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A selection of ‘Strange Stories’ Adapted from:  Kaland et. al  (2005) The Strange Stories test. A replication study of chi...
The Mentalistic Stories
Story Type: Pretend <ul><li>Katie and Emma are playing in the house. Emma picks up a banana from the fruit bowl and holds ...
Story Type: Joke <ul><li>Today James is going to Claire’s house for the first time. He is going over for tea, and he is lo...
Story Type: White Lie <ul><li>One day Aunt Jane came to visit Peter. Now Peter loves his aunt very much, but today she is ...
Story Type: Figure of Speech <ul><li>Emma has a cough. All through lunch she coughs and coughs. Father says: “Poor Emma, y...
Story Type: Irony <ul><li>Ann’s mother has spent a long time cooking Ann’s favorite meal; fish and chips. But when she bri...
Story Type: Misunderstanding <ul><li>Late one night old Mrs. Peabody is walking home. She doesn’t like walking alone in th...
Story Type: Forgetting <ul><li>Yvonne is playing in the garden with her doll. She leaves her doll in the garden when her m...
The Physical Stories
Army <ul><li>Two enemy powers have been at war for a very long time. Each army has won several battles, but now the outcom...
Glasses <ul><li>Sarah is very long-sighted. She has only one pair of glasses, which she keeps losing. Today she has lost h...
WWW.PSYCHBLOG.CO.UK  <ul><li>Jolliffe, T., and Baron-Cohen, S., (1999) The Strange Stories Test: A Replication with High-F...
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A Selection of Strange Stories

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A Selection of Strange Stories

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A Selection of Strange Stories

  1. 1. A selection of ‘Strange Stories’ Adapted from: Kaland et. al (2005) The Strange Stories test. A replication study of children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome. and Jolliffe & Baron-Cohen (1999) The Strange Stories Test: A Replication with High-Functioning Adults with Autism or Asperger Syndrome.
  2. 2. The Mentalistic Stories
  3. 3. Story Type: Pretend <ul><li>Katie and Emma are playing in the house. Emma picks up a banana from the fruit bowl and holds it up to her ear. She says to Katie, “Look! This banana is a telephone!” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it true what Emma says? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes/No/Don’t know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why does Emma say this? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Story Type: Joke <ul><li>Today James is going to Claire’s house for the first time. He is going over for tea, and he is looking forward to seeing Claire’s dog, which she talks about all time. James likes dogs very much. </li></ul><ul><li>When James arrives at Claire’s house Claire runs to open the door, and her dog jumps up to greet James. Claire’s dog is huge; it’s almost as big as James! </li></ul><ul><li>When James sees Claire’s huge dog he says, “Claire, you haven’t got a dog at all. You’ve got an elephant!” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it true, what James says? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes/No/Don’t know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why does he say this? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Story Type: White Lie <ul><li>One day Aunt Jane came to visit Peter. Now Peter loves his aunt very much, but today she is wearing a new hat; a new hat, which Peter thinks is very ugly indeed. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter thinks his aunt looks silly in it, and much nicer in her old hat. But when Aunt Jane asks Peter, “How do you like my new hat”, Peter says, “Oh, its very nice”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was it true, what Peter said? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes/No/Don’t know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did he say it? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Story Type: Figure of Speech <ul><li>Emma has a cough. All through lunch she coughs and coughs. Father says: “Poor Emma, you must have a frog in your throat!” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it true, what Father says to Emma? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes/No/Don’t know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why does he say that? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Story Type: Irony <ul><li>Ann’s mother has spent a long time cooking Ann’s favorite meal; fish and chips. But when she brings it to Ann, she is watching TV, and she doesn’t even look up, or say thank you. </li></ul><ul><li>Ann’s mother is cross and says, “Well, that’s very nice, isn’t it! That is what I call politeness!” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it true what Ann’s mother says? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes/No/Don’t know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why does Ann’s mother say this? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Story Type: Misunderstanding <ul><li>Late one night old Mrs. Peabody is walking home. She doesn’t like walking alone in the dark because she is always afraid that someone will attack her and rob her. She is really very nervous! </li></ul><ul><li>Suddenly, out of the shadow comes a man. He wants to ask Mrs. Peabody what time it is, so he walks towards her. When Mrs. Peabody sees the man coming towards her, she starts to tremble and says, “Take my purse, just don’t hurt me”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was the man surprised at what Mrs. Peabody said? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes/No/Don’t know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did she say that, when he only wanted to ask her the time? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Story Type: Forgetting <ul><li>Yvonne is playing in the garden with her doll. She leaves her doll in the garden when her mother calls her to come in for lunch. While they are having lunch, it starts to rain. Yvonne’s mother asks Yvonne: “Did you leave your doll in the garden?” Yvonne answers: “No, I brought her in with me”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it true, what Yvonne says? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes/No/Don’t know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why does Yvonne say this? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Physical Stories
  11. 11. Army <ul><li>Two enemy powers have been at war for a very long time. Each army has won several battles, but now the outcome could go either way. The forces are equally matched. However, the Blue army is stronger than the Yellow army in foot soldiers and artillery. But the Yellow army is stronger than the Blue army in air power. </li></ul><ul><li>On the day of the final battle, which will decide the outcome of the war, there is a heavy fog over the mountains where the fighting is about to occur. Low-lying clouds hang above the soldiers. By the end of the day the Blue army have won. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did the Blue army win? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Glasses <ul><li>Sarah is very long-sighted. She has only one pair of glasses, which she keeps losing. Today she has lost her glasses again and she needs to find them. She had them yesterday evening when she looked up the television programmes. She must have left them somewhere that she has been today. She asks Ted to find her glasses. </li></ul><ul><li>She tells him that today she went to her regular early morning keep fit class, then to the post office, and last to the flower shop. Ted goes straight to the post office. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is the post office the most likely place to look? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. WWW.PSYCHBLOG.CO.UK <ul><li>Jolliffe, T., and Baron-Cohen, S., (1999) The Strange Stories Test: A Replication with High-Functioning Adults with Autism or Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(5): 395-406 </li></ul><ul><li>Kaland, N., Moller-Nielsen, A., Smith, L., Mortensen, E.L., Callesen, K., and Gottlieb, D., (2005) The Strange Stories test. A replication study of children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 14(2): 73-82. </li></ul>

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