DREAMING
Chapter 7 (page 85)
HAVE YOU HAD ANY
STRANGE DREAMS LATELY?
5 minutes
DOES EVERYBODY DREAM?
On average, people dream 4-5 times per night.
Over 95% dreams are forgotten.
Low dream recallers ...
WHEN DO DREAMS OCCUR?
Anytime during sleep.
• 90% during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
Throughout sleep, we shift betw...
REM SLEEP
SLEEP CYCLE
NREM SLEEP
SLEEP CYCLE
WHY DO WE DREAM?
• Spiritual guidance?
• Can dreams transform our life and
guide us to greater wholeness and well-
being?
...
DO DREAMS HAVE MEANING?
Psychoanalytic dream theory – Sigmund Freud
• Yes, dreams have meaning.
The problem-solving theo...
PSYCHOANALYTIC
DREAM THEORY
Sigmund Frued
“I’M NAKED!”
Vulnerability or feelings of shamefulness. Hiding
something and are afraid that others can see right
through...
“I’M BEING CHASED!”
Dealing with fears and anxieties.
Feelings of anger, jealousy, fear, and
possibly love.
If you are ...
“MY TEETH ARE FALLING!”
Anxieties about your appearance and how
others perceive you.
Fear of being embarrassed or making...
“I’M FLYING!”
Flying with ease = You are on top of a situation.
Having difficulties staying in flight = lack of
power in...
“I’M FALLING!”
Insecure, unstable, anxious
about something.
“I FAILED THE TEST.”
You are being judged.
Anxiety or agitation.
Lack of self-esteem.
Unprepared for a challenge.
PROBLEM-SOLVING
THEORY
Cartwright et. al. (1998)
ACTIVATION –
SYNTHESIS THEORY
Hobson & McCarley
OTHER FORMS OF DREAMING
Lucid dreams
• You can train yourself to be aware of when you are
dreaming and to take control of...
SLEEP LABORATORIES
 Research in sleep laboratories monitor brainwave activity and
other physiological processes.
 Partic...
ASSIGNMENT
 REM & NREM sleep
 Psychoanalytic dream theory
 Activation-synthesis theory
 Problem-solving theory
 Lucid...
Psychology: Dreaming. by Janice Fung.
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Psychology: Dreaming. by Janice Fung.

  1. 1. DREAMING Chapter 7 (page 85)
  2. 2. HAVE YOU HAD ANY STRANGE DREAMS LATELY? 5 minutes
  3. 3. DOES EVERYBODY DREAM? On average, people dream 4-5 times per night. Over 95% dreams are forgotten. Low dream recallers vs. High dream recallers. • Low dream recallers tend to wake up slowly and experience, on waking, more electrical shifts of activity between brain hemispheres.
  4. 4. WHEN DO DREAMS OCCUR? Anytime during sleep. • 90% during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Throughout sleep, we shift between non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and REM sleep. Cycle is average 90 minutes. • The amount of time spent in REM sleep increases as the time spent sleeping increases.
  5. 5. REM SLEEP SLEEP CYCLE NREM SLEEP
  6. 6. SLEEP CYCLE
  7. 7. WHY DO WE DREAM? • Spiritual guidance? • Can dreams transform our life and guide us to greater wholeness and well- being? • What do you think?
  8. 8. DO DREAMS HAVE MEANING? Psychoanalytic dream theory – Sigmund Freud • Yes, dreams have meaning. The problem-solving theory • Dreams have meaning but don’t need to be analysed Activation-Synthesis theory – Hobson and McCarley • No, dreams do not have meaning.
  9. 9. PSYCHOANALYTIC DREAM THEORY Sigmund Frued
  10. 10. “I’M NAKED!” Vulnerability or feelings of shamefulness. Hiding something and are afraid that others can see right through you. Proud of your nakedness = Symbolizes unrestricted freedom. http://dreammoods.com
  11. 11. “I’M BEING CHASED!” Dealing with fears and anxieties. Feelings of anger, jealousy, fear, and possibly love. If you are the one doing the chasing = Drive and ambition.
  12. 12. “MY TEETH ARE FALLING!” Anxieties about your appearance and how others perceive you. Fear of being embarrassed or making a fool of yourself in some situation.
  13. 13. “I’M FLYING!” Flying with ease = You are on top of a situation. Having difficulties staying in flight = lack of power in controlling your own circumstances. Fear of flying = Afraid of challenges and success.
  14. 14. “I’M FALLING!” Insecure, unstable, anxious about something.
  15. 15. “I FAILED THE TEST.” You are being judged. Anxiety or agitation. Lack of self-esteem. Unprepared for a challenge.
  16. 16. PROBLEM-SOLVING THEORY Cartwright et. al. (1998)
  17. 17. ACTIVATION – SYNTHESIS THEORY Hobson & McCarley
  18. 18. OTHER FORMS OF DREAMING Lucid dreams • You can train yourself to be aware of when you are dreaming and to take control of your dreams. Daydreams • Normal state of consciousness (not asleep). • Pay attention to our own thoughts and ignore the external world. • Usually positive. • 1/3 to 1/2 of our waking life daydreaming.
  19. 19. SLEEP LABORATORIES  Research in sleep laboratories monitor brainwave activity and other physiological processes.  Participants can be woken and asked to recall dreams before they forget them.  Data can be matched up with how the participant was feeling before going to sleep and with physiological recordings.  Limitations?
  20. 20. ASSIGNMENT  REM & NREM sleep  Psychoanalytic dream theory  Activation-synthesis theory  Problem-solving theory  Lucid dreams and daydreams  Research on your group topic and present a 5-minute documentary!

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