The english civil war

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The english civil war

  1. 1.  Charles chose to ban Parliament.  He locked them out of their building for 11 years.  This was called the “11 Years Tyranny.”
  2. 2.  Charles began taking up more taxes without allowing Parliament a say.  One member refused to pay and was thrown in jail.
  3. 3.  He arrested five more members that he considered a problem.  Parliament represented the people and thus the regular folks got angry.  To be continued…..
  4. 4.  After our discussion from yesterday, the English Civil War began in 1642. Charles’s supporters, the Royalists, and Parliament’s followers began fighting.  What is a civil war?
  5. 5.  Parliament turned to Oliver Cromwell to lead the fight against the king’s men.  Was a member of Parliament before this happened.  Made his own army called the “New Model Army”
  6. 6.  Cromwell quickly defeated the Royalist Army.  The king and his men had to surrender. At first, it looked like he would begin to follow Parliament’s demands and allow them a say in things. But he escaped and started the war back. Cromwell won again.
  7. 7.  In 1649, Charles was put on trial. He was found guilty and beheaded.
  8. 8.  The success of Cromwell’s war was a serious blow to the idea of an “absolute monarchy.”  Influenced John Locke’s concept that if a government did not support the people, the people should overthrow the government.
  9. 9.  Oliver Cromwell was put in charge of England and became known as the Lord Protector.  He refused to become a king.  Charles’s son, Charles II, wanted to take over but was not allowed to.  Cromwell outlawed Christmas!!!
  10. 10.  When Cromwell died, his son took over.  But his son didn’t have the leadership skills necessary to lead a country and quit after a few months.  So now what?

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