Telangana and Seemandhra,
Two new states of India
Seemandhra is a term now used to refer to the
combined regions of Rayalaseema and Coastal
Andhra in Andhra Pradesh.
The term came into wide use as a way to refer to the
parts of Andhra Pradesh that would remain after the
separation of Telangana.
Seemandhra corresponds to the area of Andhra
State which existed in between 1953 and 1956, and
was merged with the Telangana region to form
current state of Andhra Pradesh in 1956.
The Congress party’s decision in favour of the
bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh to create Telangana is a
demand pending for the last five decades.
When a separate Andhra State was carved out of
Madras Presidency in 1953 on a linguistic basis, there
was a demand for a separate Telangana State
comprising the Telugu-speaking areas of Hyderabad
The Congress wanted to settle the statehood issue
once and for all.
The central government will help the Seemandhra
region to build a new capital but is unlikely to change
the status of Hyderabad or make it a Union Territory
as it would create more problem in Telangana region.
The Union Cabinet had decided that Hyderabad will
be joint capital of the two states for 10 years.
During its deliberations, the G o M will elicit response
from ministries of Water Resources, Power, Finance,
Road Transport and a few others on issues
concerning division of assets, sources said.
The ruling congress party announced its intention to
carve Telangana out of Andhra Pradesh as the 29th
state of India.
Hyderabad will be the common capital of Telangana
and Seemandhra for 10 years.
At present Hyderabad would not be contiguous with
Seemandhra. There is a proposal for Seemandhra
which could resolve the issue of Hyderabad as a
permanent common capital: that if the Nalgonda district
goes to Seemandhra, then this would enable Hyderabad to be a
border city of Telangana and Seemandhra.
Why not Telangana?
Telangana will have integration - linguistic
and social, achieving:
I d e n t i t y for people in Telangana
Respect, acceptance and tolerance for
language and culture of Telangana
No Diversion of Resources –water, funds,
No discrimination – in education
facilities, irrigation, employment etc.
It is a -Democratic wish
Because 99 per cent people in Telangana
wanted it.They have a legitimate right to ask
for Telangana state.
Parliamentary Democracy accommodates
demand for autonomy by separate state.
Integrity is not affected by dividing a Telugu
speaking state into two .
Living together as neighbors depends on
mutual consent, Telangana and Andhra
will live respecting each other. There will
be a social contract.
Separation for development of
Telangana was a growing demand
unanimously wish unity in
diversity because Telangana does want it.
There is unanimity among Andhras on
Rayalaseema does want to share with the
Demand was growing for separation to
empower development of each group of
---People voted for it
1971 people voted for Telangana by electing 11
of 13 seats to Parliament
2004 people of both Telangana and Andhra
voted out TDP Government which went with
manifesto of United State, gave a positive
verdict for Telangana by electing Congress TRS
with huge margin.
More than 33% People in Telangana in 2009. it is
not necessary to separate Telangana vote
because every party including Prajarajyam
supported Separate Telangana
---Parties Stated it
All opposition parties agreed to it on Dec.7,
2009 when CM Rosaiah convened a meet.
Congress Legislature Party did not oppose
Telangana and had authorized Mrs Sonia
Gandhi to decide.
Dec 9 Declaration of Telangana was based on
these factual support and political backing for
Telangana, officially in Parliament also.
---Not a small state
Separation of Telangana from Andhra
Pradesh is just a segregation and not
destruction of integrity.
It is switching back to pre-1956 identifiable,
pre-existing, viable state, which is not new.
Telangana will not be a small state.
This demand does not depend upon
the advocacy for small states.
Preamble, DPSP, Articles 37, 41 and 14 together
impose an obligation on state to accord equal
protection to citizens. Telangana is treated
unequal and needs this protection.
Article 16(3): Parliament alone can prescribe
residential qualification for jobs under the
government of ‘a State’ or a local or other
authority within ‘a State”.
Exception is an attempt to reconcile the
conflicting claims of equality based on concept of
single citizenship and justifiable local demands for
About 45% of the forest area in Andhra Pradesh state
is located in Telangana, spread across five districts.
Around 20% of the coal deposits of India are found in
Telangana. The Singareni Collieries Company
excavates coal for industrial purposes and for fuelling
power generating plants. The power generated here
supplies the entire south India. There are limestone
deposits in the area, which are exploited by cement
factories. Telangana has deposits of bauxite and
---Guarantee from C A
Guarantee from Constituent Assembly:
"the Constitution Assembly while
guaranteeing fundamental rights in the
matter of employment under the State,
took notice of this vast disparity in the
development of various States and felt it
imperative to continue that protection in
the matter of employment afforded on
the basis of residence within the State
and made provision under Article 35 (b)
of the Constitution for the continuance
of those laws."
Telangana is a plateau. Godavari and Krishna, flow
through the area, but most of the land is arid.
Northern Telangana gets between 900 to 1500mm
rainfall per year from the southwest monsoons.
Various soil types abound here, including chalks, red
sandy soils, deep red loamy soils, and very deep b.c.
soils that facilitate planting mangoes, oranges and
flowers. Southern Telangana gets 700 to 900mm
rainfall per year, also from the southwest monsoons.
The red earths with loamy sub-soils (chalkas) in these
parts facilitate planting oranges, mangoes,
vegetables, sapotas and flowers.
---New opportunities for Telangana?
Hyderabad State was one among the several
other Princely States of India. Now, there will
be adequate Educational facilities, and
opportunities available to the people of the
Region to enter public service in competition
with others from outside the State. They will
be trained and work hard for Telangana.
Urdu will not be used as the Official Language , as
it is not the language of nearly ninety per cent of the
people. However, Urdu would be useful with
Devanagari script in dealing with Raj bhasha of
Union government. No Telugu exam as qualifying
exam for Telangana employees was required earlier.
Now, it would have to be taken up during training
phase to read and write as an Official Language.
Due share in employment to Telangana requires
education for literacy, numeracy and information
New Delhi, Oct 4: Home Minister
Sushilkumar Shinde today described the
protests in Seemandhra region against bifurcation of Andhra
Pradesh as quite natural. We will take them into confidence. We
will try our level best. After all, wherever there is bifurcation of any
state, such feelings are there. It is natural. No one can avoid
these. But we have to console.
October 26, 2013
As the Group of Ministers (GoM) are working out modalities for
state's bifurcation, the Chief Minister urged President and P M,
to understand our feeling of desperation and discrimination in the
manner in which, the whole exercise is being carried out.
Telangana is a semi-arid area within Andhra Pradesh
and has a predominantly hot and dry climate.
Summers start in March, and peak in May with
average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F)
range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until
September with about 755 mm (29.7-inch) of
precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November
and lasts until early February. With little humidity and
average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F)
range, this is the most comfortable time of the year.
Response to proposed formation of
The C M pointed out that the process to create Chhattisgarh,
Jharkhand and Uttarakhand was initiated only after
assemblies of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
passed unanimous resolutions.
The chief minister highlighted the concerns of Seemandhra
with respect to sharing of irrigation water and management of
"Accessibility to employment, education and medical
infrastructure developed in the capital city of Hyderabad and
the status of Hyderabad which got transformed into an island
of opportunities for entire Telugu people are other major
concerns that demand solutions.
about the capital city of Hyderabad
"There was also no precedent where an
existing capital as such was given away to a
newly created State.
Government of India so far did not listen to
various stakeholders nor worked towards
finding solutions to any of these issues," he
"Pursuing division process, without doing any
homework by Government of India is creating
anxiety and apprehensions in the minds of majority
of the population," he added.
He pointed out that Sri Krishna Committee report
was neither discussed in Parliament nor its
recommendations were considered.
He also said Antony Committee appointed by the
party did not complete its task of consulting various
"Why G o I is not willing to wait for the committee's
report nor is open to debate and discussion in
Parliament about such an important matter is
something that we cannot understand."
He alleged that the note also was brought before
cabinet apparently waiving due consultation
process with the related ministries in a hurried
manner on the pretext that the composition of
Group of Ministers covers all the important
ministries that are expected to be consulted
Telangana resolution could be defeated in Assembly
October 25, 2013
The resolution could be defeated in the state assembly,
but it is hoped that Parliament would vote in favour of
"The Seemandhra MLAs constitute majority in the A P
assembly with more than 170 seats while the Telangana
region comprises of only 119 MLAs. Since the majority
of the number matters, the resolution could be defeated
in the state assembly," it was told to reporters at a press
conference in Delhi.
Parliament would vote in favour of Telangana with the
support of Congress besides the BJP, which has
favoured carving out of a new state. He, however,
wondered what the Seemandhra representatives may
achieve by defeating the resolution in the Assembly.
"By defeating the bill in the assembly, they
(Seemandhra MLAs) can cry that it was defeated in
the assembly though the high command has given its
consent for Telangana. This is the excuse that the
Seemandhra MLAs will give to the local people," said
the MP from the Telangana region.
NEW DELHI: The CPI welcomed the
Centre's decision on creation of Telangana state
but said the it should also assure people of
Seemandhra and Rayalaseema that their issues
will get priority. Yesterday's decision by the central
Cabinet on Telangana is in the right direction. We
appreciate it and welcome it, though this is a very
delayed decision. They accepted the justified demand
of people of Telangana,“ Communist Party of India
(CPI) General Secretary G Sudhakar Reddy told PTI.
Reddy said the Union Government should take
initiative and build confidence of coastal
Andhra and Rayalaseema by replying to their
concerns and assuring them that justice
will be done to them on the issue of the capital city
"and employment potential will be shared even with
coastal Andhra people".
"There is some opposition. There are some genuine
apprehensions about water distribution, employment
potentiality, about their future in Hyderabad," said
The ministerial panel will look into the sharing of
river water, irrigation resources and other natural
resources, especially coal, water, oil and gas
between the two states and also inter-se with other
states, including the declaration of Polavaram
Irrigation Project as a national project.
Decisions will also be taken by GoM on issues
arising on account of distribution of assets, public
finance, public corporations and liabilities between
the two states
Oct 14, 2013,
Union Minister MM Pallam Raju faced the ire
of Seemandhra agitators on his visit to his Lok
Sabha constituency here. The agitators
greeted him with black flags when he travelled
between Annavaram town and Kakinada, his
Lok Sabha constituency.
Soon after reaching Kakinada, Raju was
gheraoed by leaders and members of Joint
Action Committee (JAC), comprising
government employees, who staged a
demonstration near his residence and asked
him to clarify his stand on the ongoing agitation
against the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh.
The Minister made a brief speech at a nearby spot and
explained to the agitators circumstances leading to the Union
Cabinet's nod early this month to Telangana creation and his
resignation in protest.
Raju said he had to remain silent and not press for acceptance
of his resignation on advice of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
and Congress chief Sonia Gandhi.
He assured the slogan-shouting crowd he would strive to ensure
justice to Seemandhra people on key issues such as drinking
water, irrigation, education and employment by placing "facts"
before the Group of Ministers, looking into modalities of carving
out a separate state of Telangana.
Speaking to the media at his residence, the Congress
leader said he was confident the party high command
and the Centre would do justice to the Seemandhra
region. Raju made it clear he was in favour of a
united Andhra Pradesh but had to abide by the high
command's decision on Telangana. "The decision on
bifurcation was taken after all parties gave green
signal in writing. Hence, the Government was going
ahead with formation of separate Telangana state.
Telugu Desam Party (TDP) chief N
Chandrababu Naidu said on Friday that he
would launch an indefinite hunger strike in
New Delhi from October 7 against the
bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. "Congress has
ruined the country and Andhra Pradesh. It has
sought to bifurcate the state without
addressing the concerns of Telugu people.
Hence, I will go on an indefinite fast to expose
Congress," he said.
Oct 11, 2013
Telugu Desam Party chief
N Chandrababu Naidu
said he's in favour of Telangana
but wants justice for Seemandhra people
as well. The TDP chief said, 'You cannot divide state
without delivering justice to everyone.'
Seemandhra without Telangana can also focus on its
core strengths like ports, fisheries etc. As for
Hyderabad it's an overrated city, Vishakapatnam can
easily become a BPO.
The mood was different in Visakhapatnam district.
―We have been out on the streets for two months, but
no Delhi newspaper or TV channel looked at us. When
there is violence against Sonia Gandhi‘s man Botsa
Satyanarayana (the much-maligned state Congress
chief), you came running,‖ said school teacher G
Rajeswari. Durga Prasad, a local farmer, was very
clear why he didn‘t want Telangana. ―We will not get
water if Telangana happens, and this prosperous
region will become barren in a few years. All the major
rivers flow from Telangana to Seemandhra.
AVOIDED BY EARLIER
Rajsekhar Reddy’s avoidance
Besides blocking the Union’s promise to
form Telangana, Chief Minister Rajsekhar
Reddy deliberately chose non-state
Advocate to represent State, who did not
bring relevant issues before SC to give a
wrong judgment on Hyderabad free zone
Without proper study of the problem
Supreme Court gave baseless judgment.
Strong Andhra lobbyists & strategic CM
misled SC to do injustice to Telangana
Political vacuum? _ Alleged
1. Clever Andhra leaders, both Congress
and TDP diverted resources,
2.Telangana ministers of those parties
remained mute spectators, they lacked in
3. Corrupt Bureaucracy who also support
corrupt Andhra political leaders
4.Telangana bureaucrats – less in number
and very few with commitment, some
saleable, or silent suffering minority in every
…Rivers hijacked(?) from Telangana
Constitution provided redress to
Interstate river water disputes
But, No mechanism for intra-state river
water allocation, or resolution, left totally
to executive discretion which favoured
Andhra at cost of Telangana for decades.
No solution for deprivation of Telangana
by diversion of rivers, within AP under the
Why people should suffer?
Ultimately people are victimized by both
Andhra and Telangana leaders.
Why should they suffer because of these
Why not their identity as distinct state as
before 1956 is restored?
It is not going to be a small state, a fairly
big state, viable and resourceful.
…Hyderabad for who?
Hyderabad as a capital is not viable for many
distant districts in AP.
Concentration of so called development in
Hyderabad not benefitted Telangana, even in
generating employment for them.
Hyderabad alone should not be center of
development among 23 districts
There should be decentralization, by creating
another capital separately
…Telangana insecure in capital
Real minority in Hyderabad is Telangana
people. Old city drives Hindus out, new
city is dominated by Andhras. Andhra
houses in Hyderabad prohibited Telangana
tenants, now in this atmosphere.
Telangana is insecure in Andhra
…Asking for Autonomy
Demand for self rule and autonomy is
genuine and democratic.
Autonomous council is better answer to
separatist demands, eg. J & K and Northeast
Decentralization is federal character, and
essential for a vast country like India.
If Telangana is formed
Telugu people tolerate each other, and be
friends, with animosities disappearing
All resources of ten districts will be used
within the ten districts
Both Andhra and Telangana states will be
rich and there is a wide scope for
harmony and brotherhood among
Water can be objectively divided and
scientifically used to irrigate both states.
Water for Telangana
Telangana needs water for drinking and
irrigation which was denied so far
Water disputes are common and need to
be tackled either between AP and other
states or Andhra,Telangana and other
When two hostile countries can share
water of international rivers, it is not
impossible for two Telugu states to share
Will help decongestion of Hyderabad and
decentralization of power
Help decentralization of urbanization and
many destinations for migration
Creating more resource centers and
development centers in 23 districts.
Faith in Parliamentary democracy,
credibility for promise in parliament will
Problems of extremism and communalism
can be effectively tackled
Development is the major answer to
naxalism, and lack of it is reason.
Communalism is sponsored by
treacherous politicians, for instance, to
unseat a congress CM old city was set to
flames of riots in 1979 and recently in
2010 to bring down present CM.
To say that Maoists gain strength in
Telangana is baseless, because it is
common to big or small, combined or
To say Islamic fundamentalism in old city
will increase is meaningless because
pampering policies are the reasons for it.
It depends on objective rule of parties
and not the size of the state.
They have been struggling for more than 15 years. As
a matter of fact it a 50-year old demand and
unfortunately a large number of people in coastal
Andhra and Rayalaseema are opposing it. The Union
Government should take initiative and build confidence
of coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema by replying to
their concerns and assuring them that justice will be
done to them on the issue of the capital city, and
employment potential will be shared even with coastal
There is some opposition. There are some genuine
apprehensions about water distribution, employment
potentiality, about their future in Hyderabad.
This is a justified demand of the Telangana people and
we appeal to the coastal Andhra NGOs, teachers,
students and others sections of people to reconcile to
the reality and withdraw their agitation. We wish that
the Telugu people though politically divided into two
states should continue as brothers and solidarity
among them should remain unaffected.