Age of Exploration Power Point

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Age of Exploration Power Point

  1. 1. The Age of Exploration
  2. 2. What was the Age of Exploration? <ul><li>A time period when Europeans began to explore the rest of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements in mapmaking, shipbuilding, rigging, and navigation made this possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Blue water sailing, not just coastal boats. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy of mercantilism drives the exploration. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What was mercantilism? <ul><li>Policy that said there was a limited amount of money in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Each country needs to grab what they can before it is gone. </li></ul><ul><li>Export more than you import…more money in your pocket. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies and markets were needed to keep everything in the system. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Explorers: Portugal
  5. 5. Bartolomeu Dias <ul><li>Sailed around Cape of Good Hope at southern tip of Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Found route to Indian Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Trade can go from Europe to Asia by sea. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Vasco da Gama <ul><li>Landed in India in 1498. </li></ul><ul><li>Important trade route from Europe to India and East Indies. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Ferdinand Magellan <ul><li>His crew made first round-the-world voyage. </li></ul><ul><li>Proved for certain that the world was round. </li></ul><ul><li>Magellan was killed in the Phillippines, did not make it home. </li></ul>
  8. 12. The Explorers: Spain
  9. 13. Christopher Columbus
  10. 14. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>Believed a shorter route to Asia could be found by sailing westward instead of around Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Found the Americas instead. Oops. </li></ul>
  11. 16. What was the Colombian Exchange? <ul><li>Massive exchange of plants, animals and diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>These things moved between the New and Old Worlds. </li></ul><ul><li>Started with Columbus. </li></ul><ul><li>To the Americas: cows, horses, wheat, smallpox, plus much more. </li></ul><ul><li>To Europe: potatoes, tomatoes, tobacco, corn, plus much more. </li></ul>
  12. 18. The Slave Trade <ul><li>Europeans began to use slave labor in their colonies to grow crops, mine, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans used for a while, but Africans began to be brought to the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>The slave trade then became the main focus of Europe’s relations with Africa. </li></ul>
  13. 20. What was the Triangular Trade? <ul><li>System of trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 1: Raw materials to Europe (tobacco, rum, sugar) </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 2: Manufactured goods to Africa (guns, cloth, rum) </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 3: Slaves to the Americas to make raw materials. </li></ul>
  14. 21. The Triangular Trade

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