Anth1 Wk1 Pt2


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  • Anth1 Wk1 Pt2

    1. 1. Sub-fields of cultural anthro Economic anthropology: Prof. Fortier doing research on clay pipe making in South Asia
    2. 2. Sub-fields of Cultural Anthropology <ul><li>Psychological Anth </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Anth </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Anth </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic Anth </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological Anth </li></ul><ul><li>Development Anth </li></ul>Development Anthropologists helped Mixtec vendors sell traditional crafts at Linda Vista Multicultural Fair
    3. 3. Archaeology <ul><li>Study of human behavior and cultural patterns and process through the culture’s material remains </li></ul>Jon Erlandson & Debby Head examine artifacts in Alaska
    4. 4. Archaeology <ul><ul><li>Archaeological record provides unique opportunity to look at changes in social complexity over time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Archaeologists use paleoecological studies to establish ecological and subsistence parameters within which given groups lived </li></ul>
    5. 5. Archeology <ul><li>Archaeologists study the past cultures of people, to infer info about beliefs, religion, social organization, etc. </li></ul>Just as modern dog lovers pamper their pets with morsels from the table and space on the bed, it seems that ancient Peruvians also treated their dogs like members of the family. -Nat’l Geog.
    6. 6. Biological Anthropology <ul><li>Study of human biological variation in time and space </li></ul><ul><li>Includes evolution, genetics, growth and development, and primatology </li></ul><ul><li>Draws on biology, zoology, geology, anatomy, physiology, medicine, public health, osteology, and archaeology </li></ul>Courtesy:
    7. 7. Biological Anthropology: Specialties <ul><ul><li>Paleoanthropology – Human evolution in the fossil record </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human genetics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human growth and development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human biological plasticity – Body’s ability to change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primatology – Study of primate biology, evolution, behavior, and social life </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Example: Human Genographic Project <ul><li>Nat’l Geographic </li></ul><ul><li>Deep ancestry (10kya+) </li></ul><ul><li>Y chromosome allele mutations/differences </li></ul>
    9. 9. Linguistic Anthropology <ul><ul><li>Historical linguists – reconstruct ancient languages and study linguistic variation through time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociolinguistics – Studies relationship between social and linguistic variation... discovers patterns of thought in different cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study of language in its social and cultural context across space and time </li></ul>
    10. 10. Historical Linguistics: Indo-European Langs 1,500 yrs ago
    11. 11. IE Languages Today
    12. 12. Applying Anthropology <ul><li>Applying the data, perspectives, theories, & methods to real situations </li></ul><ul><li>Helping solve contemporary social problems </li></ul><ul><li>E.g., in Public health, cultural resource management, & business </li></ul>Tongva (Gabrielino) seed beater of willow & redbud boughs; used to collect seeds for pi ñole (sage, tarweed, acorns, Madia flowers, cherry stones
    13. 13. Anthropology Interacts with Other Academic Fields <ul><li>Example: Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Sociology shares an interest in social relations, organization, and behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Originally, sociologists focused on industrial West </li></ul><ul><li>Sociologists use surveys extensively </li></ul><ul><li>Anth & Soc are converging </li></ul>
    14. 14. Anthropology as a Science <ul><ul><li>Systematic field of study or body of knowledge that aims, through experiment, observation, and deduction, to produce reliable explanations of phenomena with reference to the material and physical world </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Anthropology as an Art <ul><ul><li>Encompasses study of and cross-cultural comparison of languages, texts, philosophies, arts, music, performances, and other forms of creative expression </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Science, Explanation, and Hypothesis Testing Research methods are the techniques that investigators use to formulate meaningful questions and to collect, analyze, and interpret facts in replicable and reliable ways. Carefully define variables Associations – observed relationships between two or more measured variables
    17. 17. Research Methods <ul><li>1st level of abstraction </li></ul><ul><li>observation </li></ul><ul><li>concept formation </li></ul><ul><li>data </li></ul><ul><li>facts </li></ul><ul><li>2nd level of abstraction </li></ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Correlations </li></ul><ul><li>Proportions </li></ul><ul><li>Relations </li></ul><ul><li>propositions </li></ul>
    18. 18. Research Q: Is there a relationship b/n Education & Experience? <ul><li>What variables? </li></ul><ul><li>What testable framework? </li></ul><ul><li>What 1st level abstract concepts? </li></ul><ul><li>Define/operationalize our terms: family, parent, college experience </li></ul><ul><li>2nd level: Are there associations? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the significance? </li></ul>
    19. 19. Theories <ul><li>Theories are never proved, only disproved </li></ul><ul><li>Theories “build” & expand </li></ul><ul><li>Theories are never “true,” only verified </li></ul><ul><li>A “law” is a highly verified theory </li></ul><ul><li>Models and explanations are high level theories </li></ul>
    20. 20. Science & Validity <ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Replicability </li></ul>Balinese Cockfighting
    21. 21. Methods of Collecting Data in Cultural Anthropology <ul><li>Field Research </li></ul><ul><li>Questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Participant-Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary sources </li></ul>
    22. 22. Final Considerations <ul><li>Operationalize or define terms </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling </li></ul><ul><li>Independent & dependent variables </li></ul>
    23. 23. Anthropologist K. Narayan (right) with U. D. Sood doing Oral Folklore project in India