Week 20 psychodynamic intro


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Week 20 psychodynamic intro

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Week 20 psychodynamic intro

  1. 1. Psychodynamic Approach 1. Do you have any phobias? Where do you think that they come from? 1. Do you remember your dreams? What did you dream about in your last dream?
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives By the end of the lesson you … • Must be able to describe the psychodynamic approach. • Should be able to describe components of the psychodynamic approach.
  3. 3. Psychodynamic Approach • The psychodynamic perspective starts with the pioneering work of Sigmund Freud. • The key assumption of the psychodynamic approach is that all human behaviour can be explained in terms of inner conflict of the mind. • The structure of the mind is the conscious and unconscious.
  4. 4. ID, Ego & Super Ego • ID: Responsible for our basic drives (sex, food) • Ego: mediates among the id and the super ego • Super-Ego: acts as the conscience, maintaining our sense of morality and the prohibition of taboos
  5. 5. The Id According to Freud, the id is the personality construct that we are born with. Its energy is called the “libido”. It operates on the pleasure principle. Need food... need drink... need comfort... need burping... need sleep... need it NOW!
  6. 6. The Superego  The superego is the 'ideal' force, the civilised, socially acceptable figure the person strives to be.  It operates on the morality principle and includes our understanding of right and wrong.  It opposes the id and is essentially and internalisation of rules passed down from our parents.
  7. 7. The ego  The ego is the reality principle.  It must balance the drives of the id and the control of the superego.  During toddlerhood, children come to realise that they are individuals.  They recognise that they have their own desires, wants, and needs; the ego forms.
  8. 8. The Mind In your own words write a description of the this analogy to the mind. Use all of the terms in the diagram in your answer. 5 mins
  9. 9. Psychosexual Development Stage Age Range Erogenous Zones Oral 0 - 18 mts. Anal 18 - 36 mts. Bowel / bladder Phallic 3 - 6 yrs Genitals Latency 6yrs – puberty Beyond Puberty Dormant sexual feelings Sexual interests mature Genital Mouth
  10. 10. Using whatever method you choose (mind map, personal notes, bullet points) summarise the main points of the psychodynamic approach. 15 minutes
  11. 11. Describe Freud’s psychosexual theory of development. [5 marks]
  12. 12. • Must be able to describe the psychodynamic approach. • Should be able to describe components of the psychodynamic approach.
  13. 13. www.jamiesflipped.co.uk @jamiesflipped