Diabetes and hypertension

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causes, effects and risk factors

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  • Summary of both types of diabetes
  • Hypertension is caused by several factors. Factors such as:
  • When you have high blood pressure or hypertension you are 3 times the risk to develop cornea disease, 6 times at risk to develop congestive heart disease and 7 time the risk of having a stroke
  • Diabetes and hypertension

    1. 1. Describe the Occurrence ofHypertension and Diabetes Mellitus 2 in Jamaicans 40 years and younger, including their risk factors, prevention, control and the social and economic impacts. Presenters: Jamie- Lee Biggs Sakoya Graf
    2. 2. WHAT IS DIABETES?
    3. 3. WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS 2?
    4. 4. Epidemic of Type 2 Diabetes (3)Prevalence in Jamaica 1960 (>15 years) 1.3% 1970 (25-64 years) 8.1% 1995 (>15 years) 17.9% 1999 (25-74 years) 13.4% Tulloch 1961; Florey et al 1972; Ragoobirsingh et al 1995; Wilks et al 1999
    5. 5. WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?
    6. 6. Types of Hypertension• Primary- develops on its own• Secondary- develops as a result of a secondary condition• Benign- develops in the body but has no visible effect on the body• Malignant- very sever and sudden increase of blood pressure.
    7. 7. THE HUMAN HEART
    8. 8. Causes of Diabetes Mellitus 2
    9. 9. •Fat distribution•Inactive lifestyle•Ethnicity•Family history•Smoking•Age
    10. 10. Common Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus 2• Blurry vision• Excess thirst• Frequent urination• Hunger• Weight loss• Fatigue• Skin irritations- slow healing, infections
    11. 11. • Erectile dysfunction• Pain or numbness in hands and feet
    12. 12. RISK FACTORS
    13. 13. • High blood pressure- Hypertension• Gestational diabetes• Certain dietary pattern• Over weight
    14. 14. PREVENTION & CONTROL
    15. 15. PREVENTIONS• Maintaining a healthy body weight.• Eating healthy• Controlling your blood pressure and cholesterol• Quitting smoking
    16. 16. CONTROL• Tablets to control their blood glucose levels. (aspirin)• Exercising• Managing blood glucose with insulin injections.
    17. 17. Causes of Hypertension
    18. 18. • Age• Family history• Pregnancy• Poor eating habits• Too much salt• Smoking• Ethnicity• Hormones
    19. 19. • Too much alcohol• Over weight• Lack of exercise• Life style• Kidney disease• Cardiovascular disorders Stress
    20. 20. Symptoms of Hypertension• THERE ARE NO DISTNCT SYMPTOM
    21. 21. COMMON SYMPTOMS• Headaches• Dizziness• Blurred vision• Confusion• Coma
    22. 22. Can children have Hypertension?
    23. 23. RISK FACTORS• Cornea disease• Congestive heart failure• Stroke
    24. 24. PREVENTION & CONTROL
    25. 25. • Lifestyle changes• Quit Smoking• Diet with less cholesterol and salt• Regular Exercise• Drugs- Antihypertensive drugs; Beta blockers
    26. 26. Thank you

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