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  1. 1. Simulation Theory / Training <ul><li>Technology Presentation, HU - LTMS 510 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date: March 16, 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By: Jan Minnich </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Please be understanding of the length of this presentation…. this is tonight’s class topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(class week #9) </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Simulation - Definition <ul><li>Simulation - is the imitation of some real thing, state of affairs, or process. The act of simulating something generally entails representing certain key characteristics or behaviors of a selected physical or abstract system. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background knowledge <ul><li>Me… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not much to draw from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(….or…. ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Goals and Objectives …for today <ul><li>Provide fundamental background of “simulation” theory and benefits pertaining to training and learning systems </li></ul><ul><li>Provide meaningful examples for my peers and colleagues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to impress the value of simulation systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>generate and expose you to some ideas so you can take along </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Principles behind simulation training <ul><li>Simulations allow learners to make effective connections to real life situations </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation is essentially “knowledge visualization,” which is a powerful learning mechanism through the use of visible representations to transfer knowledge between two or more people </li></ul>
  6. 6. Principles (con’t) <ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners can make mistakes and more efficiently/effectively learn from immediate feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tremendously beneficial for those jobs/tasks/performances are critical to human health and/or situations / environments which utilize expensive equipment: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Military fields (Meggitt systems) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Classifications of Simulation <ul><li>Fundamentally a few basic recognized types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Simulation – real objects are substituted for the real situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Simulation – where a human participant is placed into a model environment, and is exposed to substituted decision/action stimuli </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Simulation – broad application often used to enhance Interactive Simulation (above) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Early simulation with: “The Teacher”
  9. 9. Early electronic simulation <ul><li>In 1958 a computer game called “ Tennis for Two ” was created by Willy Higginbotham. This was one of the first electronic video games to use a graphical display. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Modern day Ed. examples <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language Arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Math </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Ed classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul>More detailed examples of these to follow …
  11. 11. Further Ed - Related examples…. <ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples ??? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific student safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DUI vehicle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seatbelt simulation machine </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Health Field <ul><li>Health field - The first medical simulators were simple models of human patients. (mannequins) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgical procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dental procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How many of you are CPR trained? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Private Sector <ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market simulation models are used all the time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communications (any realm) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>go to meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terror attack (study) Pentagon 911 Attack Simulation From Perdue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation cyber attack CNN (couple weeks ago) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dooms day projections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar storms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic field projections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact projections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military simulation training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All 4 branches (extensive breadth of information here!) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. More…. Private Sector <ul><li>Science / Tech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather modeling follows principles of simulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WGAL example </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emulators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>media clipsWeather Star 4000 Emulator - </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Aviation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>media clipsCheck the Latest in Flight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Leisure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantasy escapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Second Life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vacations, Golf, Fishing, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  15. 15. Back to Education…. <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language Arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Math </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Ed classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul>Specific examples of all next…
  16. 16. Social Studies <ul><li>Traditional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Model UN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mock Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With Simulation integration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a new dynamic culture…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… by communicating with foreign ones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>media clipsWe </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Sciences <ul><li>Traditionally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science teachers were trying to simulate the real environment, through: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 D Examples </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Models are 3D versions of real environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Experiments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Planetarium - is a classic simulation example </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>With Simulation integration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Algodoo example </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>media clipsAlgodoo - Barrier Breaker in Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engaging, thought provoking, allows for group collaboration </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Mathematics <ul><li>Traditional Sim learning – textbooks, theory, problem solving, modeling through board examples, etc </li></ul><ul><li>With Simulation integration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How quickly could we have learned calculus?!?! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>media clipsCalculus I in 20 Minutes (The Original) by </li></ul>
  19. 19. English / Literature <ul><li>Traditionally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As long as there has been literature we try to take our students back to that setting…. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With Simulation integration: </li></ul><ul><li>media clipsEducation in Second Life Explore the </li></ul><ul><li>Possibilities? </li></ul><ul><li>Second Life - is an entirely full presentation in itself… </li></ul>
  20. 20. Musical Simulation <ul><li>Traditionally: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music teachers model the playing of their instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach by demonstrating themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With Simulation Integration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>media clipsThe YouTube Electric Guitar Play with the timeline!.mov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other “experts” can teach/train students </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Technology Education <ul><li>Traditional – just consider your own experiences… </li></ul><ul><li>With Simulation Integration: Through tech advances we have accelerated the advantages and benefits of Simulation training </li></ul><ul><li>Future??? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>media clipsTouchlight 3D </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Library Sciences <ul><li>Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>With Sim integration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Info retrieval systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anywhere </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If still in specialized locations but… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>media clipsAutomated Library System Simulation by HK </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Health field - revisited <ul><li>The health field and society benefits greatly from simulation training </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>media clipsSurgery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Dental </li></ul>
  24. 24. Sim’s Limitless Application… <ul><li>Almost endless ideas for where simulation theory can be applied </li></ul><ul><li>Future of Simulation Applications? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My opinion: those youth who pursue this field will be positioned and poised for vast opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your opinion… </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. References Cited <ul><li>Algodoo, (Designer). (2009). Algodoo - barrier breaker in science education . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Eon, . (Producer). (2006). Touchlight 3d technology . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Ezra, Ben. (Producer). (2009). The You tube electric guitar; play with the timeline . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Herdman, Rory. (Photographer). (2009). Surgery simulator . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Leadbeater, Charles. (Artist). (2008). We Think . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Rolfe, J.M. (1979). 50 Years of Flight Simulation. Aeroplane maintenance & operation series, vol. 8. . Retrieved (2010, March 16) from </li></ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Solutions, (Designer). (2010). Automated library system simulation by HK systems . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul>
  26. 26. References Cited (con’t) <ul><li>Thinkwell., (Designer). (2008). Calculus in 20 minutes . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Watchmojo, (Designer). (2009). Check out the latest in flight simulation . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Weather star 4000 emulator . (2007, September 28). Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia . (2010). [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>xxArete2xx, (Designer). (2008). Education in second life: explore the possibilities . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul>