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Reading and
Writing
Independence
Cooper and Kiger
Identified the five stages of
early literacy learning which
involve oral
language, reading and
writing s...
Stages of Early Literacy
Fluent Reading and
Writing Stage
Almost Fluent
Reading and Writing
Stage
Beginning Reading
and Wr...
Cooper and Kiger provided the
behavior and performance indicators
of the emergent learners in oral
language, reading and w...
Stages of
Literacy

Oral
Language

Read aloud,
1.
story telling,
Early
make-up
Emergent
stories,
Literacy
verbal
requests,...
Stages of
Oral
Literacy Language

2.
Emergent
Literacy

Reading

Growing
Acquired
oral
concept of
language
print ,
facilit...
Stages of
Literacy

3.
Beginning
reading
and
Writing

Oral
Language

Reading

Writing

SelfAdditional
Varied
corrected rec...
Stages of
Literacy

Oral
Language

Reading

4. Almost
Fluent
Reading
and
Writing

Moving
Regular use
towards
of word
langu...
Stages
of
Literacy

Oral
Language

Reading

Writing

Purposeful
5.Fluent
Increase
Capable
writing,
Reading vocabulary, dec...
Reading
Independence
of a Learner
Little
Independent

Gradual
Independent

Increasing
Independent

Parents

Towards
Independent
Reading

Siblings

Parent...
Writing
Independence of
a Learner
Early emergent
writer

Emergent
writer

Beginning
writer

Almost
Fluent writer

Fluent
writer
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Reading and writing Independence

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Five stages in Emergent Literacy

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Reading and writing Independence

  1. 1. Reading and Writing Independence
  2. 2. Cooper and Kiger Identified the five stages of early literacy learning which involve oral language, reading and writing skills of children.
  3. 3. Stages of Early Literacy Fluent Reading and Writing Stage Almost Fluent Reading and Writing Stage Beginning Reading and Writing Stage Emergent Literacy Stage Early Emergent Literacy Stage
  4. 4. Cooper and Kiger provided the behavior and performance indicators of the emergent learners in oral language, reading and writing from the early stages as they depend so much on literate adults who provide support and as they progress to achieve total independence in their learning.
  5. 5. Stages of Literacy Oral Language Read aloud, 1. story telling, Early make-up Emergent stories, Literacy verbal requests, oral direction, inquiries, word play. Reading Writing Beginning concept of print, labeling, naming, picture reading, literature enjoyment. Scribbling, drawing, markings on paper, letter like shapes, writing attempts.
  6. 6. Stages of Oral Literacy Language 2. Emergent Literacy Reading Growing Acquired oral concept of language print , facility, recognition of oral environmental language print, letterof story sound read, recognition, pleasure in meaning oral construction. language. Writing Spelling and writing conventions, familiarity with writing process, meaning construction
  7. 7. Stages of Literacy 3. Beginning reading and Writing Oral Language Reading Writing SelfAdditional Varied corrected recognition writing speech, skills and behavior, increase strategies, growing use oral meaning of language construction mechanism vocabulary, and pleasure in convention, words. employed writing process.
  8. 8. Stages of Literacy Oral Language Reading 4. Almost Fluent Reading and Writing Moving Regular use towards of word language recognition fluency, skills and increase strategies, pleasure in growing language meaning use. construction Writing Varied writing purposes, pleasure in writing.
  9. 9. Stages of Literacy Oral Language Reading Writing Purposeful 5.Fluent Increase Capable writing, Reading vocabulary, decoder with pleasurable and appreciation comprehension writing, Writing to skills, critical persuasive important reading, varied writing, of speech. reading self-editing, strategies, peer perceived self editing, as competent perceived reader. self as a competent
  10. 10. Reading Independence of a Learner
  11. 11. Little Independent Gradual Independent Increasing Independent Parents Towards Independent Reading Siblings Parents Teachers Teachers Parents Other Literate Adults Other Literate Adults Teachers Totally Independent Reading Teachers and the learners Peers Learner
  12. 12. Writing Independence of a Learner
  13. 13. Early emergent writer Emergent writer Beginning writer Almost Fluent writer Fluent writer

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