Research process updated


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Research process updated

  1. 1. Research is a Process:<br />Step by step<br />
  2. 2. Begin with questions<br />What are your requirements?<br />Number of sources<br />Type of sources<br />What is your discipline?<br />Humanities, Social Science, Science?<br />Multidisciplinary or Cross-disciplinary?<br />
  3. 3. More questions<br />What is your topic?<br />Assigned to you?<br />Your choice?<br />Group project?<br />What is your interest?<br />Consider the various aspects or concepts<br />Consider the timeline<br />
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  6. 6. Where to begin?<br />Background info<br />Find out as much as you can about the topic, even if you are not going to focus on all the aspects<br />Look at both sides if possible<br />Find names of organizations, laws, people, dates of importance<br />Look for specific terms you can use in your search strategy<br />
  7. 7. Sources of Background Information – just a few examples <br />CQ Researcher<br />Issues and Controversies<br />Points of View Reference Center<br />“Opposing Viewpoints” books<br />Encyclopedias – general and specialized<br />Specialized dictionaries<br />Biographical encyclopedias or dictionaries<br />
  8. 8. Examples of Online Reference Sources through the Databases<br />CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics<br />Credo Reference (over 400 general and subject-specific reference books)<br />Oxford Reference Online (Full text for over 100 dictionary & reference works published by Oxford University Press. Bilingual dictionaries, thesauruses, maps, illustrations, & timelines)<br />
  9. 9. From: A Dictionary of Earth Science<br />plate tectonics   The unifying concept that has drawn continental drift, sea-floor spreading, seismic activity, crustal structures, and volcanic activity (see volcanicity) into a coherent model of how the outer part of the Earth evolves. The theory proposes a model of the Earth's upper layers in which the colder, brittle, surface rocks form a shell (the lithosphere) overlying a much less rigid asthenosphere. The shell comprises several discrete, rigid units (tectonic plates) each of which has a separate motion relative to the other plates. The plate margins are most readily defined by present-day seismicity, which is a consequence of the differential motions of the individual plates. The model is a combination of continental drift and sea-floor spreading. New lithospheric plates are constantly forming and separating, and so being enlarged, at constructive margins (ridges), while the global circumference is conserved by the subduction and recycling of material into the mantle at destructive margins (trenches). This recycling results in andesitic volcanism and the creation of new continental crust, which has a lower density than the oceanic crust and is more difficult to subduct. Many features of the Earth's history are explicable within this model which has served as a unifying hypothesis for most of the Earth sciences. Previous mountain systems are now recognized as the sites of earlier subduction, often ending with continental crustal collision: the movement of plates has been used with varying success in interpreting orogenic belts as far back as the early Proterozoic. Plate motions are driven by mantle convection and are likely to have occurred throughout Earth history, although the resultant surface features are likely to have changed with time. See ridge-push; and slab-pull.<br />How to cite this entry:"plate tectonics"  A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. Ed. Michael Allaby. Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Texas State University - San Marcos.  16 July 2010  <><br />
  10. 10. Brainstorm for “keywords” and Subject Headings based on Background Info.<br />geology<br />faults<br />Continental drift<br />earthquakes<br />Seafloor spreading<br />Plate tectonics<br />geodynamics<br />volcanos<br />Subduction zones<br />
  11. 11. Find Articles <br />Newspapers<br />Magazines<br />Scholarly journals<br />Newsletters<br />Newspaper Websites<br />
  12. 12. Sources for articles: Library Databases<br />Academic Search Complete<br />Alt-Press Watch<br />Reader’s Guide Full Text<br />Research Library<br />Other subject specific databases<br />
  13. 13. Sources for other media<br />AP Photo Archive<br />World Images<br />Lexis/Nexis – broadcast news transcripts<br />Google Image & Video search<br />
  14. 14. Alkek Library Database Page<br />
  15. 15. Types of Journals or Magazines<br />Scholarly/Peer-Reviewed/Academic/Refereed<br />Professional Journals or magazines<br />Commentary or “Opinion” magazines<br />Not scholarly technically, but reliable<br />Popular<br />
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  19. 19. Reliable, but not scholarly<br />May have references, but not always. However, articles may cite scholarly research within the text.<br />