Minerals and Rocks Test Review
Question 1 <ul><li>What does inorganic mean? </li></ul>
Answer 1 <ul><li>Something that does not arise from once living things; not from the remains of plants or animals </li></ul>
Question 2 <ul><li>What is cleavage? </li></ul>
Answer 2 <ul><li>The way a mineral breaks in straight lines; a regular pattern that can be determined </li></ul>
Question 3 <ul><li>True or False: The faster the magma cools, the larger the mineral crystals will form. </li></ul>
Answer 3 <ul><li>False; smaller crystals would form </li></ul>
Question 4 <ul><li>What does it mean when we say a mineral always contains certain elements in definite proportions? </li>...
Answer 4 <ul><li>It has a definite chemical composition </li></ul>
Question 5 <ul><li>Why is coal not a mineral? </li></ul>
Answer 5 <ul><li>It is made from the remains of plants and animals </li></ul>
Question 6 <ul><li>Magma that cools deep within the Earth forms minerals with what type of crystals? </li></ul>
Answer 6 <ul><li>Large </li></ul>
Question 7 <ul><li>A solid mixture of two or metal is a what? </li></ul>
Answer 7 <ul><li>Alloy </li></ul>
Question 8 <ul><li>Earthmoving equipment strips away soil to expose ore in what type of mining? </li></ul>
Answer 8 <ul><li>Strip mining </li></ul>
Question 9 <ul><li>What is the softest mineral on the Mohs hardness scale? </li></ul>
Answer 9 <ul><li>Talc </li></ul>
Question 10 <ul><li>Why are metals useful as tools? </li></ul>
Answer 10 <ul><li>Because they can be shaped easily, but they are hard </li></ul>
Question 11 <ul><li>Why are cement, brick, steel, and glass not considered minerals? </li></ul>
Answer 11 <ul><li>Because they are man made (not naturally occurring)  </li></ul>
Question 12 <ul><li>What is the repeating pattern of a mineral’s particles called? </li></ul>
Answer 12 <ul><li>A crystal </li></ul>
Question 13 <ul><li>What is the term used to describe how a mineral reflects light from its surface? </li></ul>
Answer 13 <ul><li>Luster </li></ul>
Question 14 <ul><li>What is the hardest known mineral? </li></ul>
Answer 14 <ul><li>Diamond </li></ul>
Question 15 <ul><li>Which type of mine often has a  network of tunnels that extend deep into the ground? </li></ul>
Answer 15 <ul><li>Shaft mine </li></ul>
Question 16 <ul><li>What is the color of a mineral’s powder called? </li></ul>
Answer 16 <ul><li>Streak </li></ul>
Question 17 <ul><li>What is the term for a mineral that glows under ultraviolet light? </li></ul>
Answer 17 <ul><li>Fluorescence </li></ul>
Question 18 <ul><li>What is a rock called that contains a metal or other economically useful mineral? </li></ul>
Answer 18 <ul><li>An ore </li></ul>
Question 19 <ul><li>What type of mining involves digging a huge hole? </li></ul>
Answer 19 <ul><li>Open pit mining </li></ul>
Question 20 <ul><li>True or false: The mineral quartz, which is found in sand, is used to make glass and electronic equipm...
Answer 20 <ul><li>True </li></ul>
Question 21 <ul><li>What is a gemstone? </li></ul>
Answer 21 <ul><li>A rare, hard, colorful mineral with a brilliant or glassy luster  </li></ul>
Question 22 <ul><li>What is a solid? </li></ul>
Answer 22 <ul><li>A substance with a definite shape and definite volume </li></ul>
Question 23 <ul><li>What does it mean we say that a mineral must be naturally occurring? </li></ul>
Answer 23 <ul><li>It forms by the process that shapes the Earth; it is not man made </li></ul>
Question 24 <ul><li>What are some of the special properties of minerals? </li></ul>
Answer 24 <ul><li>Fluorescence </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Reactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Properties </li></ul><ul...
Question 25 <ul><li>Why is color not the best way to identify a mineral? </li></ul>
Answer 25 <ul><li>Because minerals like quartz can come in a variety of colors, and some minerals are the same color as ot...
Question 26 <ul><li>What is a mineral? </li></ul>
Answer 26 <ul><li>A solid, inorganic, crystalline solid, with a definite chemical make up </li></ul>
Question 27 <ul><li>True or False: Each major group of rocks only follows one pathway through the rock cycle. </li></ul>
Answer 27 <ul><li>False </li></ul>
Question 28 <ul><li>What is a rock generally made up of? </li></ul>
Answer 28 <ul><li>Minerals and other materials </li></ul>
Question 29 <ul><li>What type of rock forms from the cooling of lava above the ground or the cooling of magma below the su...
Answer 29 <ul><li>Igneous </li></ul>
Question 30 <ul><li>What is the process where dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together? </li...
Answer 30 <ul><li>Cementation </li></ul>
Question 31 <ul><li>Chalk formed from sediments made of skeletons of microscopic living things in the ocean must be what t...
Answer 31 <ul><li>Organic rock </li></ul>
Question 32 <ul><li>Heat and pressure deep within the Earth can change any type of rock into what? </li></ul>
Answer 32 <ul><li>Metamorphic rock. </li></ul>
Question 33 <ul><li>What does it mean if a metamorphic rock is nonfoliated? </li></ul>
Answer 33 <ul><li>It does not have layers. </li></ul>
Question 34 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, what type or types of rocks can form sedimentary rocks? </li></ul>
Answer 34 <ul><li>Any type of rock </li></ul>
Question 35 <ul><li>What is a sedimentary rock made up of rounded fragments of other rocks called? </li></ul>
Answer 35 <ul><li>Conglomerate </li></ul>
Question 36 <ul><li>True or false: Sandstone changing into quartzite is an example of the process that forms sedimentary r...
Answer 36 <ul><li>False </li></ul>
Question 37 <ul><li>True or false: The most common extrusive rock is basalt. </li></ul>
Answer 37 <ul><li>True </li></ul>
Question 38 <ul><li>How do geologists describe a rock’s texture? </li></ul>
Answer 38 <ul><li>The size, shape, and pattern of the rock’s grains </li></ul>
Question 39 <ul><li>A rock that cools very quickly when it forms will have what type of texture? </li></ul>
Answer 39 <ul><li>Smooth and shiny with no visible grain </li></ul>
Question 40 <ul><li>Where do most metamorphic rocks form? </li></ul>
Answer 40 <ul><li>Deep below the surface of the Earth </li></ul>
Question 41 <ul><li>What is the most abundant intrusive rock? </li></ul>
Answer 41 <ul><li>Granite </li></ul>
Question 42 <ul><li>A sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments squeeze together is called what? </li></ul>
Answer 42 <ul><li>Clastic rock </li></ul>
Question 43 <ul><li>How do geologists classify metamorphic rocks? </li></ul>
Answer 43 <ul><li>By the arrangement of the grains that make up the rock </li></ul>
Question 44 <ul><li>The series of processes on the Earth and below the Earth’s surface that slowly changes rocks from one ...
Answer 44 <ul><li>The rock cycle </li></ul>
Question 45 <ul><li>True or false: Particles of a rock called grains give a rock its texture. </li></ul>
Answer 45 <ul><li>True </li></ul>
Question 46 <ul><li>True or false: Examples of  clastic  rocks, which are made of particles of other rocks, include sandst...
Answer 46 <ul><li>True </li></ul>
Question 47 <ul><li>When all the grains of a rock are large and easy to see, they are described as what? </li></ul>
Answer 47 <ul><li>Coarse-grained </li></ul>
Question 48 <ul><li>The process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it is called what? </li></ul>
Answer 48 <ul><li>Deposition </li></ul>
Question 49 <ul><li>True or false: Igneous rocks that formed beneath the Earth’s surface are extrusive rocks. </li></ul>
Answer 49 <ul><li>False </li></ul>
Question 50 <ul><li>What does foliated mean? </li></ul>
Answer 50 <ul><li>When a metamorphic rock’s grains are arranged in parallel layers </li></ul>
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Mineral and Rocks Test Review

  1. 1. Minerals and Rocks Test Review
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>What does inorganic mean? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Answer 1 <ul><li>Something that does not arise from once living things; not from the remains of plants or animals </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 2 <ul><li>What is cleavage? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Answer 2 <ul><li>The way a mineral breaks in straight lines; a regular pattern that can be determined </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 3 <ul><li>True or False: The faster the magma cools, the larger the mineral crystals will form. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Answer 3 <ul><li>False; smaller crystals would form </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 4 <ul><li>What does it mean when we say a mineral always contains certain elements in definite proportions? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Answer 4 <ul><li>It has a definite chemical composition </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 5 <ul><li>Why is coal not a mineral? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Answer 5 <ul><li>It is made from the remains of plants and animals </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 6 <ul><li>Magma that cools deep within the Earth forms minerals with what type of crystals? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Answer 6 <ul><li>Large </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 7 <ul><li>A solid mixture of two or metal is a what? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Answer 7 <ul><li>Alloy </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 8 <ul><li>Earthmoving equipment strips away soil to expose ore in what type of mining? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Answer 8 <ul><li>Strip mining </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 9 <ul><li>What is the softest mineral on the Mohs hardness scale? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Answer 9 <ul><li>Talc </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 10 <ul><li>Why are metals useful as tools? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Answer 10 <ul><li>Because they can be shaped easily, but they are hard </li></ul>
  22. 22. Question 11 <ul><li>Why are cement, brick, steel, and glass not considered minerals? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Answer 11 <ul><li>Because they are man made (not naturally occurring) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Question 12 <ul><li>What is the repeating pattern of a mineral’s particles called? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Answer 12 <ul><li>A crystal </li></ul>
  26. 26. Question 13 <ul><li>What is the term used to describe how a mineral reflects light from its surface? </li></ul>
  27. 27. Answer 13 <ul><li>Luster </li></ul>
  28. 28. Question 14 <ul><li>What is the hardest known mineral? </li></ul>
  29. 29. Answer 14 <ul><li>Diamond </li></ul>
  30. 30. Question 15 <ul><li>Which type of mine often has a network of tunnels that extend deep into the ground? </li></ul>
  31. 31. Answer 15 <ul><li>Shaft mine </li></ul>
  32. 32. Question 16 <ul><li>What is the color of a mineral’s powder called? </li></ul>
  33. 33. Answer 16 <ul><li>Streak </li></ul>
  34. 34. Question 17 <ul><li>What is the term for a mineral that glows under ultraviolet light? </li></ul>
  35. 35. Answer 17 <ul><li>Fluorescence </li></ul>
  36. 36. Question 18 <ul><li>What is a rock called that contains a metal or other economically useful mineral? </li></ul>
  37. 37. Answer 18 <ul><li>An ore </li></ul>
  38. 38. Question 19 <ul><li>What type of mining involves digging a huge hole? </li></ul>
  39. 39. Answer 19 <ul><li>Open pit mining </li></ul>
  40. 40. Question 20 <ul><li>True or false: The mineral quartz, which is found in sand, is used to make glass and electronic equipment. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Answer 20 <ul><li>True </li></ul>
  42. 42. Question 21 <ul><li>What is a gemstone? </li></ul>
  43. 43. Answer 21 <ul><li>A rare, hard, colorful mineral with a brilliant or glassy luster </li></ul>
  44. 44. Question 22 <ul><li>What is a solid? </li></ul>
  45. 45. Answer 22 <ul><li>A substance with a definite shape and definite volume </li></ul>
  46. 46. Question 23 <ul><li>What does it mean we say that a mineral must be naturally occurring? </li></ul>
  47. 47. Answer 23 <ul><li>It forms by the process that shapes the Earth; it is not man made </li></ul>
  48. 48. Question 24 <ul><li>What are some of the special properties of minerals? </li></ul>
  49. 49. Answer 24 <ul><li>Fluorescence </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Reactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Radioactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Double Image </li></ul>
  50. 50. Question 25 <ul><li>Why is color not the best way to identify a mineral? </li></ul>
  51. 51. Answer 25 <ul><li>Because minerals like quartz can come in a variety of colors, and some minerals are the same color as other minerals. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Question 26 <ul><li>What is a mineral? </li></ul>
  53. 53. Answer 26 <ul><li>A solid, inorganic, crystalline solid, with a definite chemical make up </li></ul>
  54. 54. Question 27 <ul><li>True or False: Each major group of rocks only follows one pathway through the rock cycle. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Answer 27 <ul><li>False </li></ul>
  56. 56. Question 28 <ul><li>What is a rock generally made up of? </li></ul>
  57. 57. Answer 28 <ul><li>Minerals and other materials </li></ul>
  58. 58. Question 29 <ul><li>What type of rock forms from the cooling of lava above the ground or the cooling of magma below the surface? </li></ul>
  59. 59. Answer 29 <ul><li>Igneous </li></ul>
  60. 60. Question 30 <ul><li>What is the process where dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together? </li></ul>
  61. 61. Answer 30 <ul><li>Cementation </li></ul>
  62. 62. Question 31 <ul><li>Chalk formed from sediments made of skeletons of microscopic living things in the ocean must be what type of sedimentary rock? </li></ul>
  63. 63. Answer 31 <ul><li>Organic rock </li></ul>
  64. 64. Question 32 <ul><li>Heat and pressure deep within the Earth can change any type of rock into what? </li></ul>
  65. 65. Answer 32 <ul><li>Metamorphic rock. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Question 33 <ul><li>What does it mean if a metamorphic rock is nonfoliated? </li></ul>
  67. 67. Answer 33 <ul><li>It does not have layers. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Question 34 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, what type or types of rocks can form sedimentary rocks? </li></ul>
  69. 69. Answer 34 <ul><li>Any type of rock </li></ul>
  70. 70. Question 35 <ul><li>What is a sedimentary rock made up of rounded fragments of other rocks called? </li></ul>
  71. 71. Answer 35 <ul><li>Conglomerate </li></ul>
  72. 72. Question 36 <ul><li>True or false: Sandstone changing into quartzite is an example of the process that forms sedimentary rocks. </li></ul>
  73. 73. Answer 36 <ul><li>False </li></ul>
  74. 74. Question 37 <ul><li>True or false: The most common extrusive rock is basalt. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Answer 37 <ul><li>True </li></ul>
  76. 76. Question 38 <ul><li>How do geologists describe a rock’s texture? </li></ul>
  77. 77. Answer 38 <ul><li>The size, shape, and pattern of the rock’s grains </li></ul>
  78. 78. Question 39 <ul><li>A rock that cools very quickly when it forms will have what type of texture? </li></ul>
  79. 79. Answer 39 <ul><li>Smooth and shiny with no visible grain </li></ul>
  80. 80. Question 40 <ul><li>Where do most metamorphic rocks form? </li></ul>
  81. 81. Answer 40 <ul><li>Deep below the surface of the Earth </li></ul>
  82. 82. Question 41 <ul><li>What is the most abundant intrusive rock? </li></ul>
  83. 83. Answer 41 <ul><li>Granite </li></ul>
  84. 84. Question 42 <ul><li>A sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments squeeze together is called what? </li></ul>
  85. 85. Answer 42 <ul><li>Clastic rock </li></ul>
  86. 86. Question 43 <ul><li>How do geologists classify metamorphic rocks? </li></ul>
  87. 87. Answer 43 <ul><li>By the arrangement of the grains that make up the rock </li></ul>
  88. 88. Question 44 <ul><li>The series of processes on the Earth and below the Earth’s surface that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another is called what? </li></ul>
  89. 89. Answer 44 <ul><li>The rock cycle </li></ul>
  90. 90. Question 45 <ul><li>True or false: Particles of a rock called grains give a rock its texture. </li></ul>
  91. 91. Answer 45 <ul><li>True </li></ul>
  92. 92. Question 46 <ul><li>True or false: Examples of clastic rocks, which are made of particles of other rocks, include sandstone, shale, and breccia. </li></ul>
  93. 93. Answer 46 <ul><li>True </li></ul>
  94. 94. Question 47 <ul><li>When all the grains of a rock are large and easy to see, they are described as what? </li></ul>
  95. 95. Answer 47 <ul><li>Coarse-grained </li></ul>
  96. 96. Question 48 <ul><li>The process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it is called what? </li></ul>
  97. 97. Answer 48 <ul><li>Deposition </li></ul>
  98. 98. Question 49 <ul><li>True or false: Igneous rocks that formed beneath the Earth’s surface are extrusive rocks. </li></ul>
  99. 99. Answer 49 <ul><li>False </li></ul>
  100. 100. Question 50 <ul><li>What does foliated mean? </li></ul>
  101. 101. Answer 50 <ul><li>When a metamorphic rock’s grains are arranged in parallel layers </li></ul>

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