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Gad for deped car 2016

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Gender Sensitivity

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Gad for deped car 2016

  1. 1. for BAKAKENG NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL TEACHING AND NON- TEACHING PERSONNEL June 2, 2017 GENDER SENSITIVITY ORIENTATION
  2. 2. • Gender orientation: – NOT an indictment BUT an opportunity to reflect – NOT a classroom BUT a venue for sharing: common and deeper understanding of gender issues – NOT an imposition of a framework BUT a venue for enrichment INTRODUCTION ...
  3. 3. • Four Main Premises: – NOT A WAR OF THE SEXES – NOT ANTI-MALE – BOTH WOMEN AND MEN ARE VICTIMS, ALTHOUGH WOMEN MORE THAN MEN – BOTH HAVE A STAKE IN THE STRUGGLE FOR GENDER EQUALITY
  4. 4. GENDER EQUALITY Women and men equally contributing to and benefiting from development.
  5. 5. REMINDERS: • Listen with an open mind. • Treat each other with respect. • Everyone is a learner, everyone is a teacher/mentor and a coach.
  6. 6. • Keep what is said in the group confidential. Respect others’ right to privacy. • Use “I’ language. • Pass if you wish. • Avoid making assumptions about other people. If anything, assume diversity. • Have fun!
  7. 7. Reflect Focus Relax and have FUN!
  8. 8. • Physical differences between men and women
  9. 9. SEX... • the genetic and physical or biological identity of a person which indicates whether one is a male or female • refers to biologically determined differences between men and women • Reproductive system • External reproductive organs/ ari • Hormones • chromosomes
  10. 10. • A person is born male or female • This is constant and unalterable • It is natural; cannot be changed • Universal
  11. 11. GENDER is . . . * CULTURALLY DETERMINED - refers to socially differentiated roles and characteristics attributed by a given culture to women and men
  12. 12. * SOCIALLY INFLUENCED - refers to socially learned behavior and expectations associated with any of the two sexes
  13. 13. * Relative * Learned through socialization - gender is a product of culture; it is learned * Gender differences are imposed through: • roles • rules • responsibilities • resources
  14. 14. • Frequently, those who follow these gendered social rules are praised; those who defy or violate them are punished • Gender can be changed or altered
  15. 15. GENDER as a social construct • Manipulation • Handling of girls and boys differently • Canalization • Directing children’s attention to gender- appropriate objects • Verbal Appellation (starts with mind conditioning) • Children become what they are told. • Activity Exposure • Children are familiarized with gender- appropriate tasks
  16. 16. SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS... • Family • School • Media • Religion • State • Peers
  17. 17. RULES/ IMPOSITIONS IMPLICATIONS GIRLGIRL  • Pink BOYBOY  • Blue STAGE: INFANCY
  18. 18. RULES/ IMPOSITIONS IMPLICATIONS GIRLGIRL  • No biking • Do not go out (just stay at home) • Should not be active or “sporty” BOYBOY  • Climb trees • Play outside • Do not cry! STAGE: CHILDHOOD DO NOT LEARN RULES OF THE GAME ASSERTIVENESS NOT PRACTICED PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT LIMITING THEIR OPPORTUNITIES TO EXPLORE & DEVELOP DO NOT LEARN HOW TO BE NURTURING DON’T SHOW EMOTIONS LIMITING THEIR POTENTIAL
  19. 19. RULES/ IMPOSITIONS IMPLICATIONS GIRLGIRL  • Should be reserved • Should always be careful: should not stay out at night, etc. BOYBOY  “Boys will be boys”: • Natural for boys to be aggressive • A boy has nothing to lose if he gets into any sexual activity (in fact, he gains his “manhood”) STAGE: TEENS GROW UP NOT TRUSTING HERSELF LOW SELF-STEEM LIMITING THE OPPORTUNITY FOR GIRLS TO BE MORE DECISIVE & INDEPENDENT GROW UP WITH FEAR INDEPENDENCE ASSERTIVENESS – BEING ACTIVE HIGH SELF-ESTEEM VALUES: OKAY LANG MAGING POLYGAMOUS
  20. 20. RULES/ IMPOSITIONS IMPLICATIONS GIRLGIRL  • Infidelity is unacceptable • A woman is complete when she is able to conceive and bear a child BOYBOY  • Natural for men to be polygamous STAGE: ADULTHOOD WALANG KUWENTANG BABAE MASAMANG BABAE (hindi magandang halimbawa) Kung makabuntis o mambabae: OKAY LANG! PALIBHASA LALAKE LALAKE NAMAN EH… GANYAN TALAGA YAN… LALAKE YAN EH…
  21. 21. FAMILY/PARENTS IMPLICATIONS (a.k.a: what is wrong?) Girls given household chores; trained in housework Boys should be aggressive, go out; trained to be decision-makers & leaders INSTITUTIONS... When there are limited resources, girls should just stay home… while boys should have the privilege to go to school since they will be future breadwinners.
  22. 22. FAMILY/HUSBAND & WIFE IMPLICATIONS (a.k.a: what is wrong? •Husband who does house chores (palengke, laba, etc.) •Husband who consults his wife for decisions •Husband who goes home early •Husband who is “going straight” (no vices) •Husband who does not go on “night outs” with friends or office mates IKINAHIHIYA UNDER DE SAYA! RIDICULED BY RELATIVES & FRIENDS Restricting for men Affects his self-esteem
  23. 23.  SCHOOL IMPLICATIONS (a.k.a: what is wrong?) Courses for boys: engineering, medicine, architecture, etc. Courses for girls: nursing, social work, secretarial, education, etc. On out-of-wedlock pregnancy A girl who gets pregnant while studying gets kicked out – but a boy who gets a girl pregnant does not receive sanctions. LIMITING GIRL’S AND BOY’S OPPORTUNITY TO CHOOSE (it is not anymore a matter of choice but has become an imposition)
  24. 24.  CHURCH IMPLICATIONS (a.k.a: what is wrong?) A woman’s virginity is sacred, it should be given as a gift to his husband once married. Wedding rites WORTH AS A WOMAN = VIRGINITY… While for MEN OKAY LANG! (SIKAT PA NGA PAG MAY EXPERIENCE NA) WIFE, submit to your husband. MAN, love your wife.
  25. 25.  PEERS IMPLICATIONS (a.k.a: what is wrong?) Girls should stay beautiful: use cosmetic products, wear nice clothes, stay thin, etc. Boys should always be strong physically (i.e. engage in sports) and emotionally (i.e. should not cry) PAG DI KA MAGANDA IIWAN KA! (Pero bakit di magpaganda para sa sarili?) SELF-WORTH = PHYSICAL (ganda) BIG RESPONSIBILITY OF BEING THE PROVIDER MORE MEN ARE HYPERTENSIVE (because of pent-up emotions)
  26. 26. GOVERNMENT IMPLICATIONS (a.k.a: what is wrong?) Laws favor men (e.g. adultery, concubinage) Men in general get higher pay at work FAVORS MEN LESS OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN TO TAKE LEADERSHIP POSITIONS (i.e. from PTAs to coops, LGUs, and congress) WORK PLACE IMPLICATIONS (a.k.a: what is wrong?) Women in general work in service industries (an extension of their expected role at home) TRABAHO NA, BAHAY PA
  27. 27. MEDIA IMPLICATIONS (a.k.a: what is wrong?) Women in advertisements: • cosmetic ads: convey that for a woman to be loved, dapat maganda, makinis, etc. • other product ads: BUY THIS BEER/LIQUOR/ CAR – and this woman will be yours! Sexy women in noontime shows WOMEN SHOULD ALWAYS BE YOUNG & BEAUTIFUL (self-worth based on men’s perceptions) WOMEN ARE SEX OBJECTS (pangkama, pampagana)
  28. 28. It is because of these gender constructions or impositions that GENDER ISSUES arise. -They surface or get manifested at any stage in a person’s life. Gender Issues - are issues, concerns, and problems arising from different roles played by men and women in society, as well as those that arise from questioning the relationship between them. * gender biases * gender inequality * gender subordination
  29. 29. MANIFESTATIONS OF GENDER BIASES
  30. 30. • Economic marginalization/ exploitation (pagsasantabi/ paglalapastangan) - value of women’s work is undermined - unequal pay for work of equal value - limited access to training, employment, and promotion opportunities
  31. 31. • Subordination (Politikal or Pagmamaliit) - positions of power and leadership are largely dominated by men - women holding elective positions from the national down to local levels are in the minority - Status - Decision Making - Process of Socialization
  32. 32. • Multiple burden - housework and child and family care are still primarily considered as a woman’s concern.
  33. 33. • Gender stereotyping (Pagkakahon) - biased perception of women as the weaker sex - their roles, functions, and abilities are primarily tied at home
  34. 34. • Violence against women - women are more potential victims of all forms of violence (battering, rape, sexual harassment, sexual objects, mail order brides, prostitution, etc)
  35. 35. • Effects on Personhood - low self-esteem - no control over one’s body
  36. 36. Visions & Principles of Good-Fair Society Manifestations of Gender Bias Principles for a Gender-fair Society MARGINALIZATION •Equal pay for work of equal value •Economic opportunity •Economic independence SUBORDINATION •Quality participation in decision-making •Recognition of capabilities MULTIPLE BURDEN •Shared parenting •Shared housework GENDER STEREOTYPING •Liberation form stereotyped images •Non-sexist child rearing •Non-sexist language VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN •Freedom from violence •Freedom from harassment PERSONAL •Personhood development •Control over one’s body The Person is Political
  37. 37. Development must benefit both men and women GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT - is about removing explicit, implicit, actual and potential gender biases within organizations and programs, projects and activities of those who are concerned with development
  38. 38. GENDER MAINSTREAMING - refers to strategies and processes to integrate gender-responsive goals in the directions, policies, programs, projects, activities, and services of government and non- government organizations.
  39. 39. THE END GOAL OF GENDER MAIN- STREAMING IS TO ENABLE MEN AND WOMEN TO EQUALLY CONTRIBUTE TO DEVELOPMENT AND BENEFIT FROM ITS FRUITS.
  40. 40. GENDER EQUALITY Women and men equally contributing to and benefiting from development.
  41. 41. FOR EVERY WOMAN who is tired of acting weak when she knows she is strong; * THERE IS A MAN who is tired of appearing strong when he feels vulnerable. .
  42. 42. FOR EVERY WOMAN who is tired of acting dumb, * THERE IS A MAN who is burdened with the constant expectation of knowing everything.
  43. 43. FOR EVERY WOMAN who is tired of being called “an emotional female” * THERE IS A MAN who is denied the right to weep and be gentle.
  44. 44. FOR EVERY WOMAN who feels “tied down” by her children, * THERE IS A MAN who is denied the full pleasure of shared parenthood.
  45. 45. FOR EVERY WOMAN who is denied meaningful employment and equal pay, * THERE IS A MAN who must bear full financial responsibility for another human being.
  46. 46. FOR EVERY WOMAN who was not taught the intricacies of an automobile, * THERE IS A MAN who was not taught the satisfaction of cooking.
  47. 47. FOR EVERY WOMAN who takes a step toward her own liberation, * THERE IS A MAN who finds that the way to freedom has been made a little easier.
  48. 48. LET'S HAVE A WONDERFUL DAY AHEAD! Thank You! LOURDES B. LOMAS-E, EdD PSDS, BAGUIO CITY DIVISION

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