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a new State is being formed in India with a protest from the other part of the bifurcation

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  1. 1. Telangana A region of Andhra Pradesh that may / will Become a new State. Telangana consists of the 10 districts of Hyderabad, Adilabad, Khammam, Karimnagar, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy, and Warangal. 1
  2. 2. Telangana From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Telangana is a region within the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It was formerly part of Hyderabad State which was ruled by the Nizams. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and north-west, Karnataka to the west, Chhattisgarh to the north-east and Odisha to the east.Andhra Pradesh State has three main cultural regions:Telangana, Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema. The Telangana region has an area of 114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 35,286,757 (2011 census) which is 41.6% of Andhra Pradesh state population 2
  3. 3. Grievances of Telangana proponents Proponents of a separate Telangana state cite perceived injustices in the distribution of water, budget allocations, and jobs. Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, 68.5% of the catchment area of the Krishna River and 69% of the catchment area of the Godavari River are in the Telangana region. Telangana supporters state that the benefits of irrigation through the canal system under major irrigation projects is accruing substantially, 74.25%, to the Coastal Andhra region, while the share to Telangana is 18.20%. The remaining 7.55% goes to the Rayalaseema region. 3
  4. 4. According to the Backward Regions Grant Fund 2009 –10, 13 backward districts are located in Andhra Pradesh: nine (all except Hyderabad) are from Telangana. The Telangana Rebellion was a peasant revolt supported by the Communists. It took place in the former princely state of Hyderabad between 1946 and 1951. It was led by the Communist Party of India. The revolt began in the Nalgonda district against the feudal lords of Reddy and Velama castes. 4
  5. 5. It quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the local feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and later against the King of Hyderabad State. The violent phase of the movement ended after the central government sent in the army. Starting in 1951, the CPI shifted to a more moderate strategy of seeking to bring communism to India within the framework of Indian democracy 5
  6. 6. Since Telangana was merged with Andhra state to form Andhra Pradesh state in 1956, there have been several agitations in Telangana to invalidate the merger and to form Telangana state. On 30 July 2013, the ruling Congress party resolved to request the Central government to make steps in accordance with the Constitution to form a separate state of Telangana, within a definite time frame. The timeline for the creation, may be 122 days. The city of Hyderabad would serve as the joint capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for ten years. 6
  7. 7. Telangana is on an elevated plateau. Godavari and Krishna, flow through the area, but most of the land is arid. Northern Telangana gets between 900 to 1500mm rainfall per year from the southwest monsoons. Various soil types abound here, including chalks, red sandy soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very deep b.c. soils that facilitate planting mangoes, oranges and flowers. Southern Telangana gets 700 to 900mm rainfall per year, also from the southwest monsoons. The red earths with loamy sub-soils (chalkas) in these parts facilitate planting oranges, mangoes, vegetables, sapotas and flowers. 7
  8. 8. About 45% of the forest area in Andhra Pradesh state is located in Telangana, spread across five districts. Around 20% of the coal deposits of India are found in Telangana. The Singareni Collieries Company excavates coal for industrial purposes and for fuelling power generating plants. The power generated here supplies the entire south India. There are limestone deposits in the area, which are exploited by cement factories. Telangana has deposits of bauxite and mica. 8
  9. 9. About 76% of the population of Telangana speak Telugu, 12% speak Urdu, and 12% speak other languages. Before 1948, Urdu was the official language of Hyderabad State, and due to a lack of Telugu-language educational institutions, Urdu was the language of the educated elite of Telangana. After 1948, once Hyderabad State joined the new Republic of India, Telugu became the language of government, and as Telugu was introduced as the medium of instruction in schools and colleges, the use of Urdu among non-Muslims decreased. 9
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  11. 11. 11 Seemandhra (Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema combined which is what will be left after Telangana is formed) is a poor cousin of Telangana, which is rich in industry and, more primarily from a southern perspective, water. Of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana has the largest area (114,800 square kilometres). The Deccan plateau has two major rivers - the Godavari and Krishna.
  12. 12. 12 Of this, Telangana alone has some 69 per cent of the Krishna river and 79 per cent of the Godavari catchment area. Besides, Telangana is also drained by minor rivers such as Manair, Bhima, Dindi, Kinnerasani, Manjeera, Munneru, Moosi, Penganga, Praanahita, Peddavagu and Taliperu. And if we did not have enough water disputes south of Vindhyas, expect more than ever once the two warring cousins (Telangana and Seemandhra) are born.
  13. 13. 13 Telangana is one of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh. The other two - the 13 districts of "Seemandhra" are jointly called Rayalaseema and coastal Andhra regions. These were in total shutdown with shops, schools and offices closed since yesterday following the 48- hour strike called by anti-Telangana protesters. National Highway 5, which connects Chennai to Kolkata, had been blocked at various places in Andhra Pradesh.
  14. 14. Anti-Telangana protesters block the road in Ananthapuram on Friday 14
  15. 15. 15 Oct 6, 2013, 12.12 PM IST HYDERABAD: An indefinite strike launched on Sunday by electricity employees of Rayalaseema and the coastal region of Andhra Pradesh hit power supply in six districts of the state and also forced the railways to cancel train services. Hundreds of villages in six coastal Andhra districts plunged into darkness as the electricity employees went on an indefinite strike to protest the Centre's decision to create a separate Telangana state.