Ergonomics

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Introduction lecture to ergonomics presentation

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  • Product Design: These days, the designers of products are often far removed from the end users, which makes it vital to adopt an ergonomic, user-centred approach to design, including studying people using equipment, talking to them and asking them to test objects. Age related design: PHYSIOLOGICAL: range of limb movement, strength, vision, hearing PSCHOLOGICAL: cognitive, reaction time, memory
  • £9 million to sort it out Try using it. Think of all of the ways and circumstances in which you might use it. Does it fit your body size or could it be better? Can you see and hear all you need to see and hear? Is it hard to make it go wrong? Is it comfortable to use all the time (or only to start with)? Is it easy and convenient to use (or could it be improved)? Is it easy to learn to use? Are the instructions clear? Is it easy to clean and maintain? If the answer to all of these questions is 'yes' then the product has probably been thought about with the user in mind.
  • Ergonomics

    1. 1. Ergonomics Monday 7 th March 2011
    2. 2. What is ergonomics? In pairs, discuss this question and write a short definition of ergonomics in no more than 25 words.
    3. 3. Today… <ul><li>Session aim </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction to ergonomics principles as applied to product design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be able to define ergonomics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To applying a user-centred approach to designing products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand principles of anthropometrics and demonstrate understanding through measurements </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Some definitions of Ergonomics <ul><li>User-centered design </li></ul><ul><li>Human factor studies </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘fit’ between people and their technological tools and environments </li></ul><ul><li>Job and task analysis </li></ul>
    5. 5. ‘ Ergonomics is the application of scientific information concerning humans to the design of objects, systems and environment for human use.’ The Institute of Ergonomics & Human Factors 2010
    6. 6. What is ergonomic design? Product design How can designers adopt a user-centred approach to product design? Age related design What physiological issues need to be addressed? What psychological issues need to be addressed?
    7. 7. How do I know if something really has been 'ergonomically designed'?
    8. 8. Ergonomics questions to ask and keep asking <ul><li>Does it fit your body size or could it be better? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you see and hear all you need to see and hear? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it hard to make it go wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it comfortable to use all the time (or only to start with)? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it easy and convenient to use (or could it be improved)? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it easy to learn to use? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the instructions clear? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it easy to clean and maintain? </li></ul>
    9. 9. What ergonomic questions could you ask about a mobile phone?
    10. 10. Anthropometrics Anthro – from ‘anthropos’ a Greek word meaning ‘ man ’ Metrics - associated with measurements . It is the measurement of the size and proportions of the human body, as well as parameters such as reach and visual range capabilities. Vitruvian Man
    11. 11. Percentiles What products would you design for the 5 th %ile? What products would you design for the 95 th %ile?
    12. 12. Bibliography and links <ul><li>Websites: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ergonomics.org.uk/what-ergonomics </li></ul><ul><li>The Institute of Ergonomics & Human Factors website </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ergonomics4schools.com/learningzone.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Ergonomics 4 Schools website </li></ul><ul><li>Journals: </li></ul><ul><li>Ergonomics in Design </li></ul><ul><li>Editor:  C Melody Carswell </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher:  Human Factors and Ergonomics Society </li></ul><ul><li>Books: </li></ul><ul><li>Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Author: Stephen Pheasant </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher: CRC Press; 3 edition (18 July 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Author: Stephen Pheasant </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd; 2nd Revised edition edition (30 Oct 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>The Measure of Man and Woman: Human Factors in Design </li></ul><ul><li>Authou: Alvin R Tilley and Henry Dreyfuss Associates </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher: John Wiley & Sons; Revised Edition edition (13 Feb 2002) </li></ul>

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