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The urinary system


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Presentation used to introduce anatomy and physiology students to the urinary system anatomy and physiology. Glomerular filtration, tubular secretion and tubular reabsorption are shown.

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The urinary system

  1. 1. The Urinary System Kidney Function Anatomy and Histology of Kidneys Nephrons and Renal Physiology Glomerular Filtration and Tubular Reabsorption
  2. 2. Excretory system organs Kidney’s 1. Cortex 2. Medulla 3. Pelvis Lungs Liver Skin
  3. 3. Urinary System Overview Kidney’s – create urine by filtering the blood Ureters – carry urine from kidney to urinary bladder Urinary bladder – stores urine Urethra – tube emptying the urinary bladder
  4. 4. Urinary system functions Regulation of blood volume Blood composition / pH Blood pressure Excretion of wastes / toxins Synthesis of Glucose Calcitrol Erythropoietin Vitamin D Production and discharge of Urine Ureters transport urine from kidneys to bladder Urinary bladder stored urine Urethra discharges urine from body
  5. 5. Urine Composition
  6. 6. Urine Composition
  7. 7. Nephron: The functional unit of the kidney