Fundamentals of the Shot
What is a Scene? <ul><li>  A combination of shots that shows the action that takes place in one location or setting </li><...
What is a Shot? <ul><li>A continuous view filmed from one perspective  </li></ul>
Shot Description <ul><li>Camera framing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How close or far a subject is from the camera. </li></ul></u...
Camera Framing <ul><li>Extreme long (wide) shot  </li></ul><ul><li>Long (wide) shot </li></ul><ul><li>Medium shot  </li></...
Extreme Long Shot <ul><li>Establishes the location or setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Western landscape </li></ul><...
Long Shot <ul><li>Frames the entire height of a person, with the head near the top of the frame and the feet near the bott...
Medium Shot <ul><li>Frames an individual from either the waist up, or from the knees. </li></ul>
Close-up Shot <ul><li>Shows a character from the shoulders to the top of the head </li></ul>
Camera Angles <ul><li>High-angle shot </li></ul><ul><li>Low-angle shot </li></ul><ul><li>Eye-level shot </li></ul><ul><li>...
High-angle Shot <ul><li>A camera placed higher than the subject (not directly overhead) and tilted downward </li></ul>
Low-angle Shot <ul><li>A camera placed lower than the subject and tilted upward </li></ul>
Eye-level Shot <ul><li>The camera is positioned at eye-level with a character. </li></ul>
Bird’s Eye View <ul><li>The camera is positioned directly overhead of the action </li></ul>
Canted Shot <ul><li>The camera is tilted so that the subject appears to be diagonal and off-balance. </li></ul>
Three-quarter Shot <ul><li>Positions the camera between a frontal angle and a profile shot. </li></ul>
Over-the-shoulder Shot <ul><li>Positions the camera over the shoulder of one character, revealing part of the backside of ...
Camera Movement <ul><li>Pan  </li></ul><ul><li>Tilt </li></ul><ul><li>Crane  </li></ul><ul><li>Dolly  </li></ul><ul><li>Tr...
Pan Shot <ul><li>A fixed camera pivots on its axis turning from left to right for the purpose of following the action with...
Tilt Shot <ul><li>  A fixed camera that moves on it vertical axis, tilting up or down </li></ul>
Crane Shot <ul><li>The camera is positioned on a crane. It can cover great distances and produce unusual camera angles. </...
Dolly Shot <ul><li>The camera moves toward a subject (dolly-in) or away from a subject (dolly-out). </li></ul>
Tracking Shot <ul><li>The camera tracks alongside of the object or person. </li></ul>
Zoom Shot <ul><li>Camera stays stationary as the focal length of a lens zooms in or out. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing get...
Static Shot <ul><li>The camera doesn't move, although the objects within the shot may be in motion. </li></ul>
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Cameratechniquessummary

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Cameratechniquessummary

  1. 1. Fundamentals of the Shot
  2. 2. What is a Scene? <ul><li>  A combination of shots that shows the action that takes place in one location or setting </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a Shot? <ul><li>A continuous view filmed from one perspective </li></ul>
  4. 4. Shot Description <ul><li>Camera framing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How close or far a subject is from the camera. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Camera angles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Angling of the camera from which you view the subject. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Camera movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The movement of the camera forward, backward, left, right, up, and down </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Camera Framing <ul><li>Extreme long (wide) shot </li></ul><ul><li>Long (wide) shot </li></ul><ul><li>Medium shot </li></ul><ul><li>Close-up shot </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme close-up </li></ul><ul><li>Two shot </li></ul>
  6. 6. Extreme Long Shot <ul><li>Establishes the location or setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Western landscape </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Long Shot <ul><li>Frames the entire height of a person, with the head near the top of the frame and the feet near the bottom </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the location, characters, and action </li></ul>
  8. 8. Medium Shot <ul><li>Frames an individual from either the waist up, or from the knees. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Close-up Shot <ul><li>Shows a character from the shoulders to the top of the head </li></ul>
  10. 10. Camera Angles <ul><li>High-angle shot </li></ul><ul><li>Low-angle shot </li></ul><ul><li>Eye-level shot </li></ul><ul><li>Bird’s eye view </li></ul><ul><li>Worm's eye view </li></ul><ul><li>Canted shot </li></ul><ul><li>Three-quarter shot </li></ul><ul><li>Over-the-shoulder shot </li></ul>
  11. 11. High-angle Shot <ul><li>A camera placed higher than the subject (not directly overhead) and tilted downward </li></ul>
  12. 12. Low-angle Shot <ul><li>A camera placed lower than the subject and tilted upward </li></ul>
  13. 13. Eye-level Shot <ul><li>The camera is positioned at eye-level with a character. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Bird’s Eye View <ul><li>The camera is positioned directly overhead of the action </li></ul>
  15. 15. Canted Shot <ul><li>The camera is tilted so that the subject appears to be diagonal and off-balance. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Three-quarter Shot <ul><li>Positions the camera between a frontal angle and a profile shot. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Over-the-shoulder Shot <ul><li>Positions the camera over the shoulder of one character, revealing part of the backside of their head and shoulders, and focuses on the character facing the camera in the background </li></ul>
  18. 18. Camera Movement <ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Tilt </li></ul><ul><li>Crane </li></ul><ul><li>Dolly </li></ul><ul><li>Track </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom </li></ul><ul><li>Static </li></ul>
  19. 19. Pan Shot <ul><li>A fixed camera pivots on its axis turning from left to right for the purpose of following the action within a shot </li></ul>
  20. 20. Tilt Shot <ul><li>  A fixed camera that moves on it vertical axis, tilting up or down </li></ul>
  21. 21. Crane Shot <ul><li>The camera is positioned on a crane. It can cover great distances and produce unusual camera angles. </li></ul><ul><li>The most obvious uses are to view the actors from above or to move up and away from them. It is a common way of ending a movie. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Dolly Shot <ul><li>The camera moves toward a subject (dolly-in) or away from a subject (dolly-out). </li></ul>
  23. 23. Tracking Shot <ul><li>The camera tracks alongside of the object or person. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Zoom Shot <ul><li>Camera stays stationary as the focal length of a lens zooms in or out. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing gets ‘tighter’ if the camera zooms in. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing gets ‘looser’ if the camera zooms out. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Static Shot <ul><li>The camera doesn't move, although the objects within the shot may be in motion. </li></ul>

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