Intro to exploration

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Intro to exploration

  1. 1. THE GREAT AGE OF EXPLORATION
  2. 2. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS • Plan to sail west to get to the Far East • Lands on Caribbean island in 1492 • Dies believing he landed in India
  3. 3. • 1501 – Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian sailing for Portugal, explored the coast of Brazil. He drew maps and wrote about what he saw. • 1507 – a mapmaker read Vespucci’s observations and named the “new” continent America in his honor. • 1519 - Ferdinand Magellan left Spain and was the first explorer to sail around the tip of South America and circumnavigate, or go all the way around, the globe.
  4. 4. A “NEW WORLD” • Spanish explorers called the Americas the New World. • When Spanish explorers arrived, the Aztec and Inca empires were at the height of their powers. • Spanish explorers in the New World found gold and silver as they conquered the empires there. • They also passed along diseases to the native peoples that killed possibly more than three-quarters of them.
  5. 5. THE ENGLISH AND FRENCH IN AMERICA • Since the Spanish and Portuguese already held the southern routes through the Americas, the English and French explored northern routes. • Although a northern route to Asia was not established, these explorers claimed northern lands for England and for France.
  6. 6. ENGLISH EXPLORATION • 1497 & 1498 – Supported by King Henry VII, Italian explorer John Cabot sailed along the northeast coast of North America and claimed the land for England. • Elizabeth I – provided money for Francis Drake, John Hawkins, and Walter Raleigh.
  7. 7. THE SPANISH ARMADA • The Spanish controlled the gold and silver from the former Aztec and Inca empires. • An English sailor named Francis Drake began stealing gold and silver from the Spanish ships. • The Spanish were angry with the English for these raids and sent 130 ships, known as the Spanish Armada, to attack England. • The English ships were faster and had better weapons. They were able to defeat the Spanish.
  8. 8. A NEW EUROPEAN WORLDVIEW • The explorations brought new knowledge and geography and proved that some old beliefs were wrong. • Geographers made more-accurate maps that reflected new knowledge. • New trade routes gave more opportunities for wealth and resources. • Europeans spread their influence around the world by establishing colonies and setting up new trade routes.
  9. 9. A NEW EUROPEAN WORLDVIEW • The explorations brought new knowledge and geography and proved that some old beliefs were wrong. • Geographers made more-accurate maps that reflected new knowledge. • New trade routes gave more opportunities for wealth and resources. • Europeans spread their influence around the world by establishing colonies and setting up new trade routes.

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