Effective Public Speaking


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Effective Public Speaking

  1. 1. Elizabeth Xintarianos<br />Lunch and Learn Workshop<br />Social Sciences Learning Center (C315) Pasadena City College<br />Effective Public Speaking<br />
  2. 2. Public Speaking is Important<br />Public speaking helps to prepare individuals for future leadership roles.<br />Skills include forming an effective message and communicating this message to others.<br />These skills can be practiced through a variety of methods.<br />
  3. 3. Breaking the Ice<br />Try one of the following exercises to help reduce tension.<br />Integrating humor or a personal anecdote into a speech is both a useful and <br />1. Introduce yourself<br />2. A wedding toast <br />3. Tell a personal story<br />4. Talk about your favorite cuisine<br />5. Explain the major you have chosen and why<br />6. Favorite recent movie and why<br />7. Favorite piece of literature (book, poetry, etc.) and why<br />8. Favorite hobbies/activities<br />9. Do cats rule and dogs drool? Or dogs rule and cats drool?<br />10. Pick any item in the room and talk about it <br />
  4. 4. Key-word speaking: Do not memorize!<br />When speaking in public, it is wise not to memorize your message. Often, memorized speeches sound mechanical and you may lose your message because you might forget a word and become flustered. The best way to speak to a crowd is to write down key words or phrases and speak about them (you can do this on index cards). <br />There are seven useful guidelines you can follow, also referred to as the, “Seven Principles of Effective Public Speaking” (refer to following slide). <br />
  5. 5. Seven Principles of Effective Public Speaking<br />(1) Perception: Stop trying to be a great “public” speaker. <br />People want to listen to someone who is interesting, relaxed, and comfortable. In our everyday speech we<br />are comfortable, but as soon as the idea of “public” enters our minds, we become so consumed with<br />trying to be the best, that we often fail to make a connection with the<br />audience. They are people, just like you.<br />(2) Perfection: Don’t try to be “perfect”<br />When you make a mistake, no one really cares except for you. This is known in psychology as the<br />“spotlight effect”, where you feel that all attention is on you. Even if you make a mistake, just keep<br />going. An audience prefers a speaker they can relate with.<br />(3) Visualization – If you can “see” it, you can “speak” it<br />Try to visualize the scenario ahead of time. Imagine you are in front of the audience. Imagine how<br />well you did.<br />
  6. 6. (4) Discipline: Practice, practice, practice!<br />The goal is not to be a perfect public speaker- there is no such thing. The goal is to be an<br />effective public speaker. Like anything else, public speaking requires practice.<br />(5) Description: Make it personal<br />When speaking, try to relate the topic to a personal experience. Tell stories.<br />People like to hear about others’ successes and downfalls.<br />
  7. 7. (6) Inspiration: Speak to serve<br />Take the focus off yourself. The purpose is to benefit your audience.<br />Think about the purpose- how will you help the audience?<br />(7) Anticipation: Leave them wanting more<br />KISS: Keep it short and simple! Be concise. People have short attention spans, especially<br />if they are not interested in the topic being discussed. Better to leave listeners wishing you<br />would have spoken more rather than squirming and fidgeting in their seats. <br />
  8. 8. Thank You! <br />We here at the Social Sciences Learning Center of<br />Pasadena City College thank you for your time and<br />interest. We hope that you may find or have found<br />this presentation useful. <br />If you may have any questions, please feel free to<br />stop by C315 or contact any of the members of the<br />lab at (626) 585-3055. <br />