INTRODUCTION TORESEARCH FORJACOBSON‟S ENGLISH111Jami Bryan, Fall 2011
How do you intendto do the researchfor this class?
The ERIAL Project Anthropologists followed students while they conducted research for an assignment Worked with 161 students, 75 faculty, 48 librarians at five Illinois institutions “Almost without exception, students exhibited a lack of understanding of search logic, how to build a search to narrow/expand results, how to use subject headings, and how various search engines (including Google) organize and display results.”**Asher, Andrew. “The ERIAL Project: Ethnographic Research in Illinois Academic Libraries.”Academic Commons. Academic Commons. 17 May 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2011.
WHAT LACK OF UNDERSTANDING? Using Google to find info about a Mexican restaurant in Tysons Revise and Repeat Finding a friend from middle school on Facebook Make Connections between Resources YOU’VE BEEN HONING YOUR SKILLS – YOU JUST NEED TO APPLY IT TO NEW TOOLS
The ERIAL Project “ „Students showed an almost complete lack of interest in seeking assistance from librarians during the search process.‟ ” * “A possible reason was that students seek help from sources they know and trust, and they do not know librarians. Many do not even know what the librarians are there for.” **Kolowich, Steve. “What Students Dont Know.” Inside Higher Ed. Inside Higher Ed. 22 Aug. 2011.Web. 23 Sept. 2011.
Effective College Research Knowing where to search Knowing how to search Evaluating what you find Avoiding plagiarism
Who cares? Better research = better grades Learn it now and apply it in other courses Knowing how to research well is a marketable skillImage by lanier67: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lanier67/3147696168/in/photostream/
Tools and resources Search Engines Publicly available web resources Databases Articles in Journals, Magazines and Newspapers Reports, reference information Library Catalogs Books (including e-books) Library Holdings: DVDs, Periodicals, Reserves, Equipment
Why not just Google?How does a search engine work?:https://docs.google.com/present/view?id=dcbsfbvq_1fqxzphfm
What‟s an Index? How do thesetools work? Collect information about resources and allow the user to search this information or index Information collected depends on the tool Search engines collect: URL Metadata with creator assigned “keywords” Full-text of the page Links and Clicks Databases and Catalogs collect: Citation information (Author, Title, Publication Date) Keywords or Subject Headings Sometimes the full-text
Why not just Google?Eli Pariser:Bewareonline "filterbubbles“:“The internetis showingus what itthinks wewant tosee, but notnecessarilywhat weneed tosee.”
Search Terms Coming up with Search Terms Pull out key words and concepts from your topic Think about terms other people might have used in talking about your topic (Synonyms, Related Terms, or other Variations) Revise Terms as Searching
Common Search Features Phrase Searching “use quotation marks” to search for that exact match Ex. middle school vs. “middle school” Wildcards Use the * (or ? or $) with the root of a word to search for variant forms rac* finds race, racist, racists, racism, racial
Use the Advanced Search Allows you to tell them what you want searched If specific doesn‟t work, try going broad
Let‟s try a search….http://www.nvcc.ed u/library/
Evaluating is about Credibility Credibility 1. capable of being believed; believable: a credible statement. 2. worthy of belief or confidence; trustworthy: a credible witness.“Credible. ” Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. Web.12 Nov. 2009.
Be skeptical! What you can do: Rely on library catalog and databases Find out whos responsible for the information, such as the author and publisher Consider the purpose of the source and the audience (e.g., to entertain or educate? for practitioners or for consumers?) Consider the date
Citations are also aboutCredibility Citing sources appropriately is about YOUR credibility If you copy text, use quotation marks and cite it If you rephrase text, cite it
Citation Resources Library‟s list of citation help: My recommendations: Use the Cite This or similar feature in the databases CAUTION: These aren‟t always accurate, so check the citations yourself Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL): MLA Formatting & Style Guide Use the Writing Center: http://www.nvcc.edu/annandale/lrc/writing/index.h
3 things•Librarians are available to help•Think before you search•Evaluate and cite your sources
Need help? Have Questions? Come to the Library Online help 24/7 via Ask a Librarian Contact me firstname.lastname@example.org 703-323-3867