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Developing Metacognitive Skills In Your Students


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Developing Metacognitive Skills In Your Students

  1. 1. Developing Metacognitive Skills in Your Students By Jane Sutton
  2. 2. Strategies for Teachers <ul><li>Model the thought process while teaching the subject matter </li></ul><ul><li>This will show the students the process that you are using when thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Verbalize what are you as a teacher is thinking while you are explaining the ideas to the students </li></ul><ul><li>This reinforces for the students the thinking skills the students should also be using </li></ul><ul><li>Say it out loud to model what the students should be doing to think about a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Again this will model to the students the thought process involved and what they should also do </li></ul>
  3. 3. More Strategies <ul><li>Teachers should help students to connect the new information to what the students already know </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do this in beginning of a lesson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link what is being taught to what students already know </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher should identify what students will be learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers should explain why it is meaningful or important what the students will be learning by giving relative examples </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Before a class the teacher can briefly describe what will be taught </li></ul><ul><li>This will help the students to know what to expect in the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>At end of class students can write down 3 things that they learned (collected by teacher) and teacher writes on board what he/she felt the 3 things the students should have learned </li></ul><ul><li>This will help the students know if they understood the lesson or if they should do more on their own or seek additional instruction </li></ul>Other Strategies
  5. 5. More strategies <ul><li>Homework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before student does homework - teacher explains what should be learned from the assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This gives the students what their goal for doing homework is (not just busy work) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After homework is completed - teacher asks students how they would do on an assessment dealing with the homework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The student here assesses his knowledge on his own </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students would then either review what they did or practice more of the same to better understand the subject </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Tools for Learning <ul><li>Teachers should provide students with tools (or tricks) to help them learn when teaching lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First letter association technique - acronyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Order of operations in math </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P lease E xcuse M y D ear A unt S ally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( P arenthesis, E xponents, M ultiply, D ivide, A dd, S ubtract) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhyme Techniques – Make a rhyme to remember a fact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage students to use these techniques when learning new material – this will help them remember longer when information is relative to something else </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Self-regulation <ul><li>For teachers to help students become self-regulated learners teachers need to make the students aware of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What the student knows about the subject (use KWL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the goal of the lesson or project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the resources available to the student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the student’s anxiety level (how does the student feel about learning or doing this assignment or taking this test) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Teachers must facilitate the following to encourage the student to be self-regulated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time required to complete the task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher sets time frame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan study time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(teacher could set different mile stones for the assignment to assist the students in this area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make software available for the students – outlining, flowcharting, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What strategies will be used by the student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>students discuss strategies with partners and/or in groups to make sure they are on track – setup by the teacher </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Teacher needs to help monitor progress and then to help the students reflect on the assignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is working – are the students on task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change strategies if needed – give students different strategies if students experiencing difficulty with task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self test on what is being learned – teacher needs to encourage students to self test their knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Using technology to facilitate metacognition skills <ul><li>A graphic organizer for students to use as they are doing a project (KWL) </li></ul>L What I Have Learned W What I Want to Learn K What I Know
  11. 11. <ul><li>Inspiration (software product) </li></ul><ul><li>To help students organize thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>To do timelines to plan out projects (planning – students learn to plan) </li></ul><ul><li>To compare information </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Students write what they already know and what they are learning </li></ul><ul><li>Students working together on projects comparing information </li></ul>
  12. 12. Examples of Metacognition in the Classroom <ul><li>In these examples a math teacher is teaching Rules of Order to middle school students. I used Bubblebye to add comments to the videos. </li></ul><ul><li>The original videos were from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul>