Context metadata20110905


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how to describe a situation in which mobile learning is done? how to capture this data for adaptive / adaptable systems - a first shot how to capture information on what's happening around us...

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Context metadata20110905

  1. 1. Context Metadata for Mobile LearningProf. Dr. Jan M. PawlowskiKNOU, Seoul05.09.2011<br />
  2. 2. Licensing: Creative Commons <br />You are free:<br />to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work <br />to Remix — to adapt the work <br />Under the following conditions:<br />Attribution. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). <br />Noncommercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. <br />Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. <br /><br />
  3. 3. …Jyväskylä, Finland…<br />Source: [,]<br />
  4. 4. Global Information Systems, University of Jyväskylä (JYU) - The Team<br />Denis Kozlov<br />Philipp Holtkamp<br />Kati Clements<br />Henri Pirkkalainen<br />Jan M. Pawlowski<br />My background<br />Ph.D. Business Information Systems, University of Essen<br />Habilitation “Quality Management / Integration of Knowledge Management and E-Learning”<br />Professor in “Global Information Systems”<br />Chair CEN/ISSS Workshop Learning Technologies<br />ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 Project Editor<br />
  5. 5. JYU: Global Information Systems<br />Focus areas<br />Global Information Systems<br />Supporting globally distributed workgroups<br />Open Educational Resources<br />Reference Modeling<br />E-Learning<br />Supporting international education settings<br />Cultural adaptation<br />Standardization & Quality Management <br />Mobile & Ambient Learning<br />Innovative tools and solutions<br />Projects<br />OpenScout: OER for Management<br />TELMAP: Technology Forecasting<br />NORDLET: Nordic Baltic Network for Learning, Education and Training<br />COSMOS, Open Science Resources: Exchange of Scientific Content<br />ASPECT: Open Content and standards for schools<br />iCOPER: New standards for educational technologies<br />LaProf: Language learning in ICT and agriculture<br />
  6. 6. M-Learning around the world…<br />
  7. 7. The challenges<br />Applications should be usable…<br />…on different devices<br />…in different contexts<br />…for different preferences<br />Necessary to understand the context<br />External aspects / factors influencing a learning situation<br />No current standards or specifications, only for parts (learner preferences, device specifications, protocols)! <br />
  8. 8. Our approach <br />Action in the CEN Workshop Learning Technologies (European Standardization Body)<br />Based on <br />Context Metadata <br />Attention Metadata<br />Application / guidance for M-Learning<br />
  9. 9. Context Metadata (Pawlowski, Richter, 2007)<br />Culture<br />Internet security<br />Demographical development<br />Learner satisfaction<br />Religion<br />Geography & education infrastructure<br />Technical infrastructure<br />Information & Knowledge Systems<br />Companies<br />Rights<br />Rules, standards and agreements<br />History<br />Human actors<br />Politics<br />Financial aspects<br />State of development<br />Media richness<br />
  10. 10. Specification: Culture<br />
  11. 11. Specification: Individual aspects<br />
  12. 12. Using the Spec: M-Learning Design Implications<br />
  13. 13. Using the Spec: M-Learning Design Implications<br />
  14. 14. Using the Spec: Culture Profiles<br />Culture Profile Instance (Nation / Region)<br />Learner Profile<br /><ul><li>Identification
  15. 15. Goals
  16. 16. Qualifications
  17. 17. Activities
  18. 18. …</li></ul>E-Portfolio / ELM<br /><ul><li>Organizations
  19. 19. Identification
  20. 20. Resources
  21. 21. Products
  22. 22. …</li></ul>Culture Profile Instance (Group)<br />Instantiation<br />Culture Profile Instance (Actor)<br /><ul><li>…
  23. 23. Experience 1: Study Netherlands
  24. 24. Experience 2: Project Korea
  25. 25. Native Culture: Germany
  26. 26. …</li></ul>Culture Profile Specification<br /><ul><li>General
  27. 27. Reference
  28. 28. Educational
  29. 29. Culture
  30. 30. Communication
  31. 31. …</li></ul>Contains Characteristic<br />Contains Product<br />Presentation<br />Defined Culture Competencies<br />INLOC<br /><ul><li>Competency description
  32. 32. Evidence
  33. 33. …</li></li></ul><li>Summary<br />Context metadata are necessary to design adaptable / adaptive systems<br />Context metadata are useful for design processes<br />Many aspect covered, not all explored fully (e.g. cultural adaptation)<br />More research necessary for automatic adaptation<br />Forthcoming standardization will lead to a broad consensus process <br />
  34. 34. Contact Information ITRI<br />Prof. Dr. Jan M. Pawlowski<br /><br />Skype: jan_m_pawlowski<br />Office:<br />Telephone +358 50 443 2389<br /><br />