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Cómo construir esquemas de navegación por facetas en Drupal

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Los esquemas de navegación por facetas son muy útiles para sitios ricos en información. Gracias a su soporte de taxonomías, Drupal es una excelente base para crear sitios con esquemas de navegación por facetas. Sin embargo, no es obvio cómo implementarlos.

Vamos a presentar un caso de estudio sobre cómo implementamos un esquema de navegación por facetas usando Drupal para un sitio rico en información, con detalles sobre cómo estructuramos las taxonomías del sitio, cuáles módulos escogimos para la navegación, y cómo los integramos con las plantillas del sitio.

En esta presentación aprenderás:

* Cuáles sitios se podrían beneficiar de un esquema de navegación por facetas.
* Cómo diseñar una arquitectura de información con múltiples taxonomías.
* Cómo implementar una navegación por facetas usando Drupal.

Published in: Design
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Cómo construir esquemas de navegación por facetas en Drupal

  1. 1. Cómo construir esquemasde navegación por facetas con Drupal Jorge Arango
  2. 2. Navegación por facetasUn mecanismo de filtrado delcontenido que le permite al usuarioencontrar información másfácilmente en un sitio grande.
  3. 3. Ejemplo de facetas en el web
  4. 4. ARQUITECTURA DE LA INFORMACIÓN
  5. 5. Rosenfeld & Morville
  6. 6. Richard Saul Wurman“Organizar los patrones en ladata, haciendo que lo complejosea claro.”– Richard Saul Wurman, 1975Foto: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Richard_Saul_Wurman2.jpg
  7. 7. Encontrar y EntenderEncontrarEntender
  8. 8. Foto: http://www.flickr.com/photos/wscullin/3770015991/
  9. 9. Foto: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kwc/13193886/
  10. 10. COMODIDAD Vitruvius FIRMEZA AGRADO
  11. 11. ONTOLOGÍA   TAXONOMÍA   COREOGRAFÍA  Fuente: http://danklyn.com
  12. 12. OntologíaFoto: http://www.flickr.com/photos/tmstone/4134210447/
  13. 13. Taxonomía
  14. 14. CoreografíaFoto: http://www.flickr.com/photos/getswipp/6964314360/
  15. 15. ONTOLOGÍA   TAXONOMÍA   COREOGRAFÍA  Fuente: http://danklyn.com
  16. 16. JERARQUÍAS Y FACETAS
  17. 17. BIBLIOTECONOMÍA biblion (“libro”) + theke (“caja”) + nomos (“ley”)Foto: http://www.flickr.com/photos/paul_lowry/2266388742
  18. 18. Jerarquía de libros1. Hogar 1.1. Cocina 1.1.1. Libro A 1.1.2. Libro B 1.2. Decoración 1.2.1. Libro C 1.3. Jardinería 1.3.1. Libro D2. Computación 2.1. Diseño 2.1.1. Information Architecture for the World Wide Web 2.2. Programación 2.2.1. Libro E
  19. 19. Melvil Dewey000 – Computer science, information…100 – Philosophy and psychology200 – Religion300 – Social sciences400 – Language500 – Science (incl. mathematics)600 – Technoloy and applied science700 – Arts and recreation800 – Literature900 – History and geography
  20. 20. Jerarquías sencillas•  Cada cosa en su lugar, un solo lugar para cada cosa•  Menos complejas de diseñar e implementar•  Más útiles cuando no hay traslape•  Son rígidas•  Dependen de ontologías compartidas
  21. 21. Ejemplo de jerarquía 1
  22. 22. Ejemplo de jerarquía 2
  23. 23. S.R. RanganathanFoto: http://www.isibang.ac.in
  24. 24. Clasificación ColonadaPERSONALIDAD ESPACIO MATERIA TIEMPO ENERGÍA
  25. 25. Todos los artículos…
  26. 26. Todos los artículos…Color = Rojo
  27. 27. Todos los artículos…Color = Rojo Forma = Círculo
  28. 28. Todos los artículos…Color = Rojo Forma = Círculo Tamaño = Grande
  29. 29. Todos los artículos…Color = Rojo Forma = Círculo Tamaño = GrandeFACETAS
  30. 30. ¿Cómo sabes si la navegación porfacetas es apropiada para tu sitio?
  31. 31. ¿Cómo sabes si la navegación por facetas es apropiada para tu sitio?1.  Tienes un grupo grande de artículos variados
  32. 32. ¿Cómo sabes si la navegación por facetas es apropiada para tu sitio?1.  Tienes un grupo grande de artículos variados2.  Las categorías pueden ser arbitrarias, ambiguas, o discutibles
  33. 33. ¿Cómo sabes si la navegación por facetas es apropiada para tu sitio?1.  Tienes un grupo grande de artículos variados2.  Las categorías pueden ser arbitrarias, ambiguas, o discutibles3.  Los usuarios no saben exáctamente qué buscan
  34. 34. ¿Cómo sabes si la navegación por facetas es apropiada para tu sitio?1.  Tienes un grupo grande de artículos variados2.  Las categorías pueden ser arbitrarias, ambiguas, o discutibles3.  Los usuarios no saben exáctamente qué buscan4.  Hay artículos que pueden ubicarse en más de una categoría
  35. 35. CASO DE ESTUDIO
  36. 36. Proceso que seguimos1.  Inventario de contenido2.  Análisis de la data3.  Crear la taxonomía4.  Prototipado de la navegación (wireframes)5.  Implementación en Drupal6.  Asignar categorías al contenido7.  Pruebas con el cliente
  37. 37. Taxonomías
  38. 38. Vocabularios•  Ingrediente principal•  Tipo de plato•  Origen étnico•  Pastelería y panadería•  Sugerencias para eventos•  Dietas especiales
  39. 39. ¿Cómo determinamos los vocabularios?
  40. 40. ¿Cómo determinamos los vocabularios?•  Conversación con el cliente
  41. 41. ¿Cómo determinamos los vocabularios?•  Conversación con el cliente•  Análisis competitivo
  42. 42. ¿Cómo determinamos los vocabularios?•  Conversación con el cliente•  Análisis competitivo•  Entrevistas con los usuarios** Pero no en este caso…
  43. 43. Wireframes
  44. 44. Módulos•  Taxonomy•  Content Taxonomy (CCK)•  Advanced Taxonomy Blocks•  Jquery Menu•  CCK Field Indexer•  Taxonomy Super Select•  Context Menu•  Dynamic Tree Menu•  Multi Term•  Taxonomy Filter Core
  45. 45. TAXONOMY FILTER
  46. 46. TAXONOMY BLOCK
  47. 47. Drupal 7TAXONOMY FACETShttp://drupal.org/project/taxonomy_facets
  48. 48. CODA
  49. 49. ¡GRACIAS!JORGE ARANGO@jarangojarango@bootstudio.com

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