LITHOSPHERE
-

lithos for "rocky“
Sphaira for “sphere”

- The outermost shell of a
rocky planet defined on the basis
of th...
THE LITHOSPHERE IS SOLID AND HARD
BECAUSE IT IS MADE OF ROCKS.
ROCKS MAY BE COMPOSED OF A
SINGLE MINERAL OR GROUP OF
MINER...
ROCKS
ROCKS ARE HARD AND SOLID. THESE
PROPERTIES MAINTAIN THE SHAPE
OF THE EARTH DESPIRE THE
MULTITUDE OF FORCES ACTING ON...
CLASSIFICATION OF ROCKS
IGNEOUS

ROCKS
SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
METAMORPHIC ROCKS
CLASSIFICATION OF ROCKS
IGNEOUS ROCKS
 GRANITE
 RHYOLITE
 SCORIA
 ANDESITE
 OBSIDIAN
 GABBRO
 BASALT
IGNEOUS ROCKS
IGNEOUS ROCKS ARE FORMED FROM
MOLTEN MATERIALS CALLED
MAGMA THAT CRYSTALLIZE FOR A
LONG PERIOD OF TIME.
TYPES OF IGNEOUS
ROCKS
GRANITE ROCKS


It is composed of four minerals: quartz,
feldspar, amphibole, and mica. It is light
in color and phanerit...
RHYOLITE ROCKS
The fine-grained equivalent of granite.
Light gray to pinkish in color.
SCORIA ROCKS
Volcanic rock is composed of many holes.
The holes are formed when gases
escape as magma solidifies.
ANDESITE ROCKS
Porphytic igneous rock is abundant at the
base of the Andes Mountain Ranges.
OBSIDIAN rocks
IGNEOUS ROCK APPEARING AS A
CHUNK OF SYNTHETIC GLASS.
GABBRO rocks
Dark, coarse grained equivalent of basalt
BASALT rocks
Dark in color, fine grained, hard and
denser than granite, this rock forms the
ocean floor.
SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
Sedimentary rocks are
formed from small particles
like weathering and
erosion.
TYPES OF SEDIMENTARY
ROCKS
SANDSTONE
Sandstone is part of the sedimentary rock
family. Quartz is what sandstone is
made up of. They are made, when th...
CONGLOMERATE ROCKS
It is a rock consisting of
individual clasts within a finergrained matrix that have become
cemented tog...
SHALE ROCKS
Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary
rock composed of mud that is a mix of
flakes of clay minerals and...
LIMESTONE ROCKS
It is composed largely of
the minerals calcite and aragonite,
which are different crystal
forms of calcium...
LIGNITE ROCKS
is a soft brown combustible sedimentary
rock that is formed from naturally
compressed peat.
METAMORPHIC ROCKS
METAMORPHIC ROCKS ARE ROCKS
THAT CHEMICALLY CHANGED IN
FORM, STRUCTURE, AND
COMPOSITION UNDER GREAT HEAT...
TYPES OF METAMORPHIC
ROCKS
GNEISS ROCKS
a common and widely distributed type
of rock formed by high-grade
regional metamorphic processes from
pre-exi...
SLATE ROCKS
fine-grained, foliated,
homogeneous metamorphic rock derived
from an original shale-type sedimentary
rock comp...
MARBLE ROCKS
a non-foliated metamorphic
rock composed of recrystallized
carbonate minerals, most
commonly calcite or dolom...
ANTHRACITE ROCKS
a hard, compact variety of
mineral coal that has a highluster. It has
the highest carbon content, the few...
The earth’s lithosphere
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The earth’s lithosphere

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The earth’s lithosphere

  1. 1. LITHOSPHERE - lithos for "rocky“ Sphaira for “sphere” - The outermost shell of a rocky planet defined on the basis of the mechanical properties.
  2. 2. THE LITHOSPHERE IS SOLID AND HARD BECAUSE IT IS MADE OF ROCKS. ROCKS MAY BE COMPOSED OF A SINGLE MINERAL OR GROUP OF MINERALS.
  3. 3. ROCKS ROCKS ARE HARD AND SOLID. THESE PROPERTIES MAINTAIN THE SHAPE OF THE EARTH DESPIRE THE MULTITUDE OF FORCES ACTING ON IT.
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATION OF ROCKS IGNEOUS ROCKS SEDIMENTARY ROCKS METAMORPHIC ROCKS
  5. 5. CLASSIFICATION OF ROCKS IGNEOUS ROCKS  GRANITE  RHYOLITE  SCORIA  ANDESITE  OBSIDIAN  GABBRO  BASALT
  6. 6. IGNEOUS ROCKS IGNEOUS ROCKS ARE FORMED FROM MOLTEN MATERIALS CALLED MAGMA THAT CRYSTALLIZE FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME.
  7. 7. TYPES OF IGNEOUS ROCKS
  8. 8. GRANITE ROCKS  It is composed of four minerals: quartz, feldspar, amphibole, and mica. It is light in color and phaneritic in texture.
  9. 9. RHYOLITE ROCKS The fine-grained equivalent of granite. Light gray to pinkish in color.
  10. 10. SCORIA ROCKS Volcanic rock is composed of many holes. The holes are formed when gases escape as magma solidifies.
  11. 11. ANDESITE ROCKS Porphytic igneous rock is abundant at the base of the Andes Mountain Ranges.
  12. 12. OBSIDIAN rocks IGNEOUS ROCK APPEARING AS A CHUNK OF SYNTHETIC GLASS.
  13. 13. GABBRO rocks Dark, coarse grained equivalent of basalt
  14. 14. BASALT rocks Dark in color, fine grained, hard and denser than granite, this rock forms the ocean floor.
  15. 15. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Sedimentary rocks are formed from small particles like weathering and erosion.
  16. 16. TYPES OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
  17. 17. SANDSTONE Sandstone is part of the sedimentary rock family. Quartz is what sandstone is made up of. They are made, when the wind or water, moves the sand in.
  18. 18. CONGLOMERATE ROCKS It is a rock consisting of individual clasts within a finergrained matrix that have become cemented together.
  19. 19. SHALE ROCKS Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.
  20. 20. LIMESTONE ROCKS It is composed largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate.
  21. 21. LIGNITE ROCKS is a soft brown combustible sedimentary rock that is formed from naturally compressed peat.
  22. 22. METAMORPHIC ROCKS METAMORPHIC ROCKS ARE ROCKS THAT CHEMICALLY CHANGED IN FORM, STRUCTURE, AND COMPOSITION UNDER GREAT HEAT AND PRESSURE.
  23. 23. TYPES OF METAMORPHIC ROCKS
  24. 24. GNEISS ROCKS a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from pre-existing formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks.
  25. 25. SLATE ROCKS fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism.
  26. 26. MARBLE ROCKS a non-foliated metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
  27. 27. ANTHRACITE ROCKS a hard, compact variety of mineral coal that has a highluster. It has the highest carbon content, the fewest impurities, and the highest calorific content of all types of coal.

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