Perennial rivers Godavari and Krishna are flowing
in Telangana before flowing down through other
regions and ending up in the Bay of Bengal.
Musi, Bhima, Kinnerasani and Pen Ganga are the
smaller rivers that flow in Telangana.
Most of Godavari in Telangana is flowing 3 meters
below the surface level, so proposed irrigation projects
are lift Irrigation system, which needs huge amounts of
energy to ensure the proper function of system.
The newly separated state has to face severe
challenges to meet the energy demand to develop
The Krishna Water Dispute Tribunal shares water with
Indian states Maharashtra (560TMC), Karnataka (700TMC),
and Andhra Pradesh (800TMC). Within Andhra Pradesh,
68.5% of Krishna catchment is lying in the Telangana region,
but allocation of water for Telangana region was 34.73%,
while Coastal Andhra got 48.5% with 13% catchment area,
and Rayalaseema with 18.3% catchment receiving only
After separate state formation, the existing dispute over
Krishna and Godavari river water will become more
severe between Telangana and other regions.
As far as Godavari Waters Disputes Tribunal, allocated
1480TMC goes to Andhra Pradesh.
Within the state, 79% goes to Telangana whereas
remaining 21% to coastal Andhra. After the formation of
new state, Telangana should get 1,169TMC of water.
Andhra Pradesh has witnessed the highest rate
of farmer suicides and irrigation has been a
As a result, over Rs 1,86,000 crore for
„Jalayagnam‟ program comprising of 86 major
and minor irrigation projects, was announced in
2005 for farmers
NATURAL RESOURCE IN TELANGANA
Telangana is a semi-arid area within Andhra Pradesh and
has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in
March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in
the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and
lasts until September with about 755 mm (29.7-inch) of
precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November and
lasts until early February. With little humidity and average
temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range, this is the
most comfortable time of the year.
Will the creation of a separate state like Telangana mean
more efficient management of state resources?
Telangana – what does it stand for?
Is it meeting with any such paradigm of social groups or
is it just speculation of common people?
There are many critical approaches to understanding
the very movement of the separate state.
The 10 Telangana districts that form a separate state will
have 17 Lok Sabha seats and 119 assembly constituencies.
Not only is the present „Hyderabad Metropolitan
Development Authority‟ (HMDA), covering a total area of
7,073 sq km and with a population of over 7 million, almost
twice the size of Goa and even bigger than the National
Capital Territory of Delhi, it also hosts several „strategic‟
Of these, 28 are related to national defence or strategic
establishments, says the Committee report, adding, the
structure of Hyderabad‟s GDP “differs radically from the
other regions”, marking out its economic development as
different from the rest of Andhra Pradesh.
Hence, neither Telangana nor Seemandhra people wish
to lose Hyderabad.
A brief look at Telangana shows its issue to be staggeringly
multi-layered, enmeshed by historical, linguistic, cultural,
natural resources – employment, administrative and political
factors. So much so, the Srikrishna panel gave as many as
six options that could help resolve this long-pending demand
from 1945 in a way, since the Communists-backed peasants
struggle against the „Zamindari‟ rule and landlordism in
Telangana region. The later Naxal movement in A P had
partly its genesis in this anti-Zamindari struggle.
First major agitation for separation of Telangana started in
1969. Then a six-point formula set up a separate „Planning
and Development Board‟ for each of the three regions of the
State to ensure a United AP. This only reinforced the
Telangana people‟s apprehensions that they were „colonised‟
by the better educated and politically savvy dominant castes
from the coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions. The BJP
sought to take up its cause with its „Warrangal resolution‟ in
In fact, the Srikrishna Committee‟s report is a big analysis of
all these factors till the latest phase of the Telangana
agitation under the TRS banner since 2001. The BJP-led
NDA at the Centre under A.B. Vajpayee‟s leadership
unwittingly gave this movement an extra fillip by carving out
three new States of Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and
Jharkhand, from the bigger States Uttar Pradesh, Madhya
Pradesh and Bihar respectively premised on „smaller states
ensure better inclusive development‟.
After all its painstaking work, the Srikrishna Committee plumped for its
sixth option. “On balance, it found the most workable option in the
given circumstances, in the interests of the social and economic
welfare of people of all the three regions” in the Panel‟s sixth option
the State be kept united by simultaneously providing definite
Constitutional measures for “socio-economic development and political
empowerment of Telangana region”. This it emphasised, was different
from merely maintaining the present status quo.
Though the “demand for separate Telangana has some merit,” the Committee
categorically said to split the State only if it is “unavoidable and if the decision
can be reached amicably amongst all the three regions”. In that eventuality,
Hyderabad will continue to be a joint capital, “until a new capital for
Seemandhra is created,” the panel said, ranking it as its second best option.
The panel‟s other four options included bifurcating the State into „Rayala Telangana‟ (merging four districts of backward Rayalaseema with the Telangana
districts and Hyderabad being part of it) and „coastal Andhra‟, and bifurcation
with making an enlarged Hyderabad metropolis as a Union Territory, housing
the capitals of both the divided units a la Chandigarh.
Alternatively, the State could be bifurcated with „Telangana‟
and „Seemandhra‟ having their own capitals and
Hyderabad retained as a Union Territory, the Committee
said. However, to maintain status quo – the panel‟s „least
favoured‟ option – will only deepen the political crisis on
both sides of the divide and could make the Telangana
agitation even more emotional with the Maoist-extremist
elements already joining hands with the TRS, it warned,
adding, “some intervention is definitely required”.
Dividing a State does not necessarily address the issues of
under-development and socio-economic backwardness. The
division may harm federalism, secularism and lead to dilution
of democratic institutions. The safety of people from Coastal
Andhra and Rayalaseema who have settled in Hyderabad
for generations now is a serious issue for many. There are
serious water-sharing issues too that, if ignored by the
Centre, could spell the death-knell of farming in the Godavari
and Krishna delta areas, India‟s21rice bowl.
Group of Ministers
A six-member GoM plans
to submit its report to the
New Delhi: The govt. has
government before the
received around 2,000 email
winter session of
suggestions related to the
parliament and a draft bill
bifurcation of A P to be placed
for carving out Telangana
state will be based on its
before the G o M, Home
Minister Shinde said in New
Delhi on Oct. 19, Saturday.
Home Minister Shinde, head of GoM, said the
Ministerial panel will first meet Secretaries of
various central ministries and Depts on Nov. 11 to
hear their views on mode of bifurcating A P and
distribution of assets between the two states. The
political parties are: Congress, BJP, Telugu Desam Party,
CPI, CPI (M), Telangana Rashtra Samiti, YSR Congress and
All India Majlis-e- Ittehadul Muslimeen.
G o M to make recommendations on
boundaries of Telangana,
division of bureaucracy and
sharing of assets and resources,
river water and irrigation projects
within six weeks, say January 2014
The Cabinet note says that the G o M would “work
out the various legal and administrative measures to
ensure the safety and security of residents of all the
regions of the State.” The GoM has also been
mandated to “go into the various issues which
concern both States (Telangana and Andhra
Pradesh) and suggest appropriate measures to
G o M will also “work out the modalities for
provision of special financial disbursements
required for the setting up of a new capital for
the residuary State of Andhra Pradesh
[Seemandhra] and to meet the special needs
of the backward regions and districts of the
The Telangana region has
an area of 114,840 square
kilometres (44,340 sq mi),
and a population of
35,286,757 (2011 census)
which is 41.6% of Andhra
Pradesh state population.
A suggestion…for Seemandhra
Ongole as the capital of Seemandhra state.
It is located midway between regions. Plenty of government
land is available to construct new capital. As Ongole is the
part of greater Rayalaseema region proposed by them, there
should not be any objection to Rayalaseema people to make
Ongole as a capital of Seemandhra.
Another suggestion… for Seemandhra
Visakhapatnam (Vizag) is only about 50 km from
Vijayanagaram, and being the main industrial base in the
coastal belt of AP, would prosper.
Vijayawada could be the capital, because of the city's
political history and background, would pave the way for
development there. Vijayawada can be the political capital,
but Vizag can be the economic capital.
Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS)
chief K Chandrasekhar Rao
categorically stated that after the
formation of a new state,
employees from Seemandhra
would have to vacate posts held in
Jagan Mohan Reddy, the YSR Congress chief, has
responded to the ministerial group stating that the decision
to create a separate Telangana be rescinded. The Congress,
and the main opposition Telugu Desam Party are split down
the middle on the statehood for Telangana issue. Both parties
will meet to discuss their response to the Centre. Congress
leaders from Seemandhra will meet Chief Minister
Kiran Kumar Reddy while Telangana leaders are
meeting with state Congress chief Botsa Satyanarayana.
Seemandhra employees were up in arms
against the proposal of the state division and
struck work for 66 days, demanding the
government to address their concerns over job
security and status of Hyderabad.
October 25, 2013
The resolution could be defeated in the state assembly,
but it is hoped that Parliament would vote in favour of
"The Seemandhra MLAs constitute majority in the A P
assembly with more than 170 seats while the Telangana
region comprises of only 119 MLAs. Since the majority
of the number matters, the resolution could be defeated
in the state assembly," it was told to reporters at a press
conference in Delhi.
Parliament would vote in favour of Telangana with
the support of Congress, the BJP, the CPI and
perhaps the TDP. There are some genuine
apprehensions about water distribution,
employment potentiality, about their future in
If Telangana is formed
Telugu people tolerate each other, and be friends, with
animosities disappearing ?
All resources of ten districts will be used within the ten
Both Andhra and Telangana states will be rich and there is a
wide scope for harmony and brotherhood among ‘separated
Water can be objectively divided and scientifically used to
irrigate both states. Add desalination plants too?
“The time is ripe. And we see that our brothers
from coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema have
reconciled also. We can see that in spite of all
the media speculation, there is neither much
resistance nor apprehension as there was three
years back. We believe Telangana has to be
delivered at this juncture.”