Anth1 Art Pt1


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  • Anth1 Art Pt1

    1. 1. Art & Culture Altamira Cave, Cantabrian Spain
    2. 2. Questions for Consideration A giant ball of jeans... Art?;
    3. 3. What is Art? <ul><li>Culturally situated expressions of feelings and ideas </li></ul><ul><li>A skill acquired by experience, study, or observation </li></ul><ul><li>A branch of learning; an occupation requiring skill in producing aethetic objects </li></ul><ul><li>Decorative elements </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is Art? <ul><li>A patterned aesthetic expression </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetic expressions have cultural patterns and variations </li></ul><ul><li>Stylistics: The study of aesthetic patterns </li></ul>
    5. 5. What Is Art? <ul><ul><li>Expressive Culture – manifestations of human creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many cultures lack terms that can be translated easily as “art” or “the arts” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arts include music, theater arts, visual arts, storytelling, and literature </li></ul>
    6. 6. Types of Art <ul><li>Verbal arts </li></ul><ul><li>Art of the insane </li></ul><ul><li>Folk art </li></ul><ul><li>Religious art </li></ul><ul><li>Moroccan (or other regional) arts </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Primitive arts </li></ul><ul><li>Fine art </li></ul>Capoiera (Brazilian martial arts & Dance) master in San Diego
    7. 7. Verbal Art as “Portable Art” <ul><li>B~—adarko sape ét o r—auteko dh—ami lai // </li></ul><ul><li>kheti chaina p—ati chaina, ke kh—anu h—ami lai? </li></ul><ul><li>Monkey’s thigh is the shaman’s meat </li></ul><ul><li>Having no farmland, what shall we eat? </li></ul>Raute youth, Nepal
    8. 8. Religious Art <ul><ul><li>Such an artistic attitude can be combined and used to bolster religious attitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Much art done in association with religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art may be created, performed, or displayed outdoors in public or in special indoor settings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jacques Maquet (1986) claims an artwork is something that stimulates and sustains contemplation </li></ul>
    9. 9. Art and Religion <ul><li>Rites of passage often feature special music, dance, song, bodily adornment, and other manifestations of expressive culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In any society, art produced for its aesthetic value as well as for religious purposes </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Art & Religion <ul><li>Quinceañera blends traditions from Spanish and native people of Mexico in a mostly religious way </li></ul><ul><li>15th birthday celebration using flowers, statues, dress & other folk arts </li></ul>Celebration in San Diego
    11. 11. How can we cross-culturally compare art? <ul><li>Stylistics: the study of the use of elements of aesthetic patterns </li></ul>
    12. 12. Alan Lomax & Bess Lomax Hawes: Correlating Expressive Culture & Social Behavior <ul><li>“ Predictable and universal relationships have been established between the expressive and communication processes, on the one hand, and social structure and culture pattern, on the other...” A. Lomax </li></ul>Alan Lomax (left) doing an interview
    13. 13. Stylistics <ul><li>Design elements: Simple to complex </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Space: empty to quite filled </li></ul><ul><li>Balance: symmetrical/asymmetrical </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries: present/absent; placement </li></ul>
    14. 14. Bowls & Vessels <ul><li>Design elements? </li></ul><ul><li>Space? </li></ul><ul><li>Balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries? </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Society? </li></ul><ul><li>Foraging Society </li></ul>
    15. 15. Utilitarian Arts <ul><li>Rural Ethiopian handwoven eating and serving wares </li></ul><ul><li>Design? </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Space? </li></ul><ul><li>Balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries? </li></ul>Courtesy of Alemi Daba Photo Credit: Jana Fortier
    16. 16. Bowls & Vessels <ul><li>Design elements? </li></ul><ul><li>Space? </li></ul><ul><li>Balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries? </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Society? </li></ul><ul><li>Lampung of Sumatra, Indonesia & are socially stratified rice farmers; holy water earthenware vessel is pictured </li></ul>
    17. 17. Bowls & Vessels <ul><li>Design elements? </li></ul><ul><li>Space? </li></ul><ul><li>Balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries? </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Society? </li></ul><ul><li>German folk art tradition; Steuben glass 1935 </li></ul>© 2006; S. Mitchell; Licensed to About, Inc.
    18. 18. Bowls & Vessels <ul><li>Design elements? </li></ul><ul><li>Space? </li></ul><ul><li>Balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries? </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Society? </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Kylix (drinking cup); depicts Dionysos, God of drinking </li></ul>
    19. 19. Aesthetics is part of our primate ancestry <ul><li>When given paper and colors to paint, primates also show aesthetic preferences </li></ul><ul><li>Apes adorn their bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer symmtry to asymmetry </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer circles to squares </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer colors over greys </li></ul>
    20. 20. Questions for Consideration <ul><li>What are the earliest known aesthetic creations? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the evolution of Homo sapient art? </li></ul>Ochre carving found by archaeologist Chris Henshilwood in 2004 at Blombos Cave near Cape Town in South Africa; materials with the ochre were dated to 75,000 years ago. • For body decoration?
    21. 21. Blombos Cave, South Africa <ul><li>Polished bone tools </li></ul><ul><li>70kya </li></ul><ul><li>Blombos Cave </li></ul><ul><li>Expressive culture (art) is first seen in Africa, rather than Europe </li></ul>
    22. 22. Upper Paleolithic Cave Art - Lascaux Bulls (Auroch) Bos primigenius; Red = female; Black = male
    23. 23. Why Cave Art? 4 Theories <ul><li>Structuralist Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Shamanic Theory </li></ul>
    24. 24. Lascaux, France Equus hydruntinus
    25. 25. Lascaux, France The “Crossed Bison”; copy of cave painting made by Artist Terry Mckee
    26. 26. Lascaux, France: Hunting Theory Irish Elk/Red Deer
    27. 27. Rock Shelter, Carrizo Gorge, Anza-Borrego State Park