The Law of Conservation of
Matter:
Matter can be neither
created nor destroyed.
Because nothing can be created, and
nothin...
or
Look at each of the following pictures, and decide
if its origin is animal, vegetable, or mineral!
1. Fabric Softener 2. Tennis Shoe 3. Ice Cream 4. Soap
5. Fireworks 6. Glue 7. Lipstick
8. Tee Shirt 9. Motor Oil 10. Paint 11. Salt
12. Rubber Band
13. Worcestershire
Sauce 14. Toothpaste
15. Gummy Bears
18. Glass
16. Pencil 17. Pink Lemonade
or
Let’s Find Out!
1. Fabric Softener
http://www.flickr.com/photos/txspiked/42968
0336/
Mineral, yes, but
also Animal!
Dihydrogenated tallow
...
4. Soap
Animal, Vegetable, &
Mineral!
Soap is made by reacting
lard (animal fat)
or vegetable oil
with a base like NaOH
(a...
7. Lipstick
http://www.flickr.com/photos/studio-trashy/3329629060/
Animal, Vegetable, &
Mineral!
Lipstick is mostly made o...
10. Paint
Mineral
While there are many
different types of paint,
minerals form the bases of
most paints.
http://pubs.acs.o...
13. Worcestershire Sauce
http://www.flickr.com/photos/archangeli/318936337/
Vegetable, Mineral, &
Animal!
Worcestershire s...
16. Pencil
Vegetable, Mineral,
Many pencils are
made of
wood, usually cedar,
and have a rubber
eraser.
Inside of the penci...
Adapted from: Everything Comes From Our Natural Resources: A Study of the Earth.
http://www.mii.org/pdfs/study/studyofthee...
Where does it come from?
Where does it come from?
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Where does it come from?

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The things we use everyday come from minerals, animals, and plant products. Can you identify the items and their sources?

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Where does it come from?

  1. 1. The Law of Conservation of Matter: Matter can be neither created nor destroyed. Because nothing can be created, and nothing can be destroyed, everything must come from somewhere. BUT WHERE?
  2. 2. or Look at each of the following pictures, and decide if its origin is animal, vegetable, or mineral!
  3. 3. 1. Fabric Softener 2. Tennis Shoe 3. Ice Cream 4. Soap 5. Fireworks 6. Glue 7. Lipstick
  4. 4. 8. Tee Shirt 9. Motor Oil 10. Paint 11. Salt 12. Rubber Band 13. Worcestershire Sauce 14. Toothpaste
  5. 5. 15. Gummy Bears 18. Glass 16. Pencil 17. Pink Lemonade
  6. 6. or Let’s Find Out!
  7. 7. 1. Fabric Softener http://www.flickr.com/photos/txspiked/42968 0336/ Mineral, yes, but also Animal! Dihydrogenated tallow dimethyl ammonium chloride- This is a fancy term for animal fat used to make clothes soft! http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2010/05/2 2/animal-products.html 2. Tennis Shoe Animal, Vegetable, & Mineral Animal: uppers of leather tennis shoes. Vegetable: (cotton)- uppers of canvas tennis shoes/laces Mineral:(rubber/carbon) – bottom soles of tennis shoes are made of rubber/carbon is added to strengthen the rubber (metal)-eyes for laces (plastic)- covering for lace tips http://www.mademan.com/mm/what-materials-are- used-make-sneakers.html 3. IceCreamhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/we elakeo/3875087712/ Animal & Vegetable In addition to the cow’s milk in ice cream, you can find ingredients from plants. For vanilla ice cream, these include sugar, vanilla, and carrageenan, a gum extracted from seaweed! http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/200 0-03/952033216.Ag.r.html
  8. 8. 4. Soap Animal, Vegetable, & Mineral! Soap is made by reacting lard (animal fat) or vegetable oil with a base like NaOH (an alkaline materiel) which makes lye soap. http://madsci.org/posts/archives/1998- 05/894656940.Ch.r.html 5. Fireworks Vegetable, & Mineral The tube that holds the explosives (paper) and the fuse (cotton string) are from vegetables/(trees). Gun powder is used for lift, and different elements determine the color of fireworks. http://www.bizzikid.co.uk/sciencefactsfantastic fireworks.html 6. Glue Mineral & Animal White glue is made by combining borax B(OH)4 with polyvinyl alcohol, but many glues are made from the skin, bone, and connective t tissue in cattle & other animals. http://madsci.org/posts/archives/1998- 05/894656940.Ch.r.html http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/ mar99/921563399.Ch.r.html
  9. 9. 7. Lipstick http://www.flickr.com/photos/studio-trashy/3329629060/ Animal, Vegetable, & Mineral! Lipstick is mostly made of waxes like beeswax from bees’ honeycombs, carnauba wax, from Brazillian wax palms, & candelilla wax from the candelilla plant. Pink shades of lipstick are created with titanium dioxide. http://pubs.acs.org/cen/whatstuff/stuff/772 8scit2.html 8. Tee-Shirt Vegetable, Animal, & Mineral Most tee shirts are made from cotton. Some tee shirts also contain polyester, which is oil based (fossils from plants & animals) Many dyes used to color shirts are also mineral based. http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/T- Shirt.html http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/FreePubs/pdfs/uh177. pdf 9. Green Motor Oil Animal! “Green” or “environmentally friendly” motor oil uses animal fat instead of petrochemical- based oil. http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries /2010/05/22/animal- products.html#slide11
  10. 10. 10. Paint Mineral While there are many different types of paint, minerals form the bases of most paints. http://pubs.acs.org/cen/whatstuff/stuff/772 8scit2.html 11. Salt Mineral Salt, or sodium chloride (NaCl) is a mineral found in oceans, rocks, and evaporated seabeds. http://www.virtualweberbullet.com/salt.html 12. Rubber Band Vegetable Rubber bands are made from organic rather than synthetic rubber. Latex is removed from the rubber tree by tapping the bark. http://www.enotes.com/rubber-band- reference/rubber-band
  11. 11. 13. Worcestershire Sauce http://www.flickr.com/photos/archangeli/318936337/ Vegetable, Mineral, & Animal! Worcestershire sauce has many of the plant-based ingredients you would expect like onions, garlic, sugar, and vinegar. Worcestershire sauce also contains salt, which is a mineral. But the surprise ingredient in Worcestershire sauce is an animal/fish: anchovy! http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/18/maga zine/18food-t-000.html 14. Toothpaste Mineral & Vegetable Two important ingredients found in toothpaste are the minerals calcium carbonate (chalk) & fluoride. Many toothpastes are flavored with mint or cinnamon from plants/trees. http://www.madehow.com/Volume 3/Toothpaste.html 15. Gummy Bears http://www.flickr.com/photos/rubilina/412 4718193/ Vegetable & Animal The primary ingredient in gummy bears is gelatin which is made from the collagen of animals (hooves, etc…) Gummy bears are sweetened with sugar & colored /flavored with fruit juice. http://www.ehow.com/list_5968143_gum my-worms-ingredients.html
  12. 12. 16. Pencil Vegetable, Mineral, Many pencils are made of wood, usually cedar, and have a rubber eraser. Inside of the pencil is the mineral graphite. http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/ 97303 17. Pink Lemonade http://www.flickr.com/photos/zylenia/5267564577/ Vegetable, Mineral, & Animal Besides the obvious plant ingredients of lemon & sugar, pink lemonade also contains trace amounts of the minerals calcium, potassium, and iron. The pretty pink color in pink lemonade comes from a bug! Female cochineal bugs are crushed and used for pink dye! http://www.livestrong.com/article/530691-the- nutritional-value-in-lemonade/ http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2010/05 /22/animal-products.html#slide11 18.Glass http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickmilleruk/ 28843601/ Mineral Glass is made of silica, the primary ingredient of sand. To make glass, sand is mixed with other minerals, then melted. http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/glass. htm
  13. 13. Adapted from: Everything Comes From Our Natural Resources: A Study of the Earth. http://www.mii.org/pdfs/study/studyoftheearth.pdf

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