Integrating Twitter into Education

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Integrating Twitter into Education

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Integrating Twitter into Education

  1. 1. Understanding Social Networking and Integrating Twitter into Education James Edwards Jr. Educ 6005 Austin Peay State University
  2. 2. Statement of Intent <ul><li>Develop a plan to incorporate social networking into education </li></ul><ul><li>Use Twitter as the platform </li></ul><ul><li>Create materials that display tutorials, best practice techniques, and examples </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy/ Design </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding by Design model </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Develop strategies that incorporate social networking into education </li></ul><ul><li>Educate learners on social networks, online etiquette, cyber bullying and web 2.o tools that facilitate communication and interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Create assignments that involve the use of Twitter </li></ul><ul><li>Expand communication beyond the classroom between instructors, learners, and peers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Standards Addressed <ul><li>Computer Technology Standard 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students will understand the importance of social, ethical, and human issues associated with technology. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer Technology Standard 3.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students will use technology productivity tools. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer Technology Standard 4.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students will use technology communication tools. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Why Twitter? <ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of Use </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Available on multiple devices </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to track class participation </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul>
  6. 6. Misunderstandings <ul><li>Any Twitter feed is useful because it contains information </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter is only about celebrity, gossip, sports, or blogging personal thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Searching and filtering Twitter feeds of value are simple tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Information on Twitter is not relevant to learning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Twitter Facts 2009 <ul><li>Launched 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>12/07 – 500,000 tpq </li></ul><ul><li>12/08 – 1 million tpq </li></ul><ul><li>12/09 – 2 billion tpq </li></ul><ul><li>300,000 new users a day </li></ul><ul><li>106 million accounts </li></ul><ul><li>55 million tweets per day </li></ul><ul><li>18 – 34 age average 45% </li></ul><ul><li>35 – 49 age average 24% </li></ul>website-monitoring.com (2009)
  8. 8. Twitter Facts Today <ul><li>Twitter reached 1 billion tweets in 3 years, 2 months and 1 day </li></ul><ul><li>1 billion this week </li></ul><ul><li>140 million tweets per day </li></ul><ul><li>460,000 new accounts per day </li></ul><ul><li>Projected 200 million accounts this year </li></ul><ul><li>182% increase in Twitter mobile users </li></ul>Twitter Blog (2011)
  9. 9. Twitter Terminology <ul><li>Tweet - An individual post. </li></ul><ul><li>RT (Retweet) - Re-telling someone else’s tweet. </li></ul><ul><li>@username- Open message to a specific person. </li></ul><ul><li>Message- Direct message to a follower. (private) </li></ul><ul><li>#Hashtag - A tag that tracks groups and discussions. </li></ul><ul><li>Groups – Allows users to place followers in a single feed. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Big Ideas Big Ideas in Understand By Design Plan Communication Interaction Participation Impact Perspective Diversity Grammar Exploration Value Respect Terminology Sharing Understanding Applications Etiquette
  11. 11. Benefits for Students <ul><li>Gives students an alternate way to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps thoughts focused </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate communication </li></ul><ul><li>Increased personal communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with others </li></ul><ul><li>Provides an outlet to ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>Resource to connect with professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Build Personal Learning Network (PLN) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Benefits for Teachers <ul><li>Engages learners in ways other than listening to lectures and taking notes </li></ul><ul><li>Allows an outlet to post documents, quizzes, polls, and links to websites </li></ul><ul><li>Backchanneling, real-time online conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for tracking of student participation </li></ul><ul><li>Class activities and assignment deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluates deep learning </li></ul>
  13. 13. Desired Results <ul><ul><li>Identify relevant information and share with peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand impact of cyber bullying and importance of online etiquette </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage effective ways to utilize communication technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking is a powerful information tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn different communication techniques within Twitter such as messaging, tweeting, and retweeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Personal Learning Networks (PLN) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Six Facets of Understanding
  15. 15. Six Facets of Understanding
  16. 16. Applying WHERETO <ul><li>W – Ensure students know WHERE the unit is heading and WHY . </li></ul><ul><li>H – Hook students in the beginning, HOLD their attention. </li></ul><ul><li>E – EQUIP students with necessary means meet goals. </li></ul><ul><li>R – Provide opportunities to RETHINK , REFLECT and REVISE . </li></ul><ul><li>E – Create opportunities to EVALUATE progress and self-assess. </li></ul><ul><li>T – Be TAILORED to reflect talents, interests, styles, and needs. </li></ul><ul><li>O – Be ORGANIZED to optimize deep understanding. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Applying the Design <ul><li>Statement of Intent </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Big Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Six Facets of Understanding </li></ul><ul><li>WHERETO </li></ul>
  18. 18. Learning Activities Explanation <ul><li>[Technology: Twitter, PowerPoint, Video, Internet] </li></ul><ul><li>( W ) Discuss social networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full tutorial lesson on Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Learning Network (PLN) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter classroom uses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( W, H, E ) Introduction of basics of using Twitter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Functions and uses of Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web etiquette </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyber bullying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct expectations </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Learning Activities Explanation <ul><li>( W ) Present tutorials on how to use Twitter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present video and instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up an account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow (@classlist) and explore other Twitter users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( W, H ) Discuss value and relevancy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore news and educational feeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitterstreams that promote learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore Twitter applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( W, O ) Practical uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asynchronous communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class reminders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public and private forum to ask questions </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Learning Activities Interpretation <ul><li>[Technology: Twitter, Internet]  </li></ul><ul><li>( W, H ) (Discussion) Define Social Networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applications towards education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow students to discuss their views of social networking. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( W, E ) Discuss Twitter etiquette to the students. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss conduct and content of tweets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep direct messages private. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore tweeting, retweeting, and replying. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask questions on Twitter during class. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Learning Activities Perspective <ul><li>[Technology: Twitter, Internet]  </li></ul><ul><li>( R ) Conduct a survey Twitter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take a class poll and discuss opinions and feedback on twitter learning experiences  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( E ) Follow a news feed or a world event </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain perspective of other users on Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn value of information  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( R,E ) Research cyber bullying and its implications on victims and social networking </li></ul>
  22. 22. Learning Activities Empathy <ul><li>[Technology: Twitter, Internet]  </li></ul><ul><li>( R, T ) Explore jobs that use Twitter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners will list 3 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe in detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present person on Twitter that holds that job title   </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Learning Activities Empathy <ul><ul><li>( H, R, E ) Follow a professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interact with a professional using Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submit a biography of professional and interview questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example Questions for Interview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How has Twitter enhanced your communication as a professional? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think is the greatest benefit to come from Twitter? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What advice would you give to someone aspiring in your career field? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Learning Activities Self-Knowledge <ul><li>( E, T ) Students can submit their Twistory (Twitter History) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflect on participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflect on Twitter experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner ideas for improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established Personal Learning Network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( H, E ) Class introductions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students could tweet introductions at start of the semester. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classmates could also reply promoting interactivity </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Assessments <ul><li>Sign up for a Twitter account and discuss the different ways Twitter can be accessed. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the popularity of social networking and how it has impacted society. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss online etiquette and cyber bullying, How it can effect others. </li></ul><ul><li>In a short paper, through your Twitter exploration present 3 other Twitter feeds that you find contain value and why. </li></ul><ul><li>In a short paper, describe your Twitter experience and what changes or suggestions you would make to improve on this communication tool </li></ul>
  26. 26. Assessment <ul><li>Students can be tested on Twitter involving terms, etiquette questions, and cyber bullying. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will demonstrate participation through coursework. </li></ul><ul><li>The instructor will assess student Twitter accounts. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will be assessed on activity, participation, and value. </li></ul><ul><li>Students can submit their Twistory for an overall participation assessment. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Twitter Resources TweetDeck An application that manages followers, tweets, searches, etc... Bit.Ly Shortens url’s to 19 characters. Twistory A backlog application that allows user to review Twitter history.
  28. 28. Twitter Resources Twitdoc Allows users to share documents and pictures. GroupTweet Create a Twitter name for your group and follow via direct message. TwtPoll Send polls via Twitter.
  29. 29. Analysis of the Context <ul><li>What are the needs that will be addressed by this project? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors need of communication technology integration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing technology use by learners. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you know those needs exists? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey of 2000 higher educational professionals, 56% never used Twitter. (Faculty Focus, 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>97% of U.S. college students own a cell phone, and 79% own a mobile computer. (Eduventures, 2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How will you know when they have been met? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter integration into curriculum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased communication from participants. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Analysis of the Context <ul><li>Where will the project take place? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional, hybrid and online classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available online </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What applicable technologies are available? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How will the environment affect the project? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants must maintain positive interaction and participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instructional tools </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Audience Analysis Target Audience College Undergraduates ages 18-30 Digital Natives Internet access Smartphones and other mobile devices Similarities/ Differences Familiarity with social networking sites Age gap Time Management Personal Learning Network
  32. 32. Audience Analysis <ul><li>Prior Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Accessibility Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness of Social Networking Sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Attitude for Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implications for Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor should explore Twitter and applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications for design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive and successful outcomes are dependent on both student and teacher participation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners will be informed of conduct expected of them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner suggestions can be adjusted to improve the design. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Analysis of the Learning Task <ul><li>Main Goal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a plan for instructors to facilitate learning through Twitter. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolve teaching styles to gain better communication and interactivity in the classroom. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research other uses of social networking in education and apply positive finding towards project design. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create materials involving Twitter for training shells. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Materials <ul><li>Twitter account @social_educ </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional video </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Lesson Plan 1 - Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Lesson Plan 2 – Etiquette </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Lesson Plan 3 – Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Lesson Plan 4 – Follow a Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Lesson Plan 5 – Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Lesson Plan 6 - World Events </li></ul>
  35. 35. Formative Evaluation <ul><li>Created detailed assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Rubrics for grading </li></ul><ul><li>Determine revisions upon feedback from professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Who will do the formative evaluation? </li></ul><ul><li>Kathrine Bailey (APSU) has offered assistance and feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>Barry Jones (APSU) will apply design towards future instruction. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Summative Evaluation <ul><li>What will determine the success or failure of the project? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation is KEY! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter is already a complete social networking too </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor willingness to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The plan can adapt to multiple teaching curriculums </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conducted survey to determine student interest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter Poll </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Reflection <ul><li>The design is based on prior knowledge of social networking and Twitter. </li></ul><ul><li>Instructors can implement successful ways to expand learning in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Plans can be applied to traditional, hybrid, and online classrooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter applications will help improve a learning experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter is free, the only cost is initiative. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Statistic References <ul><li>Website Monitoring (2010) http://www.website-monitoring.com/blog/2010/05/04/twitter-facts-and-figures-history-statistics/ </li></ul><ul><li>Eduventures (2008) http://campustechnology.com/articles/2008/01/snapshot-personal-electronic-devices-owned-by-students.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty Focus. (2009) http://www.facultyfocus.com/free-reports/twitter-in-higher-education-usage-habits-and-trends-of-todays-college-faculty/ </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter Blog (2011) http://blog.twitter.com/2011/03/numbers.html </li></ul>

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