for therapeutic newborns cloning. Maryland South Dakota North Dakota Connecticut California Prohibits Prohibits any Prohibits any Prohibits Prohibits reproductive reproductive reproductive cloning but type of cloning. type of cloning. and therapeutic cloning but permits cloning cloning permits cloning for research. for research.
Pros and Cons Pros Cons •Weaken diversity & ability of•Cloned body parts can serve adaptation as backup systems for humans •Production of undesirable traits•Solution to infertility •Technical & economic barriers:•Combat genetic diseases cost effective? Reach the•Replicate animals for research common man? purposes •Invites malpractices into society•Enable alterations of plants & •Human & animals rights at stake animals. •Ethical & moral principles•Produce people with desirable •Undermining human life traits •Devalue mankind •Human’s acting as God
Some other World views Prohibits: any type of human cloning Canada That would duplicate a human being Prohibits: : “Any manipulation or alteration of an Costa Rica embryo’s genetic code is prohibited, as is any kind of experimentation with embryos.” Prohibits: financing, promotion, donating, Panama experiments research of any kind of cloning. Prohibits:: “experiments concerning Argentina cloning of human cells in order to generate human beings .” United Kingdom Prohibits: Placing a human embryo into a woman (other then for fertilization).
Works cited: Leon Kass and James Q. Wilson, 1998. The Ethics of Human Cloning. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute Author Unknown. 2003. The Future of Human Cloning: Ethics-Progress-Politics. http://www.globalchange.com/clonech.htm NCSL, West Group. January 2008. National Conference of State Legislatures: State Human Cloning Laws. http://www.ncsl.org/programs/health/Genetics/rt-shcl.htm Oak, Manali. 8/26/2008. Pros and Cons of Cloning from Buzzle.com. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-cloning.html Roario Isasi, JD, MPH. 2005. Database of Global Policies on Human and Germ-line Engineering. http://www.glphr.org/genetic/genetic.htm
Works cited Continued: Connor, Steve: Science Editor. 22 April 2009. Fertility expert: I can clone a human being http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/fertility-expert-i-can-clone-a-human-being-1672095.html Five students of Indian Hill Elementary. No date given. Cloning Experiments. http://library.thinkquest.org/03oct/01880/failed_experiments.htm