To The United States of America
Juan Carlos Leon
“One of the Juan Gonzalez thesis is that the
Latin American migration into the United
States is a result of the USA processes of
territorial expansion, colonization and
economic/political hegemonic over the Latin
Prof. Luis Alvarez-Lopez, Ph.D. Immigration and Public Policy 2012, The Today Historical
Roots of the labor system.
Named after Christopher Columbus
49% are Mestizos, 37% are White, 10.6% Afro Colombian (including
Mulattos), 3.4% Amerindian, 0.01% Romani.
Colombia´s capital city has a lower murder rate than the USA´s capital
Colombia is home to the biggest theater festival, biggest salsa festival,
biggest flower parade, biggest outdoor horse parade and second
biggest carnival in the world
Bogotá has the most extensive network of cycle routes out of every city
in Latin America and almost the world
Colombia is the worlds third largest manufacturer of women’s lingerie
Colombia has the tallest seaside mountain in the world: Sierra Nevada
de Santa Marta.
Based on the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the
external Colombian population is 4.7 million or almost 10%
of the country’s population.
34.6% are in the United States, 23.1% in Spain, 20% in
Venezuela, 3.1% in Ecuador and 2% in Canada. The rest are
scattered out throughout the world
The largest South American ethnic group in the United
The seventh-largest population of Hispanic origin living in
the United States, accounting for 1.9% of the U.S.
Source: Department of
Yearbook of Immigration
Statistics, 2008. Figures
include only immigrants
who obtained legal
Search for better job opportunities, which means
demand for unskilled labor in developed countries
and higher pay skilled labor force in developed
Family reunification is an important motivation for
Supply of higher education studies in other
Political, social, economic problems & insecurity,
have fueled both voluntary and forced migration
The most well-known concentration of Colombians in the
U.S are in Queens, NY, in the areas of Jackson Heights,
Elmhurst, Corona & Woodside
Other States are: New Jersey, Florida, Rhode Island,
Massachusetts, Connecticut & Texas
Top 101 cities with the most residents born in Colombia
A negative loss of talent for Colombia because the
majority of migrants tend to be better educated and in the
prime of working life; making it a “brain drain” diaspora.
Positive because of remittances; which have surpassed the
value of coffee exports
Voices of Colombia from the Streets of Chicago
Colombian Americans Documentary
The Colombian Connection: Part I
The Colombian Connection: Part II
Centro Civico Colombiano in Queens, New York
Colombian American Coalition in Miami
The Colombian Way
Collier, Michael W., “Colombian Migration to South Florida: A Most Unwelcome Reception (Working Paper No. 9)” (2004).
LACC Working Paper Series (2001-). Paper 2. http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/laccwps/2
John Leon. Turning brain drain into brain gain: the Colombian experience of the diaspora option. By
Juan Gonzalez. Chapter Nine, Colombians and Panamanians: Overcoming Division and Disdain. Harvest of Empire, A History
of Latinos in America.
Luis Eduardo Guarnizo, Arturo Ignacio Sanchez & Elizabeth M. Roach (1999) Mistrust, fragmented solidarity, and transnational
migration: Colombians in New York City and Los Angeles, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 22:2, 367-396, DOI:
Luis Eduardo Guarnizo & Luz Marina Diaz (1999) Transnational migration: a view from Colombia, Ethnic and Racial Studies,
22:2, 397-421, DOI: 10.1080/014198799329530
Colombia Nos Une. Fortaleciendo vinculos con los colombianos en el exterior. http://www.redescolombia.org
Myriam Berube, Migration Information Source, Colombia: In the Crossfire.
Seth Motel and Eileen Patten, Hispanics of Colombian Origin in the United States, 2010, PewResearch Hispanic Center. June 27,
Boston Redevelopment Authority.
Immigration in America, http://immigrationinamerica.org/441-colombian-immigrants.html?newsid=441
Helen B. Narrow, Harvard University, Colombian Americans. http://helenmarrow.com/wp-