WHO ARE THESE KIDS?In 2003 – 2.2 Million juveniles were arrested.Property crimesAssaultProperty crimes71% malesMajority 16-17 years old200,000 drug offenses
HISTORYHouse of RefugeReform SchoolFirst Opened
MORRIS KENTFirst in at age 142 years later arrested againTaken for psychiatric examinationTried in criminal court as adult
MCLEAN COUNTY JUVENILEDETENTION CENTER – NORMAL,IL1 of 14 institutions in Illinois26 bedsServes Mclean, Logan, Livingston, Dewitt and WoodfordCountiesSmall staff – administrative staff also trained ascorrectional officers
AFTER ARRESTYouth is removed from police vehicle and led to intakeroom.Handcuffs then shoes, belt, and other personalbelongings are removed and they are patted down thenexamined with a metal detectorGeneral information and mental health/substance abuseexams are obtained and conducted (if available)– Mclean County goes back and fourth from having fundingfor a professionalUniforms are distributed– In Mclean County, uniforms are colored by sizes
in Mclean County, a juvenile is detainedbased off a score given during intake.Higher scores get detained and juvenileswith lower scores are sent home.-Factors: their victims (child or old), parole,amount of charges
DAILY LIFEMonday-Friday: juveniles are woken up at 8am for breakfast.School – includes classes, gym , lunch , an elective (art,substance abuse groups, life skills) ends around 4:30pm.Dinner is served, free time for 1 hour, showers, then bedEach juvenile is given an A each morning. Grades are basedupon their attitude and participation in activities throughout theday. -More consecutive A’s = more privileges (Wii time,stamps, etc.)
VISITATIONOnly parents/legal guardians can visitSiblings under 9 and over 21 can visitLocal church members (pastors, youthpastors, etc.) are regularly scheduled to meetwith juveniles
DETERRENCEGood TVBad ResultsNo FundingPersonal ExperienceOther methods of deterrence
WHAT IS DETENTION?Detention- A form of locked custody of youth pre-trialwho are arrested—juvenile detention centers are thejuvenile justice system’s version of ―jail,‖ in whichmost young people are being held before the courthas judged them delinquent. Some youth indetention are there because they fail the conditionsof their probation or parole, or they may be waiting indetention before their ﬁnal disposition (i.e. sentenceto a community program, or juvenile correctionalfacility).
THE PROSJuvenile detention centers can help adolescents, eventhose who are repeat offenders, turn their lives aroundbefore they commit crimes as adults and wind up inprison.Well-run juvenile detention centers help adolescentsdevelop insight, change their behavior and develop goalsfor themselves that they can pursue when they arereleased.The best-run centers have employees who can serve asrole models, showing teens that they have choices intheir lives.
THE PROS CONTINUEDAnother purpose of a juvenile detention center is to provideprograms and remediation for the youths who are detained.Programs such as individual and group counseling and optionalreligious services are offered.Girl Scouts, victims awareness, family responsibilities, careerplanning and work programs are among the activities offered atthe juvenile detention center in Guadalupe Parkway, San Jose,California
THE CONSSome of the main problems that juvenileinstitutions run into include things such as:– Not having enough space/room for theamount of juveniles.– Things like rape and false accusations.– Overuse of detention. (most victims haven’tcommitted serious crimes)
THE CONS CONTINUEDDetention can increase recidivism.Congregating delinquent youth togethernegatively affects their behavior and increasestheir chance of re-offendingDetention is believed to pull youth deeper intothe juvenile and criminal justice system
PRIVATE VS. GOVERNMENTOWNED INSTITUTIONSIs there anything that is different betweeneither?Why do you think that there might be a biasand uncertainty on the topic of privateowned juvenile institutions?
TYPES OF CASES INJUVENILE COURTDependencyDelinquencyTermination of Parental RightsEmancipationExpunction
BANNING LIFE SENTENCESFOR MINORSKilled 15-Year-OldGirlfriendLife without ParoleSupreme Court bannedmandatory life sentenceswithout paroleResentencing
WHO DID WHATBrutally attacked his own father,stabbed him repeatedly with a knife,and pled guilty to charges of attemptedmurderHe was a ―Frequent Flyer‖ in thejuvenile system and has 7 theftrelated offences on his record.He took part in a violent fight, allegedlygang-related, in which one person waskilled and another injured.Took part on assault on aneighborhood family, which one waspregnant.
JOSE AND MANNYBrutally attacked his own father,stabbed him repeatedly with a knife,and pled guilty to charges of attemptedmurderTook part on assault on aneighborhood family, which one waspregnant.
WHAT ABOUT THE OTHERS?Charged with Auto-Theft andResidential burglaryTried in a juvenile court withattempted murder, sentence wasconsidered too lenient.
TEST QUESTIONS1- True or False?The Administrative staff at the Mclean countyjuvenile detention center also serve ascorrectional officers.2- before cook county opened the first juveniledetention center in 1899, what was used tohouse juvenile offenders.
ANSWERS1- True or False?The Administrative staff at the Mclean county juvenile detention centeralso serve as correctional officers.TRUE2-before cook county opened the first juvenile detention center in 1899,what was used to house juvenile offenders.Houses of refuge