HAVE YOU HAD ANY
STRANGE DREAMS LATELY?
DOES EVERYBODY DREAM?
On average, people dream 4-5 times per night.
Over 95% dreams are forgotten.
Low dream recallers vs. High dream recallers.
• Low dream recallers tend to wake up slowly and
experience, on waking, more electrical shifts of activity
between brain hemispheres.
WHEN DO DREAMS OCCUR?
Anytime during sleep.
• 90% during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
Throughout sleep, we shift between non-rapid eye
movement (NREM) and REM sleep.
Cycle is average 90 minutes.
• The amount of time spent in REM sleep increases as
the time spent sleeping increases.
WHY DO WE DREAM?
• Spiritual guidance?
• Can dreams transform our life and
guide us to greater wholeness and well-
• What do you think?
DO DREAMS HAVE MEANING?
Psychoanalytic dream theory – Sigmund Freud
• Yes, dreams have meaning.
The problem-solving theory
• Dreams have meaning but don’t need to be analysed
Activation-Synthesis theory – Hobson and McCarley
• No, dreams do not have meaning.
Vulnerability or feelings of shamefulness. Hiding
something and are afraid that others can see right
Proud of your nakedness = Symbolizes
“I’M BEING CHASED!”
Dealing with fears and anxieties.
Feelings of anger, jealousy, fear, and
If you are the one doing the chasing
= Drive and ambition.
“MY TEETH ARE FALLING!”
Anxieties about your appearance and how
others perceive you.
Fear of being embarrassed or making a
fool of yourself in some situation.
Flying with ease = You are on top of a situation.
Having difficulties staying in flight = lack of
power in controlling your own circumstances.
Fear of flying = Afraid of challenges and success.
Insecure, unstable, anxious
“I FAILED THE TEST.”
You are being judged.
Anxiety or agitation.
Lack of self-esteem.
Unprepared for a challenge.
Cartwright et. al. (1998)
Hobson & McCarley
OTHER FORMS OF DREAMING
• You can train yourself to be aware of when you are
dreaming and to take control of your dreams.
• Normal state of consciousness (not asleep).
• Pay attention to our own thoughts and ignore the external
• Usually positive.
• 1/3 to 1/2 of our waking life daydreaming.
Research in sleep laboratories monitor brainwave activity and
other physiological processes.
Participants can be woken and asked to recall dreams before they
Data can be matched up with how the participant was feeling
before going to sleep and with physiological recordings.
REM & NREM sleep
Psychoanalytic dream theory
Lucid dreams and daydreams
Research on your group topic and present a 5-minute documentary!