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RMIT BA Fine Art Students Presentation - Berlin City of Art & Culture

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  • So why did we choose Berlin – in some ways how could we not have. As a city of culture the statistics are staggering
  • Cheaper – like NY (like New York in 1960s) Berliner dome East side G – public funding comes from EU and German gov
  • Berlin too large to see everying
  • What – 1.3 km long section of the Berlin Wall Ostbahnhof station to the Oberbaumbrücke International memorial for hope and freedom Longest–lasting open air gallery How Open on Sept 28, 1990 Berlin Wall came down in 1989 Over 118 artists from 21 countries have painted on a 1,316 meter long section of the Berlin Wall Founded by merger of two German artists’s associations VBK and BBk
  • Head of Architecture Bauhaus East German art also represented Description (Local Name: Neue Nationalgalerie) The Berlin New National Gallery, a two-part steel and glass structure designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was built in 1965-68. It consists of a square hall and a basement structure housing the collection. At the north and south ends of the building, flights of steps lead up to the platform on the roof of the basement structure, and the entrance is approached by another flight of steps on the main front. The terrace is adorned with sculptures by Alexander Calder, Henry Moore, Joannis Avramidis and George Rickey. The collection consists of pictures, sculptures and drawings of the 19th and 20th C., including the Realists, the German school in Rome, the French and German Impressionists, the Expressionists, the Bauhaus, the Surrealists and contemporary art as well as a good selection of American paintings. The most important artists represented include: Adolph von Menzel ("The Dinner Dance," "The Flute Concert," "Crown Prince Frederick visits the artist Pesne on the scaffolding in Rheinsberg," "The Balcony Room" and "Theatre du Gymnase"); Honoré Daumier; Camille Corot; Arnold Böcklin; Anselm Feuerbach ("The Oarsmen"); Lovis Corinth ("Self-portrait"); Edouard Manet ("In a Winter Garden"); Auguste Renoir ("In Summer"); Edvard Munch ("The Frieze of Life"); George Grosz ("Pillars of Society"); Max Beckmann ("Picture of the George Family"); Max Ernst ("Capricorn"). The gallery incorporates the old 19th C. gallery in Jebenstrasse and also puts on periodic special exhibitions. Associated with the gallery are a workshop for the restoration of pictures and drawings, a reference library and a large collection of slides. As the gallery is already bursting at the seams, the works of the Biedermeier period and those of the German Romantics were moved in the autumn of 1986 to the Knobelsdorff Wing in Charlottenburg Palace. There is also a "Forum of Topical Art" in the hall on the ground floor of the Grundkreditbank at Budapester Str. 35. < Less Hobbies & Activities category: Paintings, art collections;  Modern art Address Berlin New National Gallery Potsdamerstrasse 50 D-10785 Berlin Germany / Calder: Calling them "stabiles," a play on the words stable and mobile, examples of classic Alexander Calder sculptures include Têtes et Queue in Berlin and Shiva in Kansas City. New National Gallery The New National Gallery, the famous "temple of light and glass" designed by Mies van der Rohe, houses the collection of 20th century European painting and sculpture. Ranging from early modern art to art of the 1960s, the collection includes works by Munch, Kirchner, Picasso, Klee, Feininger, Dix, Kokoschka, and many others. Each year, a number of special exhibitions are on show at the New National Gallery. During temporary exhibitions, the permanent collection is not on view. The collection The New National Gallery is dedicated to collecting and exhibiting international art from the 20th century. The museum was founded in the 1960s, the result of a search for a permanent place to house modern art in the western part of the then divided city. After the Second World War, parts of the original collection were expanded with a series of principal acquisitions and provisionally placed on view as part of the ‘Gallery of the Twentieth Century’ in Charlottenburg and Tiergarten. It was against this backdrop that the architect Mies van der Rohe was commissioned to construct a permanent home for the collection of modern art at the Kulturforum opposite the Philharmonie. In 1968, the New National Gallery opened its doors and was soon to become celebrated around the world as a shining symbol of modern architecture. With his pavilion construction suffused with light, Mies van der Rohe had created an open universal space that is unique and which allows each exhibition held inside it to become an exciting event in itself. Modern Art Collection Today, the New National Gallery forms one of a total of six pillars that together make up the National Gallery; with the other five being: the Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery) on the Museum Island Berlin, the Museum Berggruen and the Sammlung Scharf-Gerstenberg in Charlottenburg, the Hamburger Bahnhof – Museum für Gegenwart – Berlin in Tiergarten and the Friedrichswerder Church at Schlossplatz. With its large and multifaceted collection of modern art, the New National Gallery ranks as one of the most important museums in Europe. Paintings such as ‘Potsdamer Platz’ by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner or the radical picture ‘Who’s Afraid of Red, Yellow and Blue’ by Barnett Newman have become hallmarks of the collection. An overall focus is placed on European and North American painting and sculpture from 1900 to the late 20th century and includes numerous key works by artists such as Pablo Picasso, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Max Beckmann, Otto Dix, Paul Klee, Francis Bacon, Ernst Wilhelm Nay, Barnett Newman, Frank Stella, Sigmar Polke and Gerhard Richter. From a chronological perspective, the modern art collection on display in the New National Gallery leads on directly from the collection of the Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery), beginning with works by Ferdinand Hodler and Edvard Munch. Outstanding works by Pablo Picasso, George Braque and Juan Gris pay testament to the possibilities of Cubism. The various new modes of expression created by expressionism all arose during an extraordinarily intense period and can be best glimpsed at in the many works by the ‘Brücke’ group of artists, which included Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Otto Mueller, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Erich Heckel and Emil Nolde. Kirchner’s ‘Potsdamer Platz’, for instance, from 1914 is a painting which seems to both sum up and define its epoch and depicts the pulsating life at what was at the time the busiest intersection in Europe. Among the other essential pieces in the collection are works by Max Beckmann, Otto Dix, George Grosz and Oskar Kokoschka. The works by Dix and Grosz document a veristic, politically motivated concept of art after the First World War, as well as showing their subsequent move towards New Objectivity. Important masters of the Bauhaus are similarly represented in the collection through the works of Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky and Lyonel Feininger; while the Surrealist trends of the late 1920s and the 1930s come to be represented in the works of Giorgio De Chirico, Max Ernst and Salvador Dalí. The many diverse changes that came with the period directly after the Second World War – abstraction and the rise of new forms of realism – are also widely reflected in the collection. Works presented as a gift by the Munich-based art dealer, Otto van de Loo, for instance, are testament to the free, informal painting of such artist groups as Cobra and Spur. The rich diversity of forms inherent in other important international movements such as Zero or Nouveau Réalisme are also depicted in the collection. Furthermore, the major new artistic impetus by the Americans around 1960 can now be clearly felt within the collection, thanks to a series of sensational acquisitions by the former Director of the National Gallery, Dieter Honisch, of works by the likes of Frank Stella and Ellsworth Kelly, or the spiritually charged colour spaces by Mark Rothko and Barnett Newman. This insight into the ‘triumph of painting’ is then enriched still further by examples of European colour field painting, with works by Rupprecht Geiger, Imi Knoebel and Günter Förg. Since German reunification, the art of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) has also found its place in the collection, and is currently represented in the New National Gallery more widely than in any other public museum. The exhibition reflects the entire spectrum of artistic creation in East Germany up to 1989, so that alongside such central figures as Werner Tübke, Bernhard Heisig and Wolfgang Mattheuer, the works and artistic standpoints of other artists such as Harald Metzkes, Walter Libuda and Werner Stötzer are also on display. The broadly sweeping overview of modern art in the New National Gallery ends with the principal trends of the late 20th century, such as conceptual art, as seen in Hanne Darboven and Roman Opalka, or the beginnings of a post-modern style of painting rich in allusions, in the likes of Sigmar Polke and Gerhard Richter. ‘Directional Forces’, a key work by Joseph Beuys, was actually originally created for display at the New National Gallery. The work, however, is now shown in the Hamburger Bahnhof - Museum für Gegenwart - Berlin – another of the six National Gallery sites, in which the collection of modern art is continued and encompasses the current developments of the present day. The New National Gallery’s terrace provided a particularly prominent space for large-scale pieces of sculpture from the 20th century. Even from afar, Barnett Newman’s ‘Broken Obelisk’ can be seen greeting visitors as they approach the building. Alongside the kinetic metal sculpture by George Rickey, the works by Henry Moore and Alexander Calder stand out most, both of which have belonged to the museum from its inception. Many other pieces of sculpture – by artists from Renoir to Rückriem – are on permanent display in the museum’s garden.
  • Here shown on revolving dais that you would find in fashion displays Older woman wearing a widow’s veil – typical for prostitutes Green nightmarish colour – danger lurking at every corner Street tipped toward us – we are being pulled into the space
  • The Bauhaus archive has an extensive collection of paintings, drawings and sculptures by Bauhaus masters and students. The collection of prints and drawings now consists of more than 8,500 sheets. The archive's specialist library, which has around 22,000 volumes and is open to the public, has the most extensive collection of literature associated with the Bauhaus movement and its artists, architects and designers. With approx. 50,000 photos and 1,500 Ektachromes (films), the fascinating picture archive on the history of the Bauhaus has become an essential point of contact for international research institutions and publishing companies.
  • Museum Brandt studied at Bauhuas and became head of metal work department The Bauhaus was the twentieth century's most important school of design, architecture and art. Its programs and products have maintained their influence on design up to the present day. Objects from our collection, which is the world's largest on the subject and represents the entire spectrum of Bauhaus activities, will be presented in the spacious galleries of the museum throughout the year 2008: architecture, furniture, ceramics, metalwork, photography, stage pieces and student work from the Preliminary Course, as well as works created by the school's famous teachers: Walter Gropius, Johannes Itten, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger, Wassily Kandinsky, Josef Albers, Oskar Schlemmer, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The Bauhaus Archive presents parts of its collection in a permanent exhibition The Bauhaus Collection - Classic Modern Originals. Temporary special exhibitions are dedicated to individual artists, or to topical themes in the fields of art, architecture, and modern design.
  • Ivan Panin Russian Mathematician Berlin major centre of culture
  • Berlin

    1. 1. LOOK INTO BERLIN: Major Centre of Modern & Contemporary Art Brought to you by: CharmineChoi Edmond Lui Jane McAulay Zoe Cheng
    2. 2. <ul><li>3 opera houses </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1500 theatres and stages </li></ul><ul><li>More than 175 museums and collections </li></ul><ul><li>450 galleries (authorities estimate that one new gallery opens every week) </li></ul><ul><li>In excess of 250 public libraries </li></ul><ul><li>130 cinemas and a multitude of other cultural possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO site – Museum Island </li></ul><ul><li>Annual cultural budget of almost one billion euros per year! </li></ul>BERLIN: World Leader of Culture
    3. 3. Why Important Contemporary Art Centre? <ul><li>Attracts artists from all over the world for many reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting from historical and political perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After Unification artists stayed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditionally city of pleasure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major art school - Hochschule de kunste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign students encouraged to study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social & Financial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheaper to live than many other major European cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More space – East German buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government and public funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural Opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For interaction with other arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To look at great art first hand </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. YOUR ITINERARY: for lovers of Modern and Contemporary art/ culture DAY 1 Public Art AM East Side Gallery PM/ Evening Orientation Trip: Including Potsdamer Platz & Reichstag Dome DAY 2 Modern Art AM New National Gallery PM Bauhaus Archives Evening Jürgen Stumpf Weinerein DAY 3 Memorial Art AM Jewish Museum AM Holocaust Memorial Evening Tiergarten Park & Beer Gardens DAY 4 Contemporary Art AM Hambuger Bahnhof Museum PM/ Evening Kunsthaus Tachles
    5. 5. Day 1 DAY 1 Public Art
    6. 6. EAST SIDE GALLERY <ul><li>Not a gallery but a 1.3 km long section of the Berlin Wall </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Wall came down in 1989 and gallery opened Sept 28, 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 118 artists from 21 countries have painted on a 1,316 meter long section of the Berlin Wall </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by two German artist’s associations VBK and BBk </li></ul>Day 1 - Public Art
    7. 7. <ul><li>Thierry Noir & Christophe Bouchet (first artists - started painting 1984) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fugitive, bright, flat-faced cartoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbol of new found freedom after the reunification of Germany and the end of the cold war </li></ul></ul>Day 1 - Public Art <ul><li>Dimitri Vrubel (1990) ‘Brotherly Kiss’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God, help me survive this deadly love” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brezhnev and Honecker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialist virtue of brotherhood among men </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Changing Importance </li></ul><ul><li>After Unification : forgotten and crumbling </li></ul><ul><li>Late 20th C : Restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Summer 2009: Reopened (20 th anniversary) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original artists and international artists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today’s Upkeep: Lottery & private funds </li></ul>Day 1 - Public Art <ul><li>www. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    9. 9. ORIENTATION COACH TRIP Including Pariser Platz, Brandenburg Gate Postdamer Platz, Reichstag, Berliner Dome and River Spree Day 1 - Public Art ( afternoon/ evening ) Brandenburg Gate at Pariser Platz View of River Spree
    10. 10. POTSDAMER PLAZ <ul><li>Public Square center Berlin surrounded by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brandenburg Gate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reichstag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Before war – busiest district </li></ul><ul><li>War Years : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>heavily bombed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>desolated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1961 Divided by Berlin Wall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>shared by America, Britain and Soviet during Cold War </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New focus of attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest building site in Europe, esp Western area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sony Centre by Hemlut Jahn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kollhoff Tower by Hans Kollhoff </li></ul></ul>Day 1 - Public Art ( afternoon/ evening ) Sony Centre Interior
    11. 11. REICHSTAG DOME & Rooftop Restaurant <ul><li>Top of Reichstag (Parliament, 1894) </li></ul><ul><li>Architect - Sir Norman Foster (British) </li></ul><ul><li>Built 19 April 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glass dome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cupola </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbol of unification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported by soaring mirror column </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>360 degree view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentally-friendly glass, mirrors, light </li></ul></ul>Day 1 - Public Art (afternoon/evening)
    12. 12. Day 2 DAY 1 Public Art DAY 2 Modern Art
    13. 13. NEW NATIONAL GALLERY aka Temple of Light <ul><li>Now one of most important museums in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Designed by Mies van der Rohe (1965 - 1968) </li></ul><ul><li>Major collection of 20th century European painting and sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>One of 6 venues of National Gallery </li></ul><ul><li>Works from Munch to Beuys </li></ul><ul><li>Other artists - Kirchner, Picasso, Klee, Feininger, Dix, Kokoschka </li></ul>Day 2 - Modern Art Alexander Calder, Têtes et Queue , 1965
    14. 14. ERNST LUDWIG KIRCHNER Potsdamer Platz (1914) <ul><li>Belonged to ‘Brücke’ group of artists </li></ul><ul><li>Shows identifiable place – important shopping day centre </li></ul><ul><li>Two prostitutes of different ages in the evening </li></ul>Day 2 - Modern Art
    15. 15. BAUHAUS ARCHIVES (created 1979) <ul><li>Originally designed by Walter Gropius – founder of Bauhaus School (1919-33) </li></ul><ul><li>Houses objects, documents, literature, photographs, teaching materials, drawings and paintings that relate to the Bauhaus </li></ul><ul><li>The shed roof silhouette </li></ul><ul><ul><li>only element that reflects Gropius’s original design </li></ul></ul>Day 2 - Modern Art (afternoon)
    16. 16. Highlight BAUHAUS ARCHIVES <ul><li>Objects on Display </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary exhibition featuring highlights of Bauhaus collection ( Chairs by Marcel Breuer 1924) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Permanent Exhibition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibits rotated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50,000 photographs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(far right) showing Gropius with entry for Chicago Tribune Tower </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objects made by students and teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(near right) Marianne Brandt Tea Extract Jug, 1924, brass, silver, ebony </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sculpture Garden </li></ul></ul>Day 2 - Modern Art (afternoon)
    17. 17. JÜRGEN STUMPF WEINEREIN Day 2 - Modern Art (evening) <ul><li>Only in Berlin! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay-what-you-want wine bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequented by artists </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Day 3 DAY 1 Public Art DAY 3 Memorial Art DAY 2 Modern Art
    19. 19. JEWISH MUSEUM <ul><li>More than a museum </li></ul><ul><li>A complex of architecture and sculpture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Space challenges visitors: reflecting the difficulties of the Jews in history </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Designed by Daniel Libeskind </li></ul><ul><li>Original Jewish Museum was founded on Oranienburger Straße in 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Adjoins the old Berlin Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Sits on land that belonged to both East and West Berlin before the Berlin Wall fell </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish life and traditions </li></ul>Day 3 - Memorial Art
    20. 20. <ul><li>New idea of memory as distinct from nostalgia through a manifestation </li></ul><ul><li>Designed by architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold </li></ul><ul><li>Remembrance and commemoration of six million murdered Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Freely accessible day and night </li></ul><ul><li>19,000 square metre site covered with 2,711 concrete slabs </li></ul>HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL (2005) Day 3 - Memorial Art (afternoon)
    21. 21. TIERGARTEN Day 3 - Memorial Art (evening) <ul><li>Largest park in Berlin and a popular outdoor oasis </li></ul><ul><li>32 marble sculpture groups depict royal ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation for Berliners with beer gardens </li></ul><ul><li>House of World Cultures presents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art exhibitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theatre and dance performances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author readings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Films </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic conferences </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Day 4 DAY 1 Public Art DAY 4 Contemporary Art DAY 2 Modern Art DAY 3 Memorial Art
    23. 23. <ul><li>Day 4 - Contemporary Art </li></ul><ul><li>19th century train station </li></ul><ul><li>Museum for Contemporary Art </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent collection including: Anselm Kiefer , Joseph Beuys , Cy Twombly , Robert Rauschenberg , and Andy Warhol </li></ul><ul><li>Memorable temporary exhibits </li></ul>HAMBURGER BAHNHOF MUSEUM 19th century train station
    24. 24. Permanent Collection at HAMBUGER BAHNHOF MUSEUM <ul><li>Anselm Kiefer </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Warhol </li></ul>Day 4 - Contemporary Art
    25. 25. KUNSTHAUS TACHELES (with Restaurants) <ul><li>The Kunsthaus Tacheles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art center and nightclub </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened in East Berlin (1990) after the Berlin Wall came down </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Building damaged from shelling in World War II - never repaired </li></ul><ul><li>Occupied by a number of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>international artists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>performers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>musicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>before becoming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>art centre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>café </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cinema </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>performance and exhibition space </li></ul></ul>Day 4 - Contemporary Art (afternoon/ evening)
    26. 26. <ul><li>Presentation Aims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce Berlin as a leading “city of culture” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look more closely at its contribution to Modern and Contemporary art - formal and informal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let your eyes experience a little of Berlin’s beauty </li></ul></ul>Want to see the presentation again? Go to: “ For every beauty there is an eye somewhere to see it. ”