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What is play


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What is play

  1. 1. What is play? In Search of a Definition…
  2. 2. “Play is a child’s work.” Maria Montessori
  3. 3. “Play is what we enjoy while we do it.” – John Dewey
  4. 4. “Play may be defined as behavior that is intrinsically motivated, freely chosen, process oriented and pleasurable.” - J. E. Johnson and J. Ershler
  5. 5. “Play is pleasurable, enjoyable. Play has no extrinsic goals. Play is spontaneous and voluntary. Play involves some active engagement on the part of the players.” - C. Garvey
  6. 6. “A man is most human….when he plays.” – M.J. Ellis
  7. 7. “Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood for it alone is the free expression of what is in a child’s soul.” - Fredrick Froebel
  8. 8. “Play is the principal business of childhood.” - Jerome Bruner
  9. 9. “Play is an experimental dialogue with the environment.” – Irenaus Eibl-Eibesfeldt
  10. 10. “It is a happy talent to know how to play” - Ralph Waldo Emerson - Peturson, R., &Richards, K. Play: A world of learning. Retrieved October 20, 2008 from main.htm. Used with permission of the Greater Essex County District School Board.