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Cen eternity20130116


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Cen eternity20130116

  1. 1. eTernity – Towards the Next Generation of TextbooksJan M. Pawlowski, Fabrizio Cardinali, Tore Hoel 16.01.2013
  2. 2. Thanks to… Fabrizio Cardinali CEO eXact learning solutions North America & APAC Email: Twitter: @CardinaliF Web site: www.exact-learning.comChair of Technical Committee from 2000 to 2002Board of Directors from 2009 to 2011Founding member of IMS Europe Active Engagement inSCORM 1.2 & SCORM 2004 Cowriter Open Knowledge Initiative – MIT Global Strategy Advisor Chair from 2010 to date, 3rd re-election eXact learning solutions © 2012
  3. 3. Jyväskylä, Finland Source: [,]
  4. 4. Global Information Systems at the University of JyväskyläFocus areas Projects Global Information Systems OpenDiscoverySpace: Open Supporting globally distributed Content and Scenarios for Schools workgroups OpenScout: OER for Management Open Educational Resources TELMAP: Technology Forecasting Reference Modeling NORDLET: Nordic Baltic Network for Learning, Education andE-Learning Training Supporting international COSMOS: Open Science education settings Resources: Exchange of Scientific Content Cultural adaptation ASPECT: Open Content and Standardization & Quality standards for schools Management iCOPER: New standards for Mobile & Ambient Learning educational technologies Innovative tools and solutions
  5. 5. From here… Textbooks as a synonym for traditional, teacher-led, boring education…
  6. 6. eTernityRe-inventing Books
  7. 7. Summarising 15 Years of educational publishing Towards Next generation (Personal & Social) Responsive Digital Textbooks Marchitectures eLearning 1.0: Formal eLearning 2.0: Informal eLearning 3.0:“traditional” “traditional” “traditional” Grass Root Content Responsive Pedagogy Contents Publishing Self Generated Digital Textbooks Marchitectures Formal Learning Informal Learning Web 2.0 Viral & Performance & Talent Social Content Management Next Generation Distribution Digital Learning Marchitectures & Ecosystems Skills & Competency management Personal Knowledge Management Portfolio & Indentity Motivate – Engage – Remediate Each one Management Labor & Recruitement Mobile & Management Personal Development Location Based Plans Content Distribution © Fabrizio Cardinali, eXact learning solutions
  8. 8. In simple words… eTextbooks as THE distribution channel, e.g. using ebook readers, tablets, smartphones eTextbooks must be – Adaptable / adaptive – Personalizable – Responsive – Flexible – Accessible What should be different to traditional textbooks? – Learning activities – Multimedia – Adaptation / re-authoring – (Re-)combination – Assessments – Collaboration – More to be discussed today  Freedom of Choice?! Ease of Use!Jan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  9. 9. eTextbooks around the world…Strong developments in Asia – China has proposed an approach based on their national eTextbook/eSchoolbag specification – South Korea has a competing approach, based on a Digital Smart Content specification, which is a national profile of EPUB3 extended with IMS Question and Test Interoperability, IMS Tools Interoperability specifications, and other national specifications Time toFew activities in Europe… Act!Jan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  10. 10. CEN Workshop Learning Technologies Started its activities in February 1999 Development and use of relevant and appropriate standards for learning technologies for Europe Supporting European Stakeholders to engage in standardization activities and create European consensus Creating models, specifications, agreements, guidelines or recommendations Providing a forum for the development and implementation of requirements-driven Learning Technologies e.g. through the development of a network or test bed for interoperability testing or through the creation of reference examples Carefully examining and taking into account the various effects on learning and training technology standards which are due to the diversity of cultural backgrounds and languages that exists within Europe Publicizing the Learning Technologies Workshops activities and results to Relevant European projects, Technology developers and End users Providing a forum for discourse and discussion for European project initiatives Encouraging participation in global initiatives in order to ensure that diverse European requirements are properly addressed by those global initiativesJan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  11. 11. eTernity: Role of CEN WS LT Bringing European Stakeholders together! A state of the art analysis on international initiatives, in particular DITA and EPUB3 from a publishing perspective, and activities within ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 WG6 – a clear picture of related activities in particular in the e-book publishing sector, Requirement gathering of European stakeholders, in particular publishers, educational service providers and school networks – bring together current strategies of publishers and publishing standards (such as EPUB3 and DITA) and educational requirements – Ensuring that e-textbooks for learners can be enriched by educational services, supporting adapting activities, re-mixing, tracking, sequencing, licensing, etc Initial framework for adaptable e-books for learners: Based on the initial mappings, the CEN WS-LT will provide an initial abstract framework consisting of publishing standards and educational services as a basis for further standardization Discourse, consensus, position development, international participation! Collaboration with ISO/IEC – M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  12. 12. So why are we here?Creating an initial understanding of severalcommunities, perspectives and interestsDeveloping a European perspective onglobal issuesUnderstanding educational requirements inthe context of digital publishingCreating common initiatives and work itemsBut most important: understanding eachother and entering discourse!
  13. 13. Managing change in Digital Textbooks Production From here… Authoring Tools Learning Management Systems Content Content Producers Curators Content Consumers ContentProviders © Fabrizio Cardinali, eXact learning solutions
  14. 14. Managing change in Digital Textbooks Production From here… Authoring Tools Learning Management Systems Content Content Producers Curators 10 Most Common Pain Points 1. Difficult to find existing content from past or distant productions 2. Hard to re-use templates across content productions 3. Having to produce content again for every new device 4. Having to test integration with new or multiple LMS platforms Content 5. Not easy to interoperate with existing HR and ERP data Consumers 6. Need to integrate content from multiple departments (i.e. Technical, Marketing, Training) ContentProviders Many content producers/vendors to coordinate, across different nations and languages 7. 8. A nightmare to manage large procurements processes for learning content production 9. Need to transform procurement and production towards a single stream 10.Need to standardize content production, course catalogues, access and delivery life cycles © Fabrizio Cardinali, eXact learning solutions
  15. 15. To eTernity A Sample Ecosystem Open External Open External Repositories Tool Services Single Sign On (Authentication, Authorization) Object Oriented Xml Schemas Content Content Producers Curators Business Intelligence Folksonomies Taxonomies Responsive Object Oriented TextBook Xml Stylesheets Content ContentProviders Consumers Workflows Learning records © Fabrizio Cardinali, eXact learning solutions
  16. 16. eTernity: Some initial thoughts…. What are the key elements of a standard? – Base standards: DITA, EPUB3, … – Learning technology standards: LOM, MLR, IMS LD/QTI, SCORM? – Technical standards: HTML5, XML, … How to design an open architecture… – Combination of standards – APIs – Application Profiles –… …and fulfill stakeholder interests – E.g. commercial vs open content How to align international activities?Jan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  17. 17. Some issues to include Multi Channel Publishing Workflow-/activity embedding Content structures and modularization Sequencing, tracking, monitoring Connecting heterogeneous systems: LMS, HR systems, ERP systems, administration systems, e-portfolio Learner profiles and data Re-combination of contents – Combination of open and commercial contents Personalization – Recommendations – Adaptation – Own learning pathways Rights / IPR Accessibility Ease of Use!!!Jan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  18. 18. eTernity: Goals for today Understanding the basics – Current initiatives in business development and education – Current initiatives in standardization Standards – EPUB3, DITA, html5, … – ISO standards Working towards a European position – Mapped and related requirements gathering for education & publishing – Position statement – Contribution towards relevant global workgroups Action plan – Meeting schedule – Liaisons / collaborations – (Common) working groups – Proposal for CEN/ISSS WSLT – Project liaisonsJan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  19. 19. eTernity: CEN WSLT’s Plans Kicking off the initiative – Stakeholder meeting and initial requirements gathering Work item at CEN WS LT – F2F meeting every three months – Specific online meetings – Express your support: Input towards ISO/EC JTC1 SC36 – Meeting in Paris in March – Meeting in Moscow in SeptemberJan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  20. 20. eTernity: Agenda Input statements – Publishing – Standards – Initiatives Coffee Breaks & Lunch  Workshops: Discussion on potentially relevant issues – Introduction of each stakeholder – (uncommented) collection of requirements – Requirements and solutions • E.g. allowing learning scenarios -> inclusion of learning designs / educational pathways – Ranking & Action planning – Summary presentationJan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  21. 21. Group Discussion Workshops Topics: – Scenarios and requirements following the lifecycle – Technical standards and architecture Group phases – (uncommented) collection of requirements for each phase / standards per issue (30 mins) – Developing possible scenarios and requirements (1h) – Possible solutions • E.g. allowing learning scenarios -> inclusion of learning designs / educational pathways – Ranking & Action planning (30 mins) – Summary presentationJan M. Pawlowski, University of Jyväskylä
  22. 22. www.etextbookseurope.euJan M. Pawlowski Fabrizio Cardinali Read our DITA blog post Like us on Facebook/ exactlearningsolutions Follow us on Twitter @eXactlearning Email us at