Tangible targets at schoolIndia’s relative position with respect to the Education Development Index remains poor. There is a lot to do interms of improving schooling facilities.
EFA Global Monitoring Report 2010 (unesco) India’s rank is 105 / 128, It has a Low educational development Index [EDI]. In 2001 also India ranked at 105 / 127. All this would be quite puzzling to those who also read at the same time that there has been tremendous progress in India in recent years. The enrolment ratio in primary education - both gross and net enrolment ratios - have improved over the years.
Three components of EDI: adult literacy, gender-specific EFA index and survival rate upto Grade 1 to 5 In all the above three performances, India is seriously lagging. Adult literacy is about 66%, gender index is 0.84 and survival rate from 1 to 5 grade is also about 66%. It is an important challenge to ensure that the children enrolled progress to complete the cycle of schooling and beyond.
Three reasons for Dropping out1. Schools are not attractive.2. Economic constraints3. Lack of a tradition of going to, or continuing in schools.
reasons for Dropping out Unattractive school facilities represent the most important reason that pushes children out of schools. Economic constraints also matter very much, though they matter more for enrolment or children in schools than for their continuation in schools. Other‘ reasons are not that important.
Data from DISE On an average there are only three classrooms per primary school in India; and there are only three teachers per school. About 14% of the schools have a single classroom each, and single teacher schools constitute a similar proportion.
Primary Schools National norm: 1 teacher per 40 students 30% of primary schools have ratios above this norm. In Bihar [for e.g.,] it is 1:59 and 1:92 Improvements needed in both human and physical facilities and overall functioning of the system.
Data from DISE There are twelve states and U.Ts. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, J&K, M.P. Meghalaya, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, U.P. Dadra & Nagar Haveli), with overall literacy level below the national average of 36.23%. What these various statistics on literacy show is that there is a high degree of regional disparity with regard to education specially in rural aeas.
International Journal of Educational Development, 2006 India has over a third of the world’s children (6–11 year olds) out of school — around 40 million (UNESCO, 2003). Six states of India account for three- fourths of its children out of school (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal).
The District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) & SSA DPEP was launched in 1994, supported by UNICEF, funded by the central government and the states. The Scheme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), is being implemented in all districts of the country. The aim of SSA is to provide elementary education for all children in the 6-14 age group.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) The scheme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) was launched in 2001. The goals of SSA are as follows : (i) All 6-14 age children in school / EGS (Education Guarantee Scheme) centre/ Bridge Course. (ii) Bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage and at elementary education level. (iii) Universal retention. (iv) Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life.
targets at schoolIndia needs to improve on high pupil teacher ratios, shortage of infrastructure and Inadequate number & level of teacher training. overall functioning of the system
Reference:Jandhalya B G Tilak, Feb. 11, 2010 firstname.lastname@example.org