A region of Andhra Pradesh
that may / will
Become a new State.
Telangana consists of the 10
districts of Hyderabad, Adilabad,
Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda,
Nizamabad, Rangareddy, and
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Telangana is a region within the state of Andhra Pradesh
in India. It was formerly part of Hyderabad State which was
ruled by the Nizams.
Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the
north and north-west, Karnataka to the west, Chhattisgarh
to the north-east and Odisha to the east.Andhra Pradesh
State has three main cultural regions:Telangana, Coastal
Andhra and Rayalaseema.
The Telangana region has an area of 114,840 square
kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 35,286,757
(2011 census) which is 41.6% of Andhra Pradesh state
Grievances of Telangana proponents
Proponents of a separate Telangana state cite
perceived injustices in the distribution of water, budget
allocations, and jobs.
Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, 68.5% of the
catchment area of the Krishna River and 69% of the
catchment area of the Godavari River are in the
Telangana supporters state that the benefits of
irrigation through the canal system under major
irrigation projects is accruing substantially, 74.25%, to
the Coastal Andhra region, while the share to
Telangana is 18.20%. The remaining 7.55% goes to
the Rayalaseema region.
According to the Backward Regions Grant
Fund 2009 –10, 13 backward districts are located in
Andhra Pradesh: nine (all except Hyderabad) are from
The Telangana Rebellion was a peasant revolt
supported by the Communists. It took place in the
former princely state of Hyderabad between 1946 and
1951. It was led by the Communist Party of India.
The revolt began in the Nalgonda district against the
feudal lords of Reddy and Velama castes.
It quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts.
Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the
local feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and
later against the King of Hyderabad State.
The violent phase of the movement ended after the
central government sent in the army.
Starting in 1951, the CPI shifted to a more moderate
strategy of seeking to bring communism to India
within the framework of Indian democracy
Since Telangana was merged with Andhra state to
form Andhra Pradesh state in 1956, there have been
several agitations in Telangana to invalidate the
merger and to form Telangana state.
On 30 July 2013, the ruling Congress party resolved
to request the Central government to make steps in
accordance with the Constitution to form a separate
state of Telangana, within a definite time frame. The
timeline for the creation, may be 122 days. The city
of Hyderabad would serve as the joint capital of
Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for ten years.
Telangana is on an elevated plateau. Godavari and
Krishna, flow through the area, but most of the land is
arid. Northern Telangana gets between 900 to 1500mm
rainfall per year from the southwest monsoons. Various
soil types abound here, including chalks, red sandy
soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very deep b.c.
soils that facilitate planting mangoes, oranges and
flowers. Southern Telangana gets 700 to 900mm rainfall
per year, also from the southwest monsoons. The red
earths with loamy sub-soils (chalkas) in these parts
facilitate planting oranges, mangoes, vegetables,
sapotas and flowers. 7
About 45% of the forest area in Andhra Pradesh state
is located in Telangana, spread across five districts.
Around 20% of the coal deposits of India are found in
Telangana. The Singareni Collieries Company
excavates coal for industrial purposes and for fuelling
power generating plants. The power generated here
supplies the entire south India. There are limestone
deposits in the area, which are exploited by cement
factories. Telangana has deposits of bauxite and
About 76% of the population of Telangana speak
Telugu, 12% speak Urdu, and 12% speak other
languages. Before 1948, Urdu was the official
language of Hyderabad State, and due to a lack of
Telugu-language educational institutions, Urdu was
the language of the educated elite of Telangana.
After 1948, once Hyderabad State joined the new
Republic of India, Telugu became the language of
government, and as Telugu was introduced as the
medium of instruction in schools and colleges, the
use of Urdu among non-Muslims decreased.
Seemandhra (Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema
combined which is what will be left after
Telangana is formed) is a poor cousin of
Telangana, which is rich in industry and, more
primarily from a southern perspective, water.
Of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh,
Telangana has the largest area (114,800 square
kilometres). The Deccan plateau has two major
rivers - the Godavari and Krishna.
Of this, Telangana alone has some 69 per cent of the
Krishna river and 79 per cent of the Godavari
catchment area. Besides, Telangana is also drained
by minor rivers such as Manair, Bhima, Dindi,
Kinnerasani, Manjeera, Munneru, Moosi, Penganga,
Praanahita, Peddavagu and Taliperu. And if we did
not have enough water disputes south of Vindhyas,
expect more than ever once the two warring cousins
(Telangana and Seemandhra) are born.
Telangana is one of the three regions of Andhra
Pradesh. The other two - the 13 districts of
"Seemandhra" are jointly called Rayalaseema and
coastal Andhra regions.
These were in total shutdown with shops, schools
and offices closed since yesterday following the 48-
hour strike called by anti-Telangana protesters.
National Highway 5, which connects Chennai to
Kolkata, had been blocked at various places in
Anti-Telangana protesters block the road in
Ananthapuram on Friday
Oct 6, 2013, 12.12 PM IST
HYDERABAD: An indefinite strike launched on
Sunday by electricity employees of Rayalaseema
and the coastal region of Andhra Pradesh hit power
supply in six districts of the state and also forced the
railways to cancel train services.
Hundreds of villages in six coastal Andhra districts
plunged into darkness as the electricity employees
went on an indefinite strike to protest the Centre's
decision to create a separate Telangana state.