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government of india by Private International English School

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This ppt is about the government of india.

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government of india by Private International English School

  1. 1. Every Government generally consists of Three organs. Such organs are Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. The Legislative wing of the union government is known as PARLIAMENT. Article 79 of the Indian Constitution States that there shall be a PARLIAMENT which consists of Indian President, the house of people (LOKA SABHA) and the council of States (RAJYA SABHA). Indian PARLIAMENT is Bicameral in nature.
  2. 2. The Lower house and the First Chamber of the Union – PARLIAMENT is LOKASABHA. The members of LOKASABHA are directly elected by the people. The present membership of the LOKASABHA is 547. Out of this 520 members were elected from the Union territories and the rest 2 members are nominated from the Anglo-Indian communities. Each State and Union territory is allotted certain seats for this purpose. The Constitution amendment of 1989 has reduced the voting age of the votes from 21 to 18 years. The normal life of the LOKASABHA is Five years from the first meeting. But in case of National emergency, its term may be extended to Six years.
  3. 3. The LOKASABHA may be dissolved earlier by the president of India, if the situation permits. The Constitution prescribes certain qualifications for the members of LOKASABHA , Such qualifications are :-> He must be a citizens of India. He must be above 25 years age. He must not be an undischarged insolvent. He must not hold any office of profit under any Government. He must not be of unsound mind. He should not have been convicted by a court of law for any offence. He must passes such other qualifications as prescribed by the PARLIAMENT under the peoples representation act of 1950-51.
  4. 4. The Presiding officer of the LOKASABHA is Speaker . The Deputy Presiding Officer of the LOKASABHA is known as Deputy Speaker. The Quorum of the house is 1/10th of the total members of the house. A member can loose his membership , if he/she remain absent 60days continuously. The Speaker has the “Casting Vote” incase of a tie. The Upper house of the Union PARLINENT is known as the Council of States or “RAJYASABHA” . The RAJYASABHA consists of 250 members, out of that 12 members are nominated by the President from among persons who have distinguished themselves in the field of Arts, Science, Literature, Social Science and 238 members are elected from the States. The RAJYASABHA is a permanent house but its member are elected for term of Six years in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote by the Legislative Assembly of the States. One third of its members are retire in every 2nd year. The Vice-President is the Chairman of the house.
  5. 5. However, the RAJYASABHA elects a Deputy Chairman from among its members, like LOKASABHA its Quorum is 1/10th of its total members, to become the members of the house a particular person must possesses the following qualifications. Such qualifications are :- He must be a citizen of India. He must have attained the age of 30 years. He must not be an undischarged insolvent. He should not hold any office of profit under any Government. He must not be a member of the LOKASABHA or any State Legislature. He should not have been convicted by a court of law for any offence. He must possesses such other Qualification as prescribed under the peoples representation act of 1950- 51.
  6. 6. Parliament as the supreme legislative organ of the state, Generally performs the following important functions such as - Law making power -> The parliament of India it has the power to Make law over union list , state list and concurrent list under conation cuncumstances parliament generally makes law oven state list such cincumstances are – • Under Article 249 of the Indian constitution if 2/3rd majonity of Rajyasabha pass a resolution an national interest then the union parliament can legistate any matter included the statelist. (2)During declaration of national emergency and presidence rule in a state, the parliament also makes law over state list. (3)If two or more states jointly passes resolutions in state legislature and request the center to make law for them. (4)For implementation of international law over state list.
  7. 7. THANK YOU Presented by Social Science Department Of Bhavan’s Private International English School Abu Dhabi, UAE.

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