Challenges after telengana is born


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Jobs, river water and efficient administration would be issues for the Tilanganis

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Challenges after telengana is born

  1. 1. TELANGANA Octob 29th State Of India ?
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  4. 4. RIVER WATERS  Perennial rivers Godavari and Krishna are flowing in Telangana before flowing down through other regions and ending up in the Bay of Bengal. Musi, Bhima, Kinnerasani and Pen Ganga are the smaller rivers that flow in Telangana. 4
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  6. 6.  Most of Godavari in Telangana is flowing 3 meters below the surface level, so proposed irrigation projects are lift Irrigation system, which needs huge amounts of energy to ensure the proper function of system.  The newly separated state has to face severe challenges to meet the energy demand to develop infrastructure. 6
  7. 7. The Krishna Water Dispute Tribunal shares water with Indian states Maharashtra (560TMC), Karnataka (700TMC), and Andhra Pradesh (800TMC). Within Andhra Pradesh, 68.5% of Krishna catchment is lying in the Telangana region, but allocation of water for Telangana region was 34.73%, while Coastal Andhra got 48.5% with 13% catchment area, and Rayalaseema with 18.3% catchment receiving only 16.7% water. 7
  8. 8.  After separate state formation, the existing dispute over Krishna and Godavari river water will become more severe between Telangana and other regions.  As far as Godavari Waters Disputes Tribunal, allocated 1480TMC goes to Andhra Pradesh.  Within the state, 79% goes to Telangana whereas remaining 21% to coastal Andhra. After the formation of new state, Telangana should get 1,169TMC of water. 8
  9. 9.  Andhra Pradesh has witnessed the highest rate of farmer suicides and irrigation has been a sensitive issue.  As a result, over Rs 1,86,000 crore for „Jalayagnam‟ program comprising of 86 major and minor irrigation projects, was announced in 2005 for farmers 9
  10. 10. NATURAL RESOURCE IN TELANGANA bioresource Forest areas Fruits growing Mineral resource Coal  Limestone Bauxite Mica 10
  11. 11. Climate Telangana is a semi-arid area within Andhra Pradesh and has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 755 mm (29.7-inch) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February. With little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range, this is the most comfortable time of the year. 11
  12. 12.  Will the creation of a separate state like Telangana mean more efficient management of state resources?  Telangana – what does it stand for?  Is it meeting with any such paradigm of social groups or is it just speculation of common people?  There are many critical approaches to understanding the very movement of the separate state. 12
  13. 13. The 10 Telangana districts that form a separate state will have 17 Lok Sabha seats and 119 assembly constituencies. Not only is the present „Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority‟ (HMDA), covering a total area of 7,073 sq km and with a population of over 7 million, almost twice the size of Goa and even bigger than the National Capital Territory of Delhi, it also hosts several „strategic‟ government establishments. 13
  14. 14. Of these, 28 are related to national defence or strategic establishments, says the Committee report, adding, the structure of Hyderabad‟s GDP “differs radically from the other regions”, marking out its economic development as different from the rest of Andhra Pradesh. Hence, neither Telangana nor Seemandhra people wish to lose Hyderabad. 14
  15. 15. A brief look at Telangana shows its issue to be staggeringly multi-layered, enmeshed by historical, linguistic, cultural, natural resources – employment, administrative and political factors. So much so, the Srikrishna panel gave as many as six options that could help resolve this long-pending demand from 1945 in a way, since the Communists-backed peasants struggle against the „Zamindari‟ rule and landlordism in Telangana region. The later Naxal movement in A P had partly its genesis in this anti-Zamindari struggle. 15
  16. 16. First major agitation for separation of Telangana started in 1969. Then a six-point formula set up a separate „Planning and Development Board‟ for each of the three regions of the State to ensure a United AP. This only reinforced the Telangana people‟s apprehensions that they were „colonised‟ by the better educated and politically savvy dominant castes from the coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions. The BJP sought to take up its cause with its „Warrangal resolution‟ in 1997. 16
  17. 17. In fact, the Srikrishna Committee‟s report is a big analysis of all these factors till the latest phase of the Telangana agitation under the TRS banner since 2001. The BJP-led NDA at the Centre under A.B. Vajpayee‟s leadership unwittingly gave this movement an extra fillip by carving out three new States of Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, from the bigger States Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar respectively premised on „smaller states ensure better inclusive development‟. 17
  18. 18. After all its painstaking work, the Srikrishna Committee plumped for its sixth option. “On balance, it found the most workable option in the given circumstances, in the interests of the social and economic welfare of people of all the three regions” in the Panel‟s sixth option that: the State be kept united by simultaneously providing definite Constitutional measures for “socio-economic development and political empowerment of Telangana region”. This it emphasised, was different from merely maintaining the present status quo. 18
  19. 19. Though the “demand for separate Telangana has some merit,” the Committee categorically said to split the State only if it is “unavoidable and if the decision can be reached amicably amongst all the three regions”. In that eventuality, Hyderabad will continue to be a joint capital, “until a new capital for Seemandhra is created,” the panel said, ranking it as its second best option. The panel‟s other four options included bifurcating the State into „Rayala Telangana‟ (merging four districts of backward Rayalaseema with the Telangana districts and Hyderabad being part of it) and „coastal Andhra‟, and bifurcation with making an enlarged Hyderabad metropolis as a Union Territory, housing the capitals of both the divided units a la Chandigarh. 19
  20. 20. Alternatively, the State could be bifurcated with „Telangana‟ and „Seemandhra‟ having their own capitals and Hyderabad retained as a Union Territory, the Committee said. However, to maintain status quo – the panel‟s „least favoured‟ option – will only deepen the political crisis on both sides of the divide and could make the Telangana agitation even more emotional with the Maoist-extremist elements already joining hands with the TRS, it warned, adding, “some intervention is definitely required”. 20
  21. 21. Dividing a State does not necessarily address the issues of under-development and socio-economic backwardness. The division may harm federalism, secularism and lead to dilution of democratic institutions. The safety of people from Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema who have settled in Hyderabad for generations now is a serious issue for many. There are serious water-sharing issues too that, if ignored by the Centre, could spell the death-knell of farming in the Godavari and Krishna delta areas, India‟s21rice bowl.
  22. 22. Group of Ministers A six-member GoM plans to submit its report to the New Delhi: The govt. has government before the received around 2,000 email winter session of suggestions related to the parliament and a draft bill bifurcation of A P to be placed for carving out Telangana state will be based on its recommendations. before the G o M, Home Minister Shinde said in New Delhi on Oct. 19, Saturday. 22
  23. 23. Home Minister Shinde, head of GoM, said the Ministerial panel will first meet Secretaries of various central ministries and Depts on Nov. 11 to hear their views on mode of bifurcating A P and distribution of assets between the two states. The political parties are: Congress, BJP, Telugu Desam Party, CPI, CPI (M), Telangana Rashtra Samiti, YSR Congress and All India Majlis-e- Ittehadul Muslimeen. 23
  24. 24. G o M to make recommendations on  boundaries of Telangana,  division of bureaucracy and  sharing of assets and resources,  river water and irrigation projects within six weeks, say January 2014 24
  25. 25. The Cabinet note says that the G o M would “work out the various legal and administrative measures to ensure the safety and security of residents of all the regions of the State.” The GoM has also been mandated to “go into the various issues which concern both States (Telangana and Andhra Pradesh) and suggest appropriate measures to address them.” 25
  26. 26. G o M will also “work out the modalities for provision of special financial disbursements required for the setting up of a new capital for the residuary State of Andhra Pradesh [Seemandhra] and to meet the special needs of the backward regions and districts of the two States.” 26
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  30. 30. The Telangana region has an area of 114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 35,286,757 (2011 census) which is 41.6% of Andhra Pradesh state population. 30
  31. 31. A suggestion…for Seemandhra Ongole as the capital of Seemandhra state. It is located midway between regions. Plenty of government land is available to construct new capital. As Ongole is the part of greater Rayalaseema region proposed by them, there should not be any objection to Rayalaseema people to make Ongole as a capital of Seemandhra. 31
  32. 32. Another suggestion… for Seemandhra  Visakhapatnam (Vizag) is only about 50 km from Vijayanagaram, and being the main industrial base in the coastal belt of AP, would prosper.  Vijayawada could be the capital, because of the city's political history and background, would pave the way for development there. Vijayawada can be the political capital, but Vizag can be the economic capital. 32
  33. 33. Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) chief K Chandrasekhar Rao categorically stated that after the formation of a new state, employees from Seemandhra would have to vacate posts held in Telangana region. 33
  34. 34. Jagan Mohan Reddy, the YSR Congress chief, has responded to the ministerial group stating that the decision to create a separate Telangana be rescinded. The Congress, and the main opposition Telugu Desam Party are split down the middle on the statehood for Telangana issue. Both parties will meet to discuss their response to the Centre. Congress leaders from Seemandhra will meet Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy while Telangana leaders are meeting with state Congress chief Botsa Satyanarayana. 34
  35. 35. Seemandhra employees were up in arms against the proposal of the state division and struck work for 66 days, demanding the government to address their concerns over job security and status of Hyderabad. 35
  36. 36. October 25, 2013 The resolution could be defeated in the state assembly, but it is hoped that Parliament would vote in favour of Telangana. "The Seemandhra MLAs constitute majority in the A P assembly with more than 170 seats while the Telangana region comprises of only 119 MLAs. Since the majority of the number matters, the resolution could be defeated in the state assembly," it was told to reporters at a press conference in Delhi. 36
  37. 37. Parliament would vote in favour of Telangana with the support of Congress, the BJP, the CPI and perhaps the TDP. There are some genuine apprehensions about water distribution, employment potentiality, about their future in Hyderabad 37
  38. 38. If Telangana is formed  Telugu people tolerate each other, and be friends, with animosities disappearing ?  All resources of ten districts will be used within the ten districts.  Both Andhra and Telangana states will be rich and there is a wide scope for harmony and brotherhood among ‘separated brothers’  Water can be objectively divided and scientifically used to irrigate both states. Add desalination plants too? 38
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  40. 40. “The time is ripe. And we see that our brothers from coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema have reconciled also. We can see that in spite of all the media speculation, there is neither much resistance nor apprehension as there was three years back. We believe Telangana has to be delivered at this juncture.” 40