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Memory revision multiple choice test


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Memory revision multiple choice test

  1. 1. Unit 3 2012 Memory Revision
  2. 2. A) An inability to generate coherent sentences B) Minimal functional deficit in memory abilities C) A lack of coordination for procedural memories D) An ability to remember past memories but no ability to form new ones
  3. 3. Fred was in an accident which damaged his amygdala. Which of the following would he have most difficulty with since the accident? A) Reading books B) Riding his bike C) Having emotional content in his memories D) To consolidation process
  4. 4. Kandel’s research into memory formation found that A) Aplysia were more intelligent than dolphins B) Biochemical changes in synaptic function form different types of memories C) Neuronal changes due to learning were not verified in other species, so his findings could not be verified D) Neuronal biochemical changes were inconsistent between different species
  5. 5. It has been suggested that differences in memory ability across individual’s lifespan are due to A) Higher levels of confidence in elderly people when asked to learn or remember new information B) Quicker processing of information by elderly people within tests of memory retention when requiring recall C) An improvement in neural functioning within the central nervous system of elderly people D) Lower motivation among elderly people to remember new and meaningless information
  6. 6. Impairment of memory for events that occur prior to severe head injury is called A) Anterograde amnesia B) Repression C) Retrograde amnesia D) Selective forgetting
  7. 7. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease? A) Deterioration of the hippocampus B) The accumulation of fatty deposits within the brain C) Progressive decay of tissue within the cerebral cortex D) Dramatic degradation of the reticular activating system
  8. 8. An anterograde amnesiac was tested for her memory span for unrelated nouns. What is your best guess about how many items she remembered A) Zero B) Four C) Seven D) nine
  9. 9. _______ refers to the process of maintaining information in our memory. A) Encoding B) Acquisition C) Retention D) Recording
  10. 10. In order for memory to be useful, it must be A) Recorded B) Retrieved C) Linked to episodic contexts D) Decoded according to phonemic characteristics
  11. 11. The word flower is flashed on a screen. A mental picture of the word flower represents a _____ code; the definition part of a plant used for decoration represents a ______code; and sounds like tower represents a ______ code. A) structural; semantic; phonemic B) Iconic; semantic; episodic C) Phonemic; structural; semantic D) Iconic; structural; echoic
  12. 12. A neurodegenerative disease is best described as A) A brain trauma B) An inflicted or acquired brain injury C) A brain-related disorder associated with older people D) A progressive decline in the structure and/or function of neurons in the central nervous system
  13. 13. ______ determines what information moves from sensory memory to short-term memory. A) Chunking B) Consolidation C) Encoding D) Selective attention
  14. 14. _______ provides a way of improving the efficiency of short term memory by re-organising information into larger units. A) Chunking B) Consolidation C) Encoding D) Categorisation
  15. 15. Theories of short term memory propose that its duration can be prolonged by; A) The formation of echoes B) Rehearsal C) Counting aloud to prevent new input D) The use of iconic imagery
  16. 16. Our episodic memory contains A) Personal recollections of life events B) Factual memory C) Chronological information D) Knowledge of how to do things
  17. 17. In free recall, good memory performance for the items at the end of the list is called; A) Displacement B) The primacy effect C) The latency effect D) The recency effect
  18. 18. Short term memory stores A) A limited amount of information while it is required for further manipulation B) All forms of data, provided it is chunked into larger units of information C) Only information retrieved from our LTM D) All of the details gathered by our sensory systems until it is permanently encoded into our LTM
  19. 19. The average number of bits of information that can usually be processed within short term memory is A) 3 B) 5 C) 7 D) 9
  20. 20. As short term memory can only store information for approximately_____ seconds, the process of ______ may be used to hold onto this information while it is needed A) 18-20; chunking B) 3-4; selective attention C) 3-4; semantic encoding D) 18-20; maintenance rehearsal
  21. 21. Maintenance rehearsal is to elaborative rehearsal as A) Deep processing is to shallow processing B) Rote repetition is to semantic encoding C) Organisation is to chunking D) Decoding is to clustering
  22. 22. What type of memory retains autobiographical information and factual knowledge? A) Declarative memory B) Episodic memory C) Procedural memory D) Semantic memory
  23. 23. When listening to a speaker, you store the information that you are hearing in ________until you are able to write it down. A) Semantic B) Sensory C) Short term D) storage
  24. 24. Participants in an ERA are briefly shown a group of four letters to remember. They are then asked to count backward by threes from 547. What would you expect to happen? A) Recall of the letters declines rapidly after about 4 secs. B) Recall of the letters declines rapidly after about 20 secs C) There is no forgetting because four is less than the magic number 7 + 2 D) Since the numbers and letters come from different categories, there is not retrograde interference, hence no forgetting
  25. 25. Linden is presented with a word. His task is now to come up with a word of opposite meaning in the shortest possible time. This experiment requires; A) Episodic memory B) Procedural memory C) Semantic memory D) Short-term memory
  26. 26. Jack makes a grocery list with ten items listed. When he gets to the store, he realises he forgot the list and can only recall the first part of the list. This is referred to as; A) The recency effect B) The primacy effect C) The immediacy effect D) The latency effect
  27. 27. Which of the following aspects of working memory would be involved in repeating a phone number in our head until we could dial it? A) The phonological loop B) The visuo-spatial sketchpad C) The central executive D) Elaborative rehearsal
  28. 28. The concept of working memory differs from the original concept of short term memory in that; A) Information within working memory can be displaced due to interference, whereas short term memories can be lost because of decay B) Short term memory is a temporary storage system, whereas working memory does not actually store that data it is processing C) Working memory includes a processing system along with storage; short term memory just stores information D) Working memory flows from the sensory register and is followed by short term memory
  29. 29. ________ involves the inability to retrieve, recall, or recognise information that is in long term memory. A) Displacement B) Disuse C) Forgetting D) Interference
  30. 30. According to Freud, the process whereby a person intentionally tries to think about other things in order to forget unpleasant memories is called; A) Psychogenic amnesia B) Decay C) Psychogenic interference D) Suppression
  31. 31. According to the _______ theory of forgetting, sensory impressions and acquired knowledge of facts leave memory traces that fade away with time or lack of use. A) Decay B) Interference C) Consolidation D) Repression
  32. 32. Lachie is trying to remember the name of a new girl he met the day before. He knows her name begins with P but he is unable to retrieve the name. His difficulty is known as A) State-dependent forgetting B) The tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon C) Explicit memory failure D) Consolidation failure
  33. 33. After you move house and are given a new phone number, you find that you have trouble remembering it because your old phone number keeps getting in the way. You are experiencing A) Retrograde amnesia B) Anterograde amnesia C) Context-dependent memory D) Proactive interference
  34. 34. It is suggested that study is followed by _______ in order to minimise the effects of interference on the retention of information A) Watching TV B) Studying similar material C) Studying different subject material D) Rest
  35. 35. Ebbinghaus’ research into forgetting suggests that A) We forget at a steady rate B) We forget slowly at first and then more rapidly as time progresses C) We forget rapidly at first and then more slowly as time progresses D) The method of relearning demonstrates that we never really forget material that we learn.
  36. 36. In one of your classes last week, you were introduced to some material that was quite dry and boring. You were determined to learn it and succeeded in doing so but have not had the chance to revise it since. How much material can you expect to have forgotten an hour afterwards? A) 20 % B) 40% C) 66% D) around 50%
  37. 37. Which of the following is the least sensitive measure of memory retention? A) Recognition B) Recall C) Relearning D) Retrieval
  38. 38. Students who go to uni find it easier to study a foreign language they learned in secondary school. This illustrates A) Recall B) Relearning C) Rehearsal D) Recognition
  39. 39. A question in your psychology exam requires you to describe the differences between the different levels of memory. This type of question uses which measure of retention? A) Recognition B) Recall C) Relearning D) Retrieval
  40. 40. The mnemonic technique in which an individual employs one is a bun, two is a shoe... is called the A) Narrative chaining B) Chunking C) Acrostic D) Peg word method
  41. 41. People sometimes use the phrase ‘my very elegant mother just sits under new potatoes’ to remember the names and order of the planets. This is and example of A) An acrostic B) Narrative chaining C) Method of loci D) An acronym
  42. 42. Sometimes witnesses are taken back to the scene of the crime by the police because they believe that witnesses will have better recall due to A) Context cues B) Re-living the event C) Mnemonic triggers D) State-dependent cues